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Table 1 Characteristics (mean (SD)) of study population at baseline and changes at follow-up

From: Long-term effects of group exercise intervention on maximal step-up height in middle-aged female primary care patients with obesity and other cardio-metabolic risk factors

n = 101T0T0–T1T0–T2
aAge52.4(11.4)0.3(0.2)1.8(0.4)
bBody composition:
Height164.0(6.3)N/AN/A
Weight77.7(16.5)−0.9(3.7)*− 0.2(5.7)
BMI28.9(5.9)−0.3(1.3)*−0.1(2.1)
Waist circumference, cn = 9994.8(15.1)0.0(0.1)−2.4(0.6)***
dExercise/PA, 5 levels, 3n = 94
(range)
2.7(1.2) (1–5) 0.6(1.2)*** (−3 − + 3)
  1. Time points: T0 = baseline measurements in a lifestyle and exercise intervention programme in female primary care patients (n = 101), T0T1 = change at follow-up after 3 months of mostly mixed aerobic fitness and strength training, T0T2 = change at 14–30-month follow-up with self-reported exercise/ physical activity registered from diaries covering 3 months before T2, mostly brisk walking. aAge (years). bBody composition; height (cm), weight (kg), BMI i.e. body mass index and waist circumference (cm). cn i.e. number analysed per protocol. dExercise/physical activity for fitness, health and wellness; 1 = never, 2 = now and then, 3 = 1–2 times/week, 4 = 3–5 times/week and 5 = more than 5 times/week. Standard deviation = (SD). * Denotes p-level < 0.05; *** denotes p-level < 0.001