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Fig. 1 | BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation

Fig. 1

From: Comparison of the kinematics and kinetics of shoulder exercises performed with constant and elastic resistance

Fig. 1

Internal and external rotation exercises performed by the participants using CR and ER. Arm positions and direction of the external force (blue arrow) differed for the various exercises. Exercises began with the concentric phase of the movement. Upper pictures correspond to the starting point of the concentric phase, lower pictures to the end point of the concentric phase

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