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Table 1 Execution of MMT test for subsequent data collection with sEMG

From: A comparison land-water environment of maximal voluntary isometric contraction during manual muscle testing through surface electromyography

Cervical erector spinae The therapist stands behind the participant and resists neck extension.
Trapezius The therapist stands behind the participant and unilateral action resists shoulder elevation and tilt of the head.
Infraspinatus The physiotherapist is placed laterally to the participant and resists external rotation and separation of the arm, elbow flexion of 90°.
Anterior deltoid The therapist is positioned before the participant and resists forward flexion and internal rotation of the arm.
Middle deltoid The physiotherapist is placed laterally to the participant and resists separation of the arm to 90 degrees.
Pectoralis The therapist is positioned before the participant and resists the approach and internal rotation.
Latissimus dorsi The therapist stands behind the participant and resists the approach and arm extension, and internal rotation.