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Table 2 Self-customized pipes, corresponding weight and weight-mass properties

From: Neuromuscular shoulder activity during exercises with different combinations of stable and unstable weight mass

Pipe characteristicMassTotal Weight
Pemptystable0.5 kg
PWwater filledunstable1 kg
PGweight addedstable4.5 kg
PWGwater + weightunstable4.5 kg
  1. All pipes have same baseline characteristics: length 50 cm, diameter 6.3cm, orange PVC plastic