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Table 3 Baseline levels and changes (mean (SD)) after 3 and 14–30 months in main outcomes

From: Long-term effects of group exercise intervention on maximal step-up height in middle-aged female primary care patients with obesity and other cardio-metabolic risk factors

T0T0 — T1 T0 — T2
Total group
 (n = 101)
  Age52.4(11.4)+ 0.3(0.2)***+ 1.8 (0.4) ***
  MSH27.2(5.7)+ 1.5(2.2) ***−2.4 (3.0) ***
  Waist cm94.8(15.1+ 0.0(4.1)− 2.4(6.6) ***
  VO2- max27.5(7.3)+ 5.4(5.9) ***+ 1.9(5.6) **
MSH subgroups
 MSH a (n = 27)
  age48.9(13.3) + 1.6(0.3) ***
  MSH26.7(4.1)+ 2.2(2.3) ***+ 0.9(1.7) *
  waist cm94.6(13.9)−0.5(6.1)−4.7(8.7) *
  VO2- max28.3(5.8)+ 7.3(6.6) ***+ 4.7(6.0) **
 MSH b (n = 40)
  age55.4(9.1) + 1.8(0.4) ***
  MSH27.1(5.4)+ 1,7(1.9) ***−2.3(0.8) ***
  waist cm95.7(14.0)+ 0.2(3.0)−2.1(5.7) *
  VO2- max27,1(8.6)+ 3.4(4.3) ***+ 0.5(4.7)
 MSH c (n = 22)
  age50.4(10.5) + 2.1(0.3) ***
  MSH29.6(6.0)−0.2(1.9)−6.6(1.4) ***
  waist cm91.1(15.0)+ 0.8(3.1)+ 0.4(4.6)
  VO2- max27.5(5.8)+ 7.9(6.3) ***+ 2.1(6.2)
Age subgroups
 Age a (n = 32)
  age39.6(5.6) + 1.9(0.4) ***
  MSH31,2(3.8)+ 1.5(2.7) **−2.1(3.9) **
  waist cm89.7(14.9)+ 0.2(4.7)−2.8(7.8)
  VO2- max33,0(6.5)+ 6.1(6.1) ***+ 3.6(6.3) **
 Age b (n = 31)
  age52.9(2.6) + 1.8(0.4) ***
  MSH26.2(4.7)+ 1.4(1.6) ***−2.2(2.4) ***
  waist cm96,7(14.3)−0.3(3.4)−2.5(5.9) *
  VO2- max23.8(5.3)+ 5.2(6.5) ***+ 1.1(5.2)
 Age c (n = 35)
  age64.2(6.5) + 1.8(0.3) ***
  MSH24,5(5.4)+ 1.6(2.2) ***−2.9(2.7) ***
  waist cm97.7(15.3)+ 0.2(4.2)−1.8(6.2)
  VO2- max25.9(6.0)+ 4.6(5.0) **+ 0.5(4.9)
  1. Time points; T0 = baseline, T1 = follow-up after 3 months on the intervention program and T2 = follow-up after 14–30 months. Analyzed intention to treat. MSH subgroups according to level of maintenance; MSH a = highest, MSH b = medium and MSH c = lowest. * = p < 0,05, ** = < 0,01, *** = < 0,001