Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Suggested GHJ Range of Motion

From: A comparison of the musculoskeletal assessments of the shoulder girdles of professional rugby players and professional soccer players

TEST Method according to
G.H.J. Range of abduction and flexion McFarland, 2006 [27]
Glenohumeral internal rotation deficit (GIRD) Wilk, et al. 2002 [28]
Active GH IR/ER Magee, 1992 [29]
Passive GH IR/ER @ 90’ abduction Sahrmann, 2002 [8]
Humeral head position Sahrmann, 2002 [8]
Sulcus Test Sahrmann, 2002 [8]
Hawkins impingement test Hawkins and Kennedy, 1980 [30]
Neer’s impingement test Neer and Welsh, 1971 [31]
*Pectoralis minor length passive Kendal, et al. 1993 [25]
Pectoralis minor length active Sahrmann, 2002 [8]
Pectoralis major length Sahrmann, 2002 [8]
Upper trapezius length Kendal, et al. 1993 [25]
Posterior Capsule tightness Tyler, et al. 1999 [32]
Lateral and medial GHJ rotation isometric strength Kendal, et al. 1993 [25]
Middle and lower trapezius isometric strength Kendal, et al. 1993 [25]
  1. * At present there are no “gold standard” reference tests for the measurement of pectoralis minor length [33].