Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Angular displacement (degrees) at each of three applied ankle dorsiflexion torques, and stiffness coefficients between 0.1 and 0.2 Nm · kg−1 measured in knee extended and flexed positions (mean (SD))

From: Deep soft-tissue massage applied to healthy calf muscle has no effect on passive mechanical properties: a randomized, single-blind, cross-over study

  Knee extended Knee flexed
0.1 Nm.kg−1 0.15 Nm.kg−1 0.2 Nm.kg−1 Stiffness coefficient (k) 0.1 Nm.kg−1 0.15 Nm.kg−1 0.2 Nm.kg−1 Stiffness coefficient (k)
Pre-treatment Heat pack 4.4 [5.7] 10.6 [5.9] 19.0 [6.3] 21.0 [3.7] 14.3 [5.7] 22.0 [6.3] 31.4 [6.9] 23.1 [4.4]
Heat control 3.8 [5.8] 10.2 [6.1] 19.3 [6.6] 21.6 [6.4] 13.6 [5.3] 21.7 [5.5] 31.8 [6.8] 23.5 [6.4]
Massage 3.6 [5.7] 10.1 [5.9] 19.1 [7.1] 21.9 [5.5] 13.4 [6.6] 21.2 [6.0] 30.9 [5.9] 24.3 [6.5]
Massage control 3.6 [6.2] 9.7 [6.5] 18.3 [6.9] 21.4 [2.9] 14.4 [7.3] 21.6 [7.5] 30.6 [7.2] 23.4 [3.3]
Post-treatment Heat pack 5.4 [5.5] 11.5 [5.4] 19.7 [5.9] 21.6 [3.7] 13.7 [6.9] 21.4 [7.2] 30.7 [7.6] 23.7 [4.2]
Heat control 4.1 [5.2] 10.6 [5.5] 19.3 [6.5] 21.7 [6.0] 13.6 [5.9] 21.5 [6.0] 31.3 [7.0] 24.1 [6.8]
Massage 4.4 [5.9] 11.0 [6.1] 19.7 [7.7] 22.6 [5.9] 14.0 [7.0] 22.2 [7.0] 32.2 [7.5] 24.2 [6.8]
Massage control 4.5 [5.8] 10.6 [6.0] 19.1 [6.6] 21.7 [3.5] 14.3 [7.3] 21.8 [7.3] 30.8 [6.8] 23.6 [3.6]
30’ post treatment Heat pack 4.4 [5.3] 10.5 [5.4] 18.8 [5.9] 21.2 [3.7] 14.5 [6.6] 22.0 [7.1] 31.1 [7..6] 23.5 [4.6]
Heat control 4.3 [5.3] 10.6 [5.9] 19.4 [6.7] 21.8 [5.9] 14.2 [5.9] 21.9 [6.1] 31.5 [7.0] 23.9 [6.7]
Massage 3.8 [6.6] 10.4 [7.1] 19.1 [8.3] 22.3 [6.8] 13.3 [6.6] 21.7 [6.7] 31.6 [7.5] 24.0 [6.7]
Massage control 4.4 [5.7] 10.5 [6.0] 18.8 [6.7] 21.5 [3.7] 14.6 [6.9] 22.1 [7.2] 30.9 [7.4] 23.7 [4.4]