Exercise and health

Section edited by Antonio Ignacio Cuesta-Vargas

This section considers studies on exercise and its effects on health, including mental health.

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  1. Research article

    Reliability and concurrent validity of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire short form among pregnant women

    Sanda B, Vistad I, Haakstad LAH, Berntsen S, Sagedal LR, Lohne-Seiler H, Torstveit MK. Reliability and concurrent validity of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire short form among pregnant women.

    Birgitte Sanda, Ingvild Vistad, Lene Annette Hagen Haakstad, Sveinung Berntsen, Linda Reme Sagedal, Hilde Lohne-Seiler and Monica Klungland Torstveit

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:7

    Published on: 14 March 2017

  2. Research article

    Low back pain and FokI (rs2228570) polymorphism of vitamin D receptor in athletes

    Low back pain (LBP) is common in athletes. LBP can be detrimental to athletic performance and health. Factors predisposing to LBP in athletes remain elusive and require further studies. We investigated whether...

    Sabina Cauci, Francesca Migliozzi, Carlo Simone Trombetta, Ilaria Venuto, Paola Saccheri, Luciana Travan and Giovanni Chiriacò

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:4

    Published on: 7 February 2017

  3. Research article

    Differences in life expectancy between olympic high jumpers, discus throwers, marathon and 100 meter runners

    Several studies have demonstrated that body habitus is associated with survival (life expectancy) time. We sought to determine if survival differed between elite athletes with a range of body types. We hypothe...

    Jeffrey Lee-Heidenreich, David Lee-Heidenreich and Jonathan Myers

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:3

    Published on: 26 January 2017

  4. Study protocol

    The effect of ongoing feedback on physical activity levels following an exercise intervention in older adults: a randomised controlled trial protocol

    Physical inactivity ranks as a major contributing factor in the development and progression of chronic disease. Lifestyle interventions reduce the progression of chronic disease, however, compliance decreases ...

    Katie-Jane Brickwood, Stuart T. Smith, Greig Watson and Andrew D. Williams

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:1

    Published on: 10 January 2017

  5. Research article

    Physical inactivity among physiotherapy undergraduates: exploring the knowledge-practice gap

    Physical inactivity is a common risk factor for several non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Increasing physical activity could reduce the burden of disease due to major NCDs and increase life expectancy. Undergr...

    Chathuranga Ranasinghe, Chathurani Sigera, Priyanga Ranasinghe, Ranil Jayawardena, Ayodya C. R. Ranasinghe, Andrew P. Hills and Neil King

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:39

    Published on: 7 December 2016

  6. Research article

    Normative values for musculoskeletal- and neuromotor fitness in apparently healthy Norwegian adults and the association with obesity: a cross-sectional study

    Up-to-date research on musculoskeletal- and neuromotor fitness (MSMF) is lacking. The aims of the present paper were to a) establish normative values of MSMF by gender and age, and b) to assess how much of the...

    Ingirid Geirsdatter Heald Kjær, Monica Klungland Torstveit, Elin Kolle, Bjørge Herman Hansen and Sigmund Alfred Anderssen

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:37

    Published on: 18 November 2016

  7. Technical advance

    Criterion validity and reliability of a smartphone delivered sub-maximal fitness test for people with type 2 diabetes

    Prevention of multi-morbidities following non-communicable diseases requires a systematic registration of adverse modifiable risk factors, including low physical fitness. The aim of the study was to establish ...

    Cecilie Fau Brinkløv, Ida Kær Thorsen, Kristian Karstoft, Charlotte Brøns, Laura Valentiner, Henning Langberg, Allan Arthur Vaag, Jens Steen Nielsen, Bente Klarlund Pedersen and Mathias Ried-Larsen

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:31

    Published on: 7 October 2016

  8. Research article

    Effects of exercise on fatigue and physical capacity in men with chronic widespread pain - a pilot study

    There is very limited knowledge about the effects of exercise on men with Chronic Widespread Pain (CWP), especially regarding fatigue. We wanted to investigate the effects of resistance exercise compared with ...

    Anna Ericsson, Tomas Bremell, Åsa Cider and Kaisa Mannerkorpi

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:29

    Published on: 6 September 2016

  9. Research article

    Exergaming (XBOX Kinect™) versus traditional gym-based exercise for postural control, flow and technology acceptance in healthy adults: a randomised controlled trial

    The use of exergaming is a potential alternative to traditional methods of balance training, which can be repetitive and somewhat monotonous. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of exergaming u...

    Gillian Barry, Paul van Schaik, Alasdair MacSween, John Dixon and Denis Martin

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:25

    Published on: 23 August 2016

  10. Research article

    A systematic review of financial incentives given in the healthcare setting; do they effectively improve physical activity levels?

    According to current physical activity guidelines, a substantial percentage of the population in high-income countries is inactive, and inactivity is an important risk factor for chronic conditions and mortali...

    Claudia C. M. Molema, G. C. Wanda Wendel-Vos, Lisanne Puijk, Jørgen Dejgaard Jensen, A. Jantine Schuit and G. Ardine de Wit

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:15

    Published on: 4 June 2016

  11. Research article

    Cancer patients participating in a lifestyle intervention during chemotherapy greatly over-report their physical activity level: a validation study

    The short form of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ-sf) is a validated questionnaire used to assess physical activity (PA) in healthy adults and commonly used in both apparently healthy a...

    Karianne Vassbakk-Brovold, Christian Kersten, Liv Fegran, Odd Mjåland, Svein Mjåland, Stephen Seiler and Sveinung Berntsen

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:10

    Published on: 19 April 2016

  12. Research article

    Maximal strength training as physical rehabilitation for patients with substance use disorder; a randomized controlled trial

    Patients with substance use disorder (SUD) suffer from multiple health and psychosocial problems. Because poor physical capacities following an inactive lifestyle may indeed contribute to these problems, physi...

    Runar Unhjem, Grete Flemmen, Jan Hoff and Eivind Wang

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:7

    Published on: 31 March 2016

  13. Research article

    Age profiles of sport participants

    Participation in sport has many health benefits, and is popular amongst children. However participation decreases with age. While the membership records of peak sports organisations have improved markedly in r...

    Rochelle M. Eime, Jack T. Harvey, Melanie J. Charity, Meghan M. Casey, Hans Westerbeek and Warren R. Payne

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:6

    Published on: 12 March 2016

  14. Research article

    Reliability of the Q Force; a mobile instrument for measuring isometric quadriceps muscle strength

    The ability to generate muscle strength is a pre-requisite for all human movement. Decreased quadriceps muscle strength is frequently observed in older adults and is associated with a decreased performance and...

    K. W. Douma, G. R. H. Regterschot, W.P. Krijnen, G. E. C. Slager, C. P. van der Schans and W. Zijlstra

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:4

    Published on: 19 February 2016

  15. Research article

    Comparison of three activity monitors for estimating sedentary time among children

    Time spent sedentary appears to be associated with several health outcomes in adults, but findings are inconsistent in children. Further, the assessment of sedentary time represents a major challenge. The obje...

    Jarle Stålesen, Frøydis Nordgård Vik, Bjørge Herman Hansen and Sveinung Berntsen

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:2

    Published on: 5 February 2016

  16. Research article

    Effects of a home-exercise therapy programme on cervical and lumbar range of motion among nurses with neck and lower back pain: a quasi-experimental study

    Cervical and lumbar range of motion limitations are usually associated with musculoskeletal pain in the neck and lower back, and are a major health problem among nurses. Physical exercise has been evaluated as...

    Tiina Freimann, Eda Merisalu and Mati Pääsuke

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2015 7:31

    Published on: 4 December 2015

  17. Research article

    Can previously sedentary females use the feeling scale to regulate exercise intensity in a gym environment? an observational study

    Recent research suggests that the Feeling Scale (FS) can be used as a method of exercise intensity regulation to maintain a positive affective response during exercise. However, research to date has been carri...

    Charlotte C. Hamlyn-Williams, Gavin Tempest, Sarah Coombs and Gaynor Parfitt

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2015 7:30

    Published on: 26 November 2015

  18. Research article

    Sporting programs for inactive population groups: factors influencing implementation in the organized sports setting

    The organized sports sector has received increased attention as a setting to promote health-enhancing physical activity (HEPA) to the general population. For significant public health impact, it is important t...

    Linda Ooms, Cindy Veenhof, Nicolette Schipper-van Veldhoven and Dinny H. de Bakker

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2015 7:12

    Published on: 3 June 2015

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