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Table 1 Influence of characteristics of a healthy and welcoming environment: Longitudinal changes within cohorts and differences between cohorts

From: The influence of a Healthy Welcoming Environment on participation in club sport by adolescent girls: a longitudinal study

Characteristic Indicatorb Cohort (school year level in 2008) and wave (calendar year) Statistically significant difference between cohorts
Year 7 (n = 328a) Year 11 (n = 112a)
2008 2009 2010 Statistically significant linear trend 2008 2009 2010 Statistically significant linear trend
n = 292c
89%
n = 292c
89%
n = 298c
91%
p-value Sign n = 102c
91%
n = 104c
93%
n = 100c
89%
p-value Sign p-value Signd
Healthy Environment
 The club is smoke free % Yes 62 53 50 0.004 - 60 61 54     
 The club has Sunsmart practices % Yes 41 30 30 0.002 - 26 27 26     
 The club is responsible in the serving of alcohol % Yes 34 35 34    24 34 41 0.005 +   
 The club has injury prevention strategies in place % Yes 71 69 73    67 70 74     
Welcoming environment
 Knowing someone at a club % Yes 87 89 90    90 91 89     
 Friendliness of the coach % Yes 80 85 87 0.045 + 86 84 90     
 Skill and/or experience of the coach % Yes 63 64 67    80 74 74    0.002 +
 The day/time of competition/practice sessions % Yes 76 74 79    67 77 77     
 The club is friendly % Yes 92 92 95    95 97 97     
  1. aSample sizes: girls who completed all three waves of the survey
  2. bThe indicator for each characteristic is the percentage of girls who indicated that the characteristic was positively influential
  3. cSample sizes: girls who stated that they were currently or formerly a member of a sports club in each of the three waves of the survey; percentage of all respondents
  4. dYear 11 versus Year 7