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Table 3 Range of motion (in degrees) in men and women by age.

From: Rotational strength, range of motion, and function in people with unaffected shoulders from various stages of life

  Supine Sitting
  Internal Rotation
(D)
Internal Rotation (ND) External Rotation
(D)
External Rotation (ND) External Rotation
(D)
External Rotation (ND)
  Mean* Mean* Mean* Mean* Mean* Mean*
Men (n = 58) 64.3 ± 16.0 67.1 ± 16.1 87.8 ± 10.1 85.1 ± 12.6 65.2 ± 15.0 64.0 ± 16.6
18–39 (n = 25) 61.5 ± 1 5.3 64.0 ± 13.4 90.7 ± 9.5 87.0 ± 13.1 66.2 ± 14.6 66.4 ± 16.4
40–59 (n = 17) 69.8 ± 14.3 72.8 ± 16.7 86.0 ± 9.0 84.3 ± 12.6 60.5 ± 15.4 58.7 ± 19.9
60+ (n = 16) 62.7 ± 18.1 66.0 ± 18.5 85.1 ± 11.3 83.1 ± 12.2 69.0 ± 14.9 65.9 ± 11.9
Women (n = 72) 70.1 ± 19.1 70.3 ± 18.5 89.5 ± 11.5 86.2 ± 13.3 69.3 ± 14.4 71.6 ± 17.5
18–39 (n = 30) 69.3 ± 17.2 67.7 ± 15.5 91.5 ± 12.4 87.3 ± 13.1 68.0 ± 13.4 70.9 ± 19.5
40–59 (n = 31) 73.9 ± 18.3 74.5 ± 18.1 89.9 ± 10.2 87. 2 ± 11.6 73.1 ± 14.9 73.9 ± 16.5
60+ (n = 11) 61.5 ± 24.7 65.2 ± 25.6 82.7 ± 10.5 80.5 ± 17.5 66.6 ± 17.9 67.2 ± 14.8
Total (n = 130) 67.5 ± 18.0 68.9 ± 17.5 88.7 ± 10.9§ 85.7 ± 13.0§ 67.7 ± 14.8 68.1 ± 17.5
18–39 (n = 55) 65.8 ± 16.7 66.0 ± 14.5 91.1 ± 11.1a 87.2 ± 13.0 67.3 ± 13.8 68.8 ± 18.1
40–59 (n = 48) 72.5 ± 17.0 73.9 ± 17.5 88.5 ± 9.9 86.1 ± 11.9 68.2 ± 16.2 68.3 ± 19.1
60+ (n = 27) 62.2 ± 20.6 65.7 ± 21.2 84.1 ± 10.9a 82.0 ± 14.3 68.0 ± 15.9 66.4 ± 12.9
  1. Significant differences between: men and women; §dominant and non-dominant sides; a18–39 and over-60 age categories; b40–59 and over-60 age categories. * Mean ± 1 SD.