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Table 2 Characteristics of patients in the ACL tear group pre-surgery (sample 1: ACL) and in rehabilitation after reconstruction surgery (sample 2: ACLR), and T value for independent samples

From: Cross-cultural adaptation and measurement properties of the Dutch knee self efficacy scale (K-SES)

  ACL (N = 200) ACLR (N = 58) T.
Age (mean; SD) 23.7 (8.5) 25.9 (8.2) n.s.
Gender: % male 69.0% 43.0%  
KOOS pain (0–100) (mean; SD) 70.0 (18.2) 81.8 (17.7) 4.3**
KOOS symptoms (0–100) (mean; SD) 63.5 (20.7) 63.2 (12.8) n.s.
KOOS ADL (0–100) (mean; SD) 82.0 (17.7) 89.1 (14.2) 2.8**
KOOS Sports and Leisure (0–100) (mean; SD) 37.7 (26.6) 59.1 (30.6) 5.2**
KOOS QOL (0–100) (mean; SD) 38.7 (16.7) 48.3 (14.1) 3.9**
  1. Abbrevations: ACL Anterior Cruciate Ligament, ACLR Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction, N number of participants, n.s. not significant, KOOS Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score, ADL Activities of Daily Life, QOL Quality of Life
  2. **p < .001