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Table 1 Inclusion and exclusion criteria

From: The treatment of medial tibial stress syndrome in athletes; a randomized clinical trial

Inclusion criteria

Exclusion criteria

Pain induced by exercise and present during or after exercise

Tibial fracture in the past

Pain on the postero-medial border of the tibia

History of paresthesia

Diffuse pain on palpation of the postero-medial tibia for at least 5 centimeters

Clinical suspicion of a tibial stress fracture [31]or stress fracture present on x-ray

Age > 16 years old

Clinical suspicion of exercise induced compartment syndrome [31]or increased intra-compartimental pressure

Active in sport at least once per week


Complaints for more than 3 weeks