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Table 2 Influence of characteristics of a healthy and welcoming environment: Longitudinal changes within regions and differences between regions

From: The influence of a Healthy Welcoming Environment on participation in club sport by adolescent girls: a longitudinal study

Characteristic Indicatorb Region and wave (calendar year) Statistically significant difference between regions
Metropolitan (n = 315a) Non-metropolitan (n = 125a)
2008 2009 2010 Statistically significant linear trend 2008 2009 2010 Statistically significant linear trend
n = 274c n = 282c n = 280c p-value Sign n = 120c n = 120c n = 118c p-value Sign p-value Signd
Healthy environment
 The club is smoke free % Yes 63 54 52 0.017 - 60 57 47 0.040 -   
 The club has Sunsmart practices % Yes 38 28 28 0.006 - 35 34 31     
 The club is responsible in the serving of alcohol % Yes 31 32 33    34 41 43    0.041 +
 The club has injury prevention strategies in place % Yes 70 71 76    70 67 68     
Welcoming environment
 Knowing someone at a club % Yes 87 90 87    90 91 95     
 Friendliness of the coach % Yes 80 83 87    84 88 89     
 Skill and/or experience of the coach % Yes 68 66 66    66 69 76     
 The day/time of competition/practice sessions % Yes 74 75 77    75 74 81     
 The club is friendly % Yes 92 92 94    97 97 100    <0.001 +
  1. aSample sizes: girls who completed all three waves of the survey
  2. bThe indicator for each characteristic is the percentage of girls who indicated that the characteristic was positively influential
  3. cSample sizes: girls who stated that they were currently or formerly a member of a sports club in each of the three waves of the survey
  4. dNon-metropolitan versus Metropolitan