Internal Rotation (D) |
Internal Rotation (ND) | External Rotation (D) |
External Rotation (ND) | |
---|---|---|---|---|
Mean* | Mean* | Mean* | Mean* | |
Men | 45.2 ± 15.8^{¶} (n = 60) | 42.8 ± 15.6^{¶} (n = 60) | 33.6 ± 11.3^{¶} (n = 81) | 34.0 ± 9.9^{¶} (n = 60) |
18–39 | 46.8 ± 16.5^{¶} (n = 25) | 45.7 ± 15.6^{¶,a} (n = 25) | 33.6 ± 9.0^{¶,a} (n = 42) | 35.8 ± 9.5^{¶,a} (n = 25) |
40–59 | 50.5 ± 16.7^{¶} (n = 18) | 49.4 ± 15.5^{¶,b} (n = 18) | 40.0 ± 11.8^{¶,b} (n = 21) | 38.6 ± 8.6^{¶,b} (n = 18) |
60+ | 37.1 ± 10.1^{¶} (n = 17) | 31.5 ± 8.8^{¶,a, b} (n = 17) | 25.9 ± 11.2^{¶,a, b} (n = 18) | 26.5 ± 7.7^{¶,a, b} (n = 17) |
Women | 20.7 ± 7.6^{¶} (n = 71) | 18.7 ± 6.6^{¶} (n = 71) | 17.0 ± 4.8^{¶} (n = 88) | 16.6 ± 5.2^{¶} (n = 71) |
18–39 | 23.2 ± 9.0^{¶} (n = 28) | 21.0 ± 7.2^{¶} (n = 28) | 17.2 ± 5.0^{¶} (n = 43) | 17.5 ± 5.7^{¶} (n = 28) |
40–59 | 18.8 ± 5.7^{¶} (n = 31) | 17.6 ± 5.6^{¶} (n = 31) | 17.5 ± 3.7^{¶} (n = 32) | 16.0 ± 2.9^{¶} (n = 31) |
60+ | 19.8 ± 7.1^{¶} (n = 12) | 16.2 ± 6.3^{¶} (n = 12) | 14.8 ± 5.9^{¶} (n = 13) | 15.8 ± 8.3^{¶} (n = 12) |
Total | 31.9 ± 17.1^{§} (n = 131) | 29.7 ± 16.7^{§} (n = 131) | 24.9 ± 11.9^{§} (n = 169) | 24.6 ± 11.6^{§} (n = 131) |
18–39 | 34.3 ± 17.6 (n = 53) | 32.6 ± 17.2 (n = 53) | 25.3 ± 11.0 (n = 85) | 26.2 ± 11.9 (n = 53) |
40–59 | 30.5 ± 18.9 (n = 49) | 29.3 ± 18.6 (n = 49) | 26.4 ± 13.7 (n = 53) | 24.3 ± 12.3 (n = 49) |
60+ | 30.0 ± 12.4 (n = 29) | 25.1 ± 10.9 (n = 29) | 21.3 ± 10.8 (n = 31) | 22.1 ± 9.5 (n = 29) |