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Table 3 Back pain and hip pain associated with knee pain and ankle pain among youth soccer players

From: Association between trunk pain and lower extremity pain among youth soccer players: a cross-sectional study

Pain sites Back pain P value Hip pain P value
  absence (n = 1,103) presence (n = 36)   absence (n = 1,099) presence (n = 40)  
Knee pain (n = 107)
 OR (95% CI)a 1.00 10.07 (5.06-20.06) <0.001 1.00 5.83 (2.94-11.54) <0.001
 Adjusted OR (95% CI)b 1.00 7.63 (3.70-15.76) <0.001 1.00 3.84 (1.89-7.83) <0.001
Ankle pain (n = 152)
 OR (95% CI)a 1.00 9.20 (4.65-18.19) <0.001 1.00 6.57 (3.44-12.54) <0.001
 Adjusted OR (95% CI)b 1.00 9.03 (4.42-18.44) <0.001 1.00 5.43 (2.77-10.62) <0.001
Both knee pain and ankle pain (n = 46)
 OR (95% CI)a 1.00 15.72 (7.26-34.04) <0.001 1.00 8.33 (3.70-18.76) <0.001
 Adjusted OR (95% CI)b 1.00 13.67 (6.01-31.09) <0.001 1.00 5.98 (2.56-13.97) <0.001
  1. Reference category: Neither knee nor ankle pain
  2. OR Odds Ratio, CI Confidence Intervals
  3. a Crude model
  4. b Adjusted for sex (female or male), age (6-10 years or 11-15 years), BMI (<18.5, 18.5 to <25, or ≥25), height increase (continuous variable), number of days of training time/week (<3 or ≥3), practice time/day on weekdays (<2 or ≥2 hrs), practice time/day on weekends (<3 or ≥3 hrs), competitive levels (low or high), frequency of participation in games (frequently or not), and previous injuries (absence, presence or unknown)