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Table 2 List of eligible publications and key features

From: Kinesiotaping for postoperative oedema – what is the evidence? A systematic review

AuthorsResearch methodologyPopulation/PatientsSurgical interventionArea of applicationInterventionComparison/ControlOutcomesFollow upDrop out RateConclusion for reduction of edema
Bialoszewski et al. [12]
2009
RCT single center24 patients age 15–46 yearsLeg lengthening with Ilizarov approachTight and cruskinesiotaping in addition to control treatment, picture documentation- manual lymphatic drainage- Limb circumferenceapprox. 10 day0%Leg circumference 0:
➢ Significant in 5/6 locations K-Tape
➢ Significant in 3/3 locations control
→ favours K-Tape
Boguszewski et al. [13]
2013
RCT
single center
26 patients
age 20–41 years
ACL
reconstruction
Kneekinesiotaping in addition to control treatment, detailed description- isometric exercise
- non-weight-bearing active exercises
- self-assisted exercises in closed and open kinetic chains
- proprioceptive exercises
- stationary bike workout
- ROM
- Limb circumference
- Musculoskeletal pain
- Perceived effect of physiotherapy
4 weeks0%Leg circumference at knee level 0:
➢ High levels of significance at early time points K-Tape
➢ Low levels of significance at early time points control
→ favours K-Tape
Balki et al. [14]
2016
RCT
single center
30 patients
age 18–39 years; mean age 28.1 years
ACL reconstructionKneeKinesiotaping and physiotherapy- Sham taping
- physiotherapy
- Pain
- Swelling
- ROM
- muscular strenght
 0%Leg circumference 0:
➢ Significant difference midpatellar day 5, in 3/3 locations day 10 postop.
→ favours K-Tape
Chan et al. [15]
2017
RCT
single center
60 patients average age 26.85 yearsACL
reconstruction
Kneekinesiotaping in addition to control treatment,
detailed description
- soft tissue mobilization - joint mobilization
- gait retraining - therapeutic exercise
- electrical physical modalities
- Pain score
- Lysholm–Tegner Score
- Mid Patellar Girth
- ROM
6 weeks0%Leg circumference at knee level 0:
➢ No significant difference at early or late time points
→ no favour
Donec et al. [16]
2014
RCT
single center
89 patients
average age 67.35 years
primary total knee replacement surgeryKneekinesiotaping in addition to control treatment,
detailed description and picture documentation
- intermittent pneumatic compression
- physiotherapy
- early mobilization
- occupational therapy
- massage
- TENS
- laser therapy
- paraffin therapy
- psychologist and social work care
- Pain score
- Reduction of edema
- ROM
28 days5%Leg circumference at the level of the tight, knee and calf0:
➢ Significant differences at early postoperative time points
Leg circumference at the level of the ankle joint 0:
➢ No significant differences between treatment groups
→ favours K-Tape
Windisch et al. [11]
2017
Prospective with historical control
single center
42 patients
age range 47–86 years
Total knee replacementKneekinesiotaping (detailed description and picture documentation) instead of AV Impulse System™- AV Impulse System™ 24 h unless during active physiotherapy and ADL training
- physiotherapeutic regime including continuous passive motion and active treatment
- training activities of daily living (ADL)
- Duration of postoperative wound secretion
- Leg circumference
- thermographic temperature determination
7 days0%Leg circumference 0:
➢ no significant difference at any time or measuring point
→ no favour
Gülenç et al. [17]2018RCT
single center
42 patients, older than 18 years,
mean age control group: 42.25 years
mean age intervention group: 40.6 years
Knee arthroscopyKneeKinesiotaping, detailed description and picture documentationSham taping- Pain score- Limb diameter6 weeks16%Limb circumference at the level of the thigh and ankle:
➢ No significant difference at early or late time points
Limb circumference at the knee level:
➢ Significant difference at early and late time points
Limb circumference at calf level:
➢ Significant difference at late time points
→ favours K-Tape
Gülenç et al. [18]2019RCT
single center
58 patients, 18–50 yearsShoulder arthroscopyShoulderKinesiotaping, detailed description and picture documentationSham taping, detailed description and picture documentation- Pain score- Shoulder diameter6 weeks14%Upper shoulder diameter:
➢ No significant difference at early or late time points
Lower shoulder diameter:
➢ Significant difference during follow up, but not on first or last measurement
→ favours K-Tape
Ristow et al. [19]
2013
RCT
single center
26 patients
age range 18–75 years
ORIF of unilateral mandibular fracturesHead/Neckkinesiotaping in addition to control treatment,
detailed description and picture documentation
- cooling
- analgesia
- antibiotic treatment
- Extent of max. Swelling
- Extent of swelling on postoperative days 1–3
- Time of maximal swelling
- Extent of detumescence within 1d of max. Swelling
- Interincisal distance
- Pain
- Subjective outcomes on tape comfort
- Movement limitation through tape
- Subjective sensation of swelling
- Patient satisfaction
7 days0%Face surface (sum of measurement lines) 1:
➢ Non-significant differences from max. Swelling to the day after
➢ Significant differences for increase of swelling
→ favours K-Tape
Ristow et al. [16]
2014a
RCT
single center
40 patients
average age 27 years
Removal of bilateral upper and lower wisdom teethHead/Neckkinesiotaping in addition to control treatment,
detailed description and picture documentation
- cooling
- analgesia
- Change in facial surface between day 0 and day 2
- Extent of max. Swelling
- Time of maximal swelling
- Extent of detumescence within 1d of max. Swelling
- Pain
- Mouth opening
- Subjective outcomes on tape comfort
- Movement limitation through tape
- Subjective sensation of swelling
- Patient satisfaction
7 days0%Face surface (sum of measurement lines) 1:
➢ Significant differences from max. Swelling to the day after
➢ Significant differences for increase of swelling
→ favours K-Tape
Ristow et al. [20]
2014b
RCT
single center
30 patients
age range 18–74 years
ORIF of zygomatico-orbital/ zygomatic-maxillary fractures involving the orbital floorHead/Neckkinesiotaping in addition to control treatment,
detailed description and picture documentation
- cooling
- analgesia
- Increase of swelling
- Extent of maximal swelling
- Time of maximal swelling
- Extent of detumescence within 1d of max. Swelling
- Pain
- Mouth opening
- Subjective outcomes on tape comfort
- Movement limitation through tape
- Subjective sensation of swelling
- Patient satisfaction
7 days0%Face surface (sum of measurement lines) 1:
➢ Non-significant differences from max. Swelling to the day after
➢ Significant differences for increase of swelling
→ favours K-Tape
Tozzi et al. [21]
2016
RCT
single center
24 patients
age range 18–37 years
Bimaxillary orthognathic surgeryHead/Neckkinesiotaping in addition to control treatment,
detailed description and picture documentation
- perioperative steroids- Change in facial surface between day 0 and day 2
- Pain
- Mouth opening
4 days0%Face surface (3D molding) 1:
➢ Significant differences for increase of swelling
→ favours K-Tape