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Table 1 Inclusion and exclusion criteria

From: The treatment of medial tibial stress syndrome in athletes; a randomized clinical trial

Inclusion criteria Exclusion criteria
Pain induced by exercise and present during or after exercise Tibial fracture in the past
Pain on the postero-medial border of the tibia History of paresthesia
Diffuse pain on palpation of the postero-medial tibia for at least 5 centimeters Clinical suspicion of a tibial stress fracture [31]or stress fracture present on x-ray
Age > 16 years old Clinical suspicion of exercise induced compartment syndrome [31]or increased intra-compartimental pressure
Active in sport at least once per week  
Complaints for more than 3 weeks