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Table 5 Serum cytokine concentrations analysed by sex and tendon status (excluding observations with CV >15 %)

From: A pilot study on biomarkers for tendinopathy: lower levels of serum TNF-α and other cytokines in females but not males with Achilles tendinopathy

  Male Female
Analyte (pg/mL) Normal Tendinopathy p Normal Tendinopathy p
TNF-α 167.65 (62.11) 135.77 (30.36) 0.301 199.29 (70.22) 78.72 (61.85) 0.053
  5 13   3 5  
IL-1β 12.23 (3.79) 11.68 (2.08) 0.938 14.35 (2.60) 10.12 (4.37) 0.059
  6 15   4 7  
bFGF 79.67 (32.30) 75.56 (25.30) 0.883 54.35 (15.56) 56.00 (2.26) 0.807
  5 13   4 5  
INF-γ 168.99 (72.33) 150.92 (42.14) 0.876 176.99 (91.78) 139.22 (34.25) 0.796
  6 15   3 6  
PDGF-BB 11108.4 (3378.3) 11181.3 (2857.4) 0.640 13441.1 (613.2) 10808.5 (4737.3) 0.023
  6 15   4 7  
VEGF 238.97 (155.33) 240.24 (130.65) 0.876 156.12 (70.7) 209.69 (70.28) 0.297
  6 15   4 5