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Table 1 Subjects characteristics and self-report function in men and women by age.

From: Rotational strength, range of motion, and function in people with unaffected shoulders from various stages of life

  n Age (years) Dominance DASH SST WORC
   Mean* Right/left Mean* Mean* Mean*
Men 121 39.2 ± 16.6 106/15 1.8 ± 3.1 (n = 100) 11.6 ± 1.6 (n = 60) 6.4 ± 12.0 (n = 59)
18–39 71 27.1 ± 5.5 62/9 1.8 ± 2.9 (n = 54) 11.9 ± 0.4 (n = 25) 5.8 ± 13.6 (n = 25)
40–59 30 48.5 ± 5.3 26/4 1.1 ± 2.9 (n = 27) 11.8 ± 0.5 (n = 19) 6.9 ± 12.7(n = 18)
60+ 20 68.2 ± 5.7 18/2 2.6 ± 3.8 (n = 19) 10.9 ± 3.0 (n = 16) 6.9 ± 8.5 (n = 16)
Women 173 35.3 ± 15.1 157/16 1.8 ± 2.8 (n = 155) 11.7 ± 1.5 (n = 70) 5.4 ± 8.3 (n = 70)
18–39 112 25.4 ± 6.2 99/13 1.7 ± 2.4 (n = 96) 12.0 ± 0.2 (n = 27) 3.9 ± 3.9 (n = 27)
40–59 44 48.8 ± 5.1 42/2 2.0 ± 3.6 (n = 43) 11.8 ± 0.5 (n = 31) 7.7 ± 11.4 (n = 31)
60+ 17 64.9 ± 4.8 16/1 1.9 ± 2.6 (n = 16) 10.9 ± 3.4 (n = 12) 3.1 ± 3.9 (n = 12)
Total 294 36.9 ± 15.9 263/31 1.8 ± 2.9 (n = 255) 11.7 ± 1.5 (n = 130) 5.9 ± 10.1 (n = 129)
18–39 183 26.1 ± 6.0 161/22 1.8 ± 2.6 (n = 150) 11.9 ± 0.3a (n = 52) 4.8 ± 9.8 (n = 52)
40–59 74 48.7 ± 5.1 68/6 1.7 ± 3.4 (n = 70) 11.8 ± 0.5b (n = 50) 7.4 ± 11.8 (n = 49)
60+ 37 66.6 ± 5.5 34/3 2.3 ± 3.2 (n = 35) 10.9 ± 3.1a, b (n = 28) 5.3 ± 7.1 (n = 28)
  1. Significant differences for the SST between: a18–39 and over-60 age categories; b40–59 and over-60 age categories. * Mean ± 1 SD.
  2. Abbreviation: n, Number of subjects.