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Table 1 Sample characteristics

From: Lower extremity compression garments use by athletes: why, how often, and perceived benefit

  Endurance athletes (n = 451) Non-endurance athletes (n = 61) P-value
Basic characteristics
 Sex, Female/Male, n (%) 255/196 (56.5/43.5) 39/22 (63.9/36.1) 0.273*
 Age years, median (IQR) 41 (34.0-48.0) 34.0 (23.5-42.0) 0.739
 Height, cm, mean (SD) 177.6 (8.6) 174.8 (8.9) 0.756
 Body mass, kg, median (IQR) 71.0 (63.0-80.0) 72.0 (63.5-79.5) 0.782
Primary sport, n (%)
 Running 382 (84.7) -   
 Trail running 5 (1.1) -   
 Road cycling/ mountain biking/ tour cycling 24 (5.3) -   
 Triathlon 27 (6.0) -   
 (Nordic) Walking/ racewalking 6 (1.3) -   
 Canicross 5 (1.0) -   
 Spinning 1 (0.2) -   
 Speed skating 1 (0.2) -   
 Soccer -   2 (3.2)  
 Hockey -   3 (4.9)  
 Korfball -   3 (4.9)  
 Basketball -   1 (1.6)  
 Handball -   1 (1.6)  
 Athletics -   6 (9.8)  
 Tennis -   8 (13.1)  
 Volleyball -   4 (6.6)  
 Fitness (cardio and strength training) -   10 (16.4)  
 Obstacle course racing / survival running -   15 (24.6)  
 Bootcamp -   2 (3.2)  
 Kickboxing -   3 (4.9)  
 Other 1 (0.2) 3 (4.9)  
Number of sports in which athlete participated, n (%)
 1 sport 105 (23.6) 10 (16.4)  
 2 sports 199 (44.7) 22 (36.1)  
 3 sports 141 (31.7) 27 (44.3)  
Primary sport
 Average training load/week during the last 3-months, hours, median (IQR) 4.0 (2.8-5.0) 3.0 (3.0-5.0) 0.900
 Could not train for primary sport because of sports injury, n (%) 10 (2.2) 1 (1.7)  
 Competition participation during the last 12 months, median (IQR) 12.0 (5.0-24.0) 30 (12.0-52.0) <0.001
Secondary sport
 Average training load/week during the last 3 months, hours, median (IQR) 2.0 (1.0-3.0) 2.0 (2.0-3.0) 0.090
 Could not train for secondary sport because of sports injury 11 (3.2) 1 (2.0)  
 Competition participation during the last 12 months, median (IQR) 12.0 (2.0-12.0) 12.0 (3.2-21.0) 0.462
Tertiary sport
 Average training load/week during the last 3 months, hours, median (IQR) 1.0 (1.0-3.0) 2.0 (1.0-3.0) 0.557
 Could not train for secondary sport because of sports injury 0 (0) 0 (0)  
 Competition participation during the last 12 months, median (IQR) 7.0 (2.0-18.0) 8.0 (3.5-12.0) 0.890
 Total§ average training load/week during the last 3 months, hours, median (IQR) 5.0 (4.0-8.0) 6.0 (5.0-10.0) 0.038
 Total§ competition participation during the last 12 months, median (IQR) 12.0 (6.0-24.0) 36.0 (12.0-52.0) <0.001
Average running distance per week during the last 3 months for athletes whose primary sport was running, kilometres (n = 381), n (%)
 0-5 20 (5.2) -   
 6-10 39 (10.2) -   
 11-22 109 (28.6) -   
 23-42 150 (39.4) -   
 >42 63 (16.5) -   
Type of CGs, n (%)
 PRO sports compression sock 259 (57.4) 44 (72.1)  
 PRO sports compression tube 127 (28.2) 11 (18.0)  
 Herzog ankle compression socks 34 (7.5) 4 (6.6)  
 Active compression garments 24 (5.3) 2 (3.3)  
 Thigh support (hamstring garment) 2 (0.4) 0 (0.0)  
 PRO compressive knee support garment 2 (0.4) 0 (0.0)  
 Other Herzog compression garment 3 (0.7) 0 (0.0)  
  1. Abbreviation: SD standard deviation, IQR 25 to 75% inter-quartile range
  2. *Tested using a chi-squared test
  3. Tested using Mann-Whitney U-test
  4. tested using t-test
  5. §Total regards the sum of the primary, secondary, and tertiary sports