Measure |
1st trim. Mean ± SD |
2nd trim. Mean ± SD |
3rd trim. Mean ± SD | Sig. (p) |
---|---|---|---|---|
Participants _{(n)}^{z} | 14 | 20 | 10 | |
Age _{(years)} | 28.1 ± 5.5 | 27.1 ± 6.1 | 26.6 ± 6.6 | 0.83 |
Gestation _{(wks)} | 12.1 ± 2.2 | 22.3 ± 2.6 | 31.4 ± 2.6 | – |
Height _{(cm)} | 160.8 ± 5.9 | 160.2 ± 6.8 | 161.4 ± 7.2 | 0.89 |
Mass _{(kg)} | 62.7 ± 10.5 | 71.3 ± 16.6 | 78.8 ± 14.7 | 0.08 |
BMI _{(kg/m}^{2}_{)} | 24.3 ± 4.0 | 27.7 ± 6.2 | 29.9 ± 4.9 | 0.08 |
M_{gain (kg)} | 1.1 ± 3.1^{a,c} | 5.3 ± 2.8^{b,c} | 13.8 ± 7.9^{a,b} | 0.00^{***} |
S _{(m/s)} | 1.09 ± 0.07 | 1.10 ± 0.11 | 1.01 ± 0.19 | 0.16 |
Stride length^{*} | 0.69 ± 0.06 | 0.72 ± 0.06 | 0.70 ± 0.05 | 0.17 |
Step width^{*} | 0.06 ± 0.02 | 0.07 ± 0.02 | 0.07 ± 0.02 | 0.30 |
DS time _{(s)} | 0.12 ± 0.03 | 0.11 ± 0.03 | 0.13 ± 0.06 | 0.35 |
COG_{V (cm)} | 3.37 ± 0.56 | 3.55 ± 0.73 | 3.22 ± 0.726 | 0.53 |
COG_{ML (cm)} | 2.06 ± 0.42^{a} | 2.34 ± 0.89^{b} | 3.26 ± 0.57^{a,b} | 0.001^{**} |
REE (_{kcal/day)} | 1405.7 ± 183.7 | 1488.1 ± 190.0 | 1578.0 ± 216.1 | 0.12 |
REE _{(kcal/kg/day)} | 22.7 ± 2.6 | 21.4 ± 2.5 | 20.9 ± 2.2 | 0.40 |
Gross O_{2 (ml/kg/min)} | 10.93 ± 2.46 | 9.66 ± 1.45 | 10.39 ± 2.01 | 0.26 |
Gross O_{2 (ml/kg/m)} | 0.17 ± 0.04 | 0.15 ± 0.02 | 0.17 ± 0.03 | 0.16 |
Net O_{2 (ml/kg/min)} | 9.15 ± 3.26 | 8.04 ± 2.72 | 8.51 ± 3.69 | 0.60 |
Net O_{2 (ml/kg/m)} | 0.12 ± 0.04 | 0.10 ± 0.02 | 0.12 ± 0.02 | 0.16 |
RQ | 0.90 ± 0.11^{b} | 0.89 ± 0.06^{a} | 0.96 ± 0.02^{a,b} | 0.04^{*} |