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Table 3 Number (frequency: [n]) of athletes categorized as “No Back Pain Developers” (nBPD) and “Back Pain Developers” (BPD) in each sport

From: Incidence of back pain in adolescent athletes: a prospective study

Category Sport nBPD (n) BPD (n) Incidence [%]
A: combat sports Boxing (n = 11) 9 2 18
Karate (n = 1) 1 0 0
Judo (n = 15) 13 2 13
Wrestling (n = 35) 33 2 6
B: game sports Soccer (n = 41) 35 6 15
Handball (n = 28) 25 3 11
Volleyball (n = 11) 8 3 27
C: explosive strength sports Bob (n = 1) 1 0 0
Artistic gymnastic (n = 4) 4 0 0
Weight lifting (n = 9) 8 1 11
Athletics track & field (n = 32) 30 2 6
Modern pentathlon (n = 7) 7 0 0
D: endurance sports with strength component Canoeing (n = 17) 15 2 12
Cycling (n = 16) 15 1 6
Horse riding (n = 45) 42 3 7
Rowing (n = 24) 20 4 17
Swimming (n = 17) 16 1 6
Shooting (n = 5) 5 0 0
Triathlon (n = 2) 2 0 0