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Table 3 Adjusted post-intervention between group difference (ANCOVA) and within-group change over time mean differences (95 % CI) and for outcome measures

From: Exergaming (XBOX Kinect™) versus traditional gym-based exercise for postural control, flow and technology acceptance in healthy adults: a randomised controlled trial

  Adjusted post-intervention difference between groups (ANCOVA) Within-group change over time (Mixed ANOVA)
Outcome XBOX™ - TGB XBOX™ Traditional gym based (TGB)- Exercise
AP SD −0.20 (−1.12 to 0.78) 0.50 (−0.62 to 0.72) −0.45 (−1.24 to 0.34)
AP Range −1.77 (−6.13 to 2.59) 2.74 (−0.39 to 5.86) 0.72 (−4.30 to 2.85)
ML SD −0.42 (−0.93 to 0.80) 0.79 (0.36 to 1.22)* 0.04 (−0.55 to 0.63)
ML Range −3.83 (−6.41 to −1.23)** 5.44 (2.78 to 8.10)* 0.37 (−3.78 to 4.52)
COP Velocity −0.32 (−4.88 to 4.24) 6.81 (1.93 to 11.70)** 2.67 (−0.78 to 6.13)
Performance Expectancy (PE) 0.78 (0.19 to 1.38)* −0.89 (−1.33 to −0.43)* −0.02 (−0.72 to 0.67)
Effort Expectancy (EE) 0.53 (−0.70 to 1.12) −0.94 (−1.52 to −0.37)** −0.25 (−0.86 to 0.36)
Social influence (SI) 1.32 (0.59 to 2.05)** −0.40 (−0.94 to 0.13) ** 0.64 (−0.10 to 1.39)
Facilitating Conditions (FC) 0.67 (−0.08 to 1.42) 0.01 (−0.33 to 0.36) 0.62 (−0.25 to 1.48)
Behavioural Intention (BI) 1.36 (0.65 to 2.01)*** 0.88 (−1.42 to −0.35)*** 0.65 (0.14 to 1.45)
Autotelic Experience 0.35 (−0.09 to 0.79) −0.18 (−0.46 to 0.09) −0.05 (−0.42 to 0.33)
Clear Goals 0.34 (−0.01 to 0.69) −0.16 (−0.36 to 0.03) −0.12 (−0.35 to 0.33)
Challenge-Skill Balance 0.33 (−0.04 to 0.70) −0.25 (−0.44 to −0.57)* −0.14 (−0.51 to 0.23)
Concentration of Task 0.45 (0.05 to 0.85)* −0.11 (−0.34 to 0.11) −0.00 (−0.36 to 0.36)
Paradox of Control 0.52 (0.10 to 0.94)* −0.21 (−0.53 to 0.120 0.07 (−0.35 to 0.31)
Unambiguous Feedback 0.33 (−0.06 to 0.73)* −0.23 (−0.46 to −0.00) −0.11 (−0.52 to 0.31)
Action-Awareness Merging 0.44 (0.05 to 0.82)* −0.33 (−0.54 to −0.11) −0.05 (−0.45 to 0.35)
Transformation of Time 0.60 (0.06 to 1.14)* −0.30 (−0.55 to 0.06) −0.01 (−0.51 to 0.49)
Loss of Self-Consciousness 0.38 (0.007 to 0.75)* −0.22 (−0.50 to 0.50)* −0.32 (−0.07 to 0.70)
HR 0.37 (−6.05 to 6.79) −32.65 (−39.79 to −25.51)*** −33.71 (−43.89 to −25.59)***
RPE −1.01 (−1.60 to −0.45)*** −3.83 (−4.46 to −3.20)*** −5.00 (−5.58 to −4.42)***
  1. *p < 0.05. **p < 0.01. ***p < 0.001