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Table 2 Physiological, biomechanical and performance values (means ± SD) associated with the repeated sprints with and without the compression garment with adhesive silicone stripes (CGSS)

From: A novel compression garment with adhesive silicone stripes improves repeated sprint performance – a multi-experimental approach on the underlying mechanisms

Variable  Sprints 01-10  Sprints 11-20  Sprints 21-30
  CGSS Control Pvalue ES d CGSS Control P value ES d CGSS Control P value ES d
Sub-study 1 (n = 12)
Time [s] 4.97 ± 0.21 5.00 ± 0.22 0.28 0.22 5.09 ± 0.29 5.12 ± 0.29 0.09 0.14 5.12 ± 0.29 5.21 ± 0.34 0.02 0.37
Oxygen uptake [mL∙min-1] 2.51 ± 0.53 2.45 ± 0.48 0.47 0.17 2.62 ± 0.63 2.65 ± 0.64 0.77 0.08 2.59 ± 0.6 2.63 ± 0.64 0.71 0.09
Ventilation [L∙min-1] 69.1 ± 9.9 68.3 ± 12.6 0.68 0.1 76.5 ± 7.1 78 ± 10.5 0.53 0.23 77.3 ± 8.3 79.1 ± 9.1 0.3 0.31
Heart rate [bpm] 169 ± 7.5 169 ± 7.5 0.92 0.04 178 ± 8.2 177 ± 5.5 0.59 0.2 177 ± 8.5 178 ± 7.2 0.45 0.2
Blood lactate [mmol∙L-1] 5.53 ± 1.54 6.17 ± 2.03 0.13 0.5 6.55 ± 1.92 7.29 ± 1.9 0.16 0.54 6.46 ± 2.03 6.84 ± 1.74 0.45 0.29
Tissue saturation index [%] 93.3 ± 3 92.9 ± 3.9 0.68 0.14 91.2 ± 3.4 92.2 ± 4 0.27 0.35 90.7 ± 3.5 91.5 ± 4.6 0.34 0.27
Oxy-hemoglobin [μM∙cm] 101 ± 10.8 95 ± 10.4 0.06 0.71 108 ± 14.5 107 ± 17.2 0.8 0.08 109 ± 15.7 110 ± 22.6 0.83 0.07
Deoxy-hemoglobin [μM∙cm] 108 ± 6.3 108 ± 7.7 0.87 0.06 113 ± 7.7 116 ± 11.7 0.26 0.42 114 ± 8.7 119 ± 16.9 0.25 0.51
Total hemoglobin [μM∙cm] 103 ± 7.2 100 ± 8 0.4 0.44 109 ± 8.7 111 ± 14.4 0.61 0.21 110 ± 9.5 113 ± 20 0.41 0.33
Rating of perceived exertion [Borg’s Scale]
 Whole-body 10 ± 2.3 10 ± 2.3 0.98 0.01 14.6 ± 2.2 15.4 ± 1.9 0.09 0.58 17.6 ± 2.3 18.5 ± 1.3 0.13 0.68
 Upper leg muscles 9.5 ± 2.7 10.4 ± 2.5 0.29 0.49 13 ± 3.3 14.9 ± 1.7 0.04 1.0 15.7 ± 3.2 17.7 ± 1.9 0.01 1.1
 Lower leg muscles 8.6 ± 2.3 8.3 ± 2.3 0.5 0.19 11.4 ± 3.2 11.7 ± 3.2 0.58 0.12 13.6 ± 3.7 14 ± 4 0.64 0.15
Sub-study 2 (n = 12)
Time [s] 4.87 ± 0.31 4.88 ± 0.39 0.73 0.07 4.88 ± 0.31 4.95 ± 0.40 0.08 0.25 4.85 ± 0.31 4.99 ± 0.36 <0.01 0.61
Hip flexion angle [°] 95.3 ± 4.6 102.8 ± 7.5 <0.01 1.69 96.4 ± 6.3 106.7 ± 6.4 <0.01 2.28 98.4 ± 6.4 106.3 ± 6.1 <0.01 1.78
Step length [m] 2.24 ± 0.1 2.17 ± 0.13 0.03 0.85 2.23 ± 0.13 2.16 ± 0.16 0.07 0.61 2.24 ± 0.14 2.14 ± 0.17 0.01 0.91
Step frequency [Hz] 3.66 ± 0.23 3.65 ± 0.21 0.78 0.08 3.64 ± 0.23 3.65 ± 0.26 0.91 0.03 3.66 ± 0.24 3.63 ± 0.26 0.34 0.2
iEMG [%]
Gluteus maximus 91.8 ± 11.8 81.7 ± 13.3 0.04 1.14 91.5 ± 28.3 83.5 ± 19.6 0.37 0.46 93.9 ± 31.9 79.2 ± 14 0.13 0.84
Rectus femoris 92.7 ± 12.6 96.7 ± 13.5 0.36 0.44 91.1 ± 11 86.8 ± 15.5 0.5 0.45 95.4 ± 18.5 78.9 ± 19.2 0.01 1.24
Vastus lateralis 88.6 ± 14.7 84.2 ± 6.5 0.31 0.55 89.8 ± 19.9 85.1 ± 13.1 0.53 0.39 95.1 ± 23.9 84.7 ± 10.6 0.23 0.8
Biceps femoris 91.3 ± 21.8 90.3 ± 6.3 0.88 0.08 87.7 ± 19.3 85.8 ± 13.8 0.79 0.16 92.1 ± 24.4 83.8 ± 15.5 0.32 0.58
Gastrocnemius medialis 88.8 ± 18.7 86.5 ± 13.4 0.63 0.21 92 ± 28.7 89.8 ± 15.5 0.79 0.13 96.2 ± 39.5 102.4 ± 24.5 0.65 0.26
  1. Abbreviations. iEMG, integrated EMG; ES, Effect size.