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Table 1 Characteristics of the population by transport choice when travelling to a sports facility

From: Transport choice when travelling to a sports facility: the role of perceived route features - Results from a cross-sectional study in the Netherlands

  Car use  (n = 439) Bicycling  (n = 543) Walking  (n = 136) Pcar vs cycling Pcar vs walking
Individual characteristics      
Men, % 53.3 49.0 55.2 0.18 0.71
Age (yrs), mean (SD) 48.4 (13.4) 45.7 (14.7) 46.6 (14.1) <0.01 0.17
Educational level, %     0.22 0.98
High 35.5 40.7 34.6   
Medium 43.3 41.1 44.1   
Low 21.2 18.2 21.3   
Household composition, %     <0.01 0.03
living alone 17.3 21.6 26.5   
with a partner 39.0 37.0 36.0   
with children under 18 31.9 20.8 .22.1   
with other adults 11.9 20.6 15.4   
Physical activity (h/wk), mean (SD) 20.4 (15.2) 24.3 (18.2) 24.0 (19.7) <0.01 0.03
Characteristics of the direct living environment      
Neighbourhood typology, %     0.32 0.02
rural 7.3 6.3 4.4   
village-centre 33.0 30.4 25.0   
urban-green 15.0 12.3 10.3   
urban-outside centre 37.8 42.0 47.5   
urban-centre 6.8 9.0 12.5   
Age of the neighbourhood, %     0.18 0.23
<1910 8.0 7.7 8.8   
1910-1939 29.4 29.3 22.8   
1940-1969 41.5 35.7 39.0   
1970-1984 18.7 24.9 27.2   
≥1985 2.5 2.4 2.2   
Availability cycling paths (km/km 2 ), mean (SD) 1.5 (0.8) 1.6 (1.0) 1.9 (1.1) 0.01 <0.01
Availability walking paths (km/km 2 ), mean (SD) 1.1 (0.8) 1.3 (1.0) 1.6 (1.1) <0.01 <0.01
Availability of sports facilities (#/km 2 ), mean (SD) 0.6 (0.3) 0.6 (0.4) 0.7 (0.4) 0.03 <0.01
Availability of public natural spaces (km 2 /km 2 ), mean (SD) 0.1 (0.1) 0.1 (0.1) 0.2 (0.1) 0.55 0.07
Distance to a sports facility (km), mean (SD) 1.7 (1.5) 1.4 (1.5) 0.9 (1.2) <0.01 <0.01
Motivational and situational factors (% that answered often or always)      
Do the following factors influence whether you choose this transport modea when travelling these distances?’      
The weather 51.0 36.1 21.3 <0.01 <0.01
I am used to travelling by this transport mode 66.7 85.6 71.3 <0.01 0.32
It depends on whether I feel like using this transport mode 21.4 28.6 27.9 0.01 0.11
My health/health in general 15.5 62.8 57.4 <0.01 <0.01
Whether there is a cycle parking at my destination 7.1 13.8 8.1 <0.01 0.69
Season     0.96 0.08
Winter 28.7 27.8 18.4   
Spring 21.6 20.8 26.5   
Summer 24.8 26.0 24.3   
Autumn 24.8 25.4 30.9   
Perceived route features (% that answered often or always)      
If you travel to the sports facility within a radius of 7.5 km, do you choose this transport modea because you…      
Safety      
Consider the road traffic situation unsafe when using the other 2 transport modesb 5.2 2.4 4.4 0.02 0.70
Feel unsafe when travelling by the other 2 transport modesb because of criminality 3.4 2.4 2.9 0.34 0.79
Bother by noise, odour and vibrations      
Are bothered by noise when travelling by the other 2 transport modesb 1.1 2.0 2.2 0.28 0.35
Are bothered by odour when travelling by the other 2 transport modesb 1.4 1.8 2.2 0.56 0.49
Are bothered by vibrations when travelling by the other 2 transport modesb 1.1 1.5 1.5 0.65 0.76
Do the following factors influence your choice of using this transport mode when you travel these distances?      
Route convenience      
Whether the distance to my destination is shorter 15.7 38.1 44.1 <0.01 <0.01
Whether it takes less time to reach my destination 54.0 44.8 39.7 <0.01 <0.01
Whether my destination is easy to reach 44.2 52.1 51.5 0.01 0.14
Whether I encounter a lot of traffic lights 8.4 11.8 10.3 0.09 0.50
Whether I encounter obstacles aimed at speed reduction (such as bumps in the road or road narrowings) 6.4 9.0 8.1 0.13 0.49
Whether I am forced to make a detour to reach my destination would I use either of the other 2 transport modesb 6.8 15.3 13.2 <0.01 0.02
Visual aspects      
What I see/encounter during the trip 4.3 14.0 13.2 <0.01 <0.01
Who I see/encounter during the trip 3.4 12.0 9.6 <0.01 <0.01
  1. yrs = years; SD = standard deviation; h/wk = hour per week; wk = week; km = kilometre; # = number
  2. aIn this question, the interpretation of ‘this transport mode’ depends on the categorisation of the respondent into a transport mode (i.e. car user, cyclist, walker). If someone was a car user, this transport mode was replaced by ‘to use the car’; if someone was a cyclist, it was replaced by ‘to cycle’; and if someone was a walker, it was replaced by ‘to walk’
  3. bIf someone was categorised as a car user, the 2 other transport modes are cycling and walking; if someone was a cyclists, the other 2 transport modes are using the car and walking, if someone was a walker the other transport mode are using the car and cycling