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Table 2 Number of total responses and the popular response themes from free text answers for the perceived effectiveness of five recovery strategies

From: Team sport athletes’ perceptions and use of recovery strategies: a mixed-methods survey study

  Active, land-based recovery (ALB) Active, water-based recovery (AWB) Stretching (STR) Cold water immersion (CWI) Contrast water therapy (CWT)
Physical Benefit N = 23
Improves range of movement (8)
Loosens (4)
Reduces injury (4)
N = 41
Improves range of movement (13)
Less stress/strain on body (8)
Non weight bearing (6)
N = 80
Improves range of movement (25)
Reduces tightness (23)
Loosens (20)
N = 5
Reduces tightness (2)
N = 2
Reduces stiffness (2)
Physiological benefit N = 18
Warm/cool down (9)
Removes lactic acid (3)
Blood flow (3)
N = 29
Cools (11)
Blood flow (7)
Pressure (4)
N = 23
Blood flow (7)
Removes lactic acid (3)
Heals muscles (3)
N = 35
Reduces swelling/inflammation (16)
Cools (11)
Removes lactic acid (4)
N = 14
Cools (6)
Blood flow (3)
Reduces swelling/inflammation (3)
Psychological benefit N = 19
Decreases soreness (8)
Relax (7)
Unwind (4)
N = 44
Relax (23)
Decreases soreness (10)
Freshens (9)
N = 51
Decreases soreness (23)
Relax (21)
Feel better (4)
N = 41
Relax (15)
Decreases soreness (11)
Feels good (10)
N = 23
Decreases soreness (9)
Relax (6)
Feel better (4)
General/unspecified benefit N = 10
It works (3)
N = 16
Helps recovery (3)
Relatively effective/helpful (2)
N = 22
Helps recovery (10)
N = 21
Helps recovery (13)
Speeds recovery (4)
Limited facilities (2)
N = 13
Helps recovery (7)
Speeds recovery (3)
Sceptical/unsure/neutral N = 13
Don’t feel better (5)
Don’t know (3)
Sceptical if it works (2)
N = 3
Other recoveries better (1)
Don’t feel better (1)
Don’t know (1)
N = 5
Don’t feel better (2)
N = 4
Don’t know (2)
Don’t feel better (1)
Am not convinced of the science of it (1)
N = 1
Don’t feel better (1)
Did not answer N = 71 N = 29 N =38 N =31 N = 22