Exercise physiology

Section edited by Fred DiMenna

This section considers studies on all aspects of human exercise physiology.

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  1. Research article

    Quantification and physiological significance of the rightward shift of the V-slope during incremental cardiopulmonary exercise testing

    Ventilatory anaerobic threshold (VAT) is frequently used as a measure of exercise tolerance, with the V-slope method being the standard; however, this needs to be visually determined. Over the years, we have o...

    Hirotaka Nishijima, Kazuo Kondo, Kazuya Yonezawa, Hiroki Hashimoto and Masayuki Sakurai

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:9

    Published on: 20 April 2017

  2. Research article

    Ultrasound assessment of fascial connectivity in the lower limb during maximal cervical flexion: technical aspects and practical application of automatic tracking

    The fascia provides and transmits forces for connective tissues, thereby regulating human posture and movement. One way to assess the myofascial interaction is a fascia ultrasound recording. Ultrasound can fol...

    Carlos Cruz-Montecinos, Mauricio Cerda, Rodolfo Sanzana-Cuche, Jaime Martín-Martín and Antonio Cuesta-Vargas

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:18

    Published on: 11 July 2016

  3. Research article

    Relationship of post-exercise muscle oxygenation and duration of cycling exercise

    Aerobic adaptations following interval training are supposed to be mediated by increased local blood supply. However, knowledge is scarce on the detailed relationship between exercise duration and local post-e...

    Fabian Stöcker, Christoph Von Oldershausen, Florian Kurt Paternoster, Thorsten Schulz and Renate Oberhoffer

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:9

    Published on: 14 April 2016

  4. Research article

    Ultrasonic assessment of exercise-induced change in skeletal muscle glycogen content

    Ultrasound imaging is a valuable tool in exercise and sport science research, and has been used to visualize and track real-time movement of muscles and tendons, estimate hydration status in body tissues, and ...

    David C Nieman, R Andrew Shanely, Kevin A Zwetsloot, Mary Pat Meaney and Gerald E Farris

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2015 7:9

    Published on: 18 April 2015

  5. Research article

    Relationship between perceived exertion and blood lactate concentrations during incremental running test in young females

    To investigate more practical handling of Borg’s ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) and category-ratio scale of RPE (CR-10), we evaluated interrelationships between RPE, CR-10, and blood lactate concentration...

    Daijiro Abe, Takayoshi Yoshida, Hatsumi Ueoka, Koji Sugiyama and Yoshiyuki Fukuoka

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2015 7:5

    Published on: 22 January 2015

  6. Research article

    Match play performance characteristics that predict post-match creatine kinase responses in professional rugby union players

    Rugby union players can take several days to fully recover from competition. Muscle damage induced during the match has a major role in player recovery; however the specific characteristics of match play that ...

    Marc R Jones, Daniel J West, Bradley J Harrington, Christian J Cook, Richard M Bracken, David A Shearer and Liam P Kilduff

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014 6:38

    Published on: 3 November 2014

  7. Research article

    Changes in transition times in ‘Ironman Hawaii’ between 1998 and 2013

    Recent findings showed that elite Ironman triathletes competing in ‘Ironman Hawaii’ improved both split and overall race times. The present study investigated whether elite athletes also improved in transition...

    Christoph A Rüst, Thomas Rosemann, Romuald Lepers and Beat Knechtle

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014 6:37

    Published on: 8 October 2014

  8. Research article

    Will the age of peak ultra-marathon performance increase with increasing race duration?

    Recent studies found that the athlete’s age of the best ultra-marathon performance was higher than the athlete’s age of the best marathon performance and it seemed that the athlete’s age of peak ultra-marathon...

    Christoph Alexander Rüst, Matthias Alexander Zingg, Thomas Rosemann and Beat Knechtle

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014 6:36

    Published on: 27 September 2014

  9. Research article

    Relationship between age and elite marathon race time in world single age records from 5 to 93 years

    The aims of the study were (i) to investigate the relationship between elite marathon race times and age in 1-year intervals by using the world single age records in marathon running from 5 to 93 years and (ii) t...

    Beat Knechtle, Hervé Assadi, Romuald Lepers, Thomas Rosemann and Christoph Alexander Rüst

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014 6:31

    Published on: 31 July 2014

  10. Research article

    Changes in sex difference in swimming speed in finalists at FINA World Championships and the Olympic Games from 1992 to 2013

    This study investigated swimming speeds and sex differences of finalists competing at the Olympic Games (i.e. 624 female and 672 male athletes) and FINA World Championships (i.e. 990 women and 1008 men) between 1...

    Stefanie Wild, Christoph Alexander Rüst, Thomas Rosemann and Beat Knechtle

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014 6:25

    Published on: 25 June 2014

  11. Commentary

    Gender differences in myocardial function and arterio-ventricular coupling in response to maximal exercise in adolescent floor-ball players

    The hemodynamic and cardiac responses to exercise have been widely investigated in adults. However, little is known regarding myocardial performance in response to a short bout of maximal exercise in adolescen...

    Åsa Fomin, Cristina Da Silva, Mattias Ahlstrand, Anders Sahlén, Lars Lund, Marcus Stahlberg, Anders Gabrielsen and Aristomenis Manouras

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014 6:24

    Published on: 24 June 2014

  12. Research article

    Aerobic exercise modulates intracortical inhibition and facilitation in a nonexercised upper limb muscle

    Despite growing interest in the relationship between exercise and short-term neural plasticity, the effects of exercise on motor cortical (M1) excitability are not well studied. Acute, lower-limb aerobic exerc...

    Amaya M Singh, Robin E Duncan, Jason L Neva and W Richard Staines

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014 6:23

    Published on: 21 June 2014

  13. Research article

    A novel compression garment with adhesive silicone stripes improves repeated sprint performance – a multi-experimental approach on the underlying mechanisms

    Repeated sprint performance is determined by explosive production of power, as well as rapid recovery between successive sprints, and there is evidence that compression garments and sports taping can improve b...

    Dennis-Peter Born, Hans-Christer Holmberg, Florian Goernert and Billy Sperlich

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014 6:21

    Published on: 30 May 2014

  14. Research article

    Changes in breaststroke swimming performances in national and international athletes competing between 1994 and 2011 –a comparison with freestyle swimming performances

    The purpose of the present study was to analyse potential changes in performance of elite breaststroke swimmers competing at national and international level and to compare to elite freestyle swimming performa...

    Mathias Wolfrum, Christoph Alexander Rüst, Thomas Rosemann, Romuald Lepers and Beat Knechtle

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014 6:18

    Published on: 9 May 2014

  15. Research article

    Analysis of sex differences in open-water ultra-distance swimming performances in the FINA World Cup races in 5 km, 10 km and 25 km from 2000 to 2012

    The present study investigated the changes in swimming speeds and sex differences for elite male and female swimmers competing in 5 km, 10 km and 25 km open-water FINA World Cup races held between 2000 and 2012.

    Matthias Alexander Zingg, Christoph Alexander Rüst, Thomas Rosemann, Romuald Lepers and Beat Knechtle

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014 6:7

    Published on: 22 February 2014

  16. Research article

    Cardiac performance, biomarkers and gene expression studies in previously sedentary men participating in half-marathon training

    The mechanisms through which exercise reduces cardiovascular disease are not fully understood. We used echocardiograms, cardiac biomarkers and gene expression to investigate cardiovascular effects associated w...

    Danica D Vance, Gordon L Chen, Mark Stoutenberg, Robert J Myerburg, Kevin Jacobs, Lubov Nathanson, Arlette Perry, David Seo, Pascal J Goldschmidt-Clermont and Evadnie Rampersaud

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014 6:6

    Published on: 19 February 2014

  17. Research article

    Regionally accentuated reversible brain grey matter reduction in ultra marathon runners detected by voxel-based morphometry

    During the 4,487 km ultra marathon TransEurope-FootRace 2009 (TEFR09), runners showed catabolism with considerable reduction of body weight as well as reversible brain volume reduction. We hypothesized that ul...

    Wolfgang Freund, Sonja Faust, Christian Gaser, Georg Grön, Frank Birklein, Arthur P Wunderlich, Marguerite Müller, Christian Billich and Uwe H Schütz

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014 6:4

    Published on: 17 January 2014

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