Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Baseline demographics for attenders and non-attenders at exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation, n = 31 297

From: Factors associated with non-attendance at exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation

Attending exercise-based CR No Yes p-value missing, %
n = 16 214 n = 15 083
Age (years), mean (SD) 62.9 (8.3) 62.0 (8.4) < 0.001a 0.0
BMI (kg/m2), mean (SD) 27.8 (4.5) 27.7 (4.3) 0.009a 3.6
Sex, n (%)    0.058b 0.0
 - Men 12212 (75.3) 11219 (74.4)   
 - Women 4002 (24.7) 3864 (25.6)   
Occupational status, n (%)    < 0.001b 5.5
 - Employed 6152 (40.1) 6711 (47.2)   
 - Retired 8321 (54.2) 6810 (47.9)   
 - Sick leave 431 (2.8) 344 (2.4)   
 - Unemployed, student, other 435 (2.8) 365 (2.6)   
Smoking status, n (%)    < 0.001b 2.2
 - Never smoked 5002 (31.5) 5563 (37.8)   
 - Ex- smoker > 1 month 5615 (35.4) 5455 (37.0)   
 - Smoker 5252 (33.1) 3718 (25.2)   
Previous diseases, n (%)
 - AMI 2853 (17.7) 1718 (11.4) < 0.001b 0.4
 - PCI 2339 (14.5) 1407 (9.4) < 0.001b 0.4
 - CABG 1100 (6.8) 576 (3.8) < 0.001b 0.2
 - Diabetes 3150 (19.5) 2326 (15.5) < 0.001b 0.2
 - Hypertension 7049 (43.8) 6406 (42.7) 0.057b 0.6
 - Chronic heart failure 625 (4.0) 386 (2.6) < 0.001b 3.3
 - Stroke 736 (4.6) 431 (2.9) < 0.001b 0.3
Type of index cardiac event, n (%)    < 0.001b 0.0
 - STEMI 5986 (36.9) 6279 (41.6)   
 - NSTEMI 10228 (63.1) 8804 (58.4)   
Type of index cardiac intervention, n (%)
 - PCI 13204 (81.4) 12588 (83.5) < 0.001b 0.0
 - CABG 644 (4.0) 878 (5.8) < 0.001b 0.0
Left ventricular function, n (%)    < 0.001b 13.0
 - Normal 9288 (66.5) 9091 (68.5)   
 - Lightly reduced 2767 (19.8) 2648 (19.9)   
 - Moderate/severely reduced 1903 (13.6) 1535 (11.6)   
Medication, n (%)
 - ACE 10979 (67.7) 10313 (68.4) 0.025b 0.1
 - ARB 2697 (16.6) 2613 (17.3) 0.108b 0.1
 - Anticoagulants 1014 (6.3) 805 (5.4) 0.001b 0.1
 - Other platelet inhibitors 14951 (92.2) 13857 (91.9) < 0.01b 0.1
 - ASA 15623 (96.4) 14655 (97.2) < 0.001b < 0.1
 - Beta-blockers 14744 (91.0) 13889 (92.1) < 0.001b < 0.1
Statins 15691 (96.8) 14809 (98.2) < 0.001b < 0.1
Distance to hospital, median (IQR) 11.3 (4.4–25.3) 18.3 (5.8–34.3) < 0.001c 1.6
Type of hospital, n (%)    < 0.001b 0.0
 - University hospital 3462 (21.4) 3982 (26.4)   
 - County hospital 7079 (43.7) 5698 (37.8)   
 - District hospital 5673 (35.0) 5403 (35.8)   
  1. CR cardiac rehabilitation, BMI body mass index, AMI acute myocardial infarction, PCI percutaneous coronary intervention, STEMI ST-elevation myocardial infarction, NSTEMI non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction, CABG coronary artery bypass grafting, ACE angiotensin-converting enzyme, ARB angiotensin receptor blocker, ASA acetylsalicylic acid
  2. aStudent’s t-test
  3. bChi2- test
  4. cWilcoxon test