Skip to main content

Table 4 Factors associated with current lower leg sports injuries

From: Lower extremity compression garments use by athletes: why, how often, and perceived benefit

   Model adjusted for age and sex Multivariate regression analysis (n=319)
Variable Sample size* Odds ratio (95% CI) Odds ratio (95% CI)
Age, years 0.99 (0.95–1.02)
Female sex 321 1.37 (0.67–2.79) 1.28 (0.61–2.69)
Body mass index 321 0.95 (0.84–1.07)   
Lower leg sports injury during the 12 months prior to this study 321 1.10 (0.54–2.22) 1.12 (0.54–2.31)
Using PRO compression socks (versus tubes) 321 1.32 (0.61–2.84)   
Use of > 1 compression garment 321 1.02 (0.48–2.14)   
Use of compression garment during the last 3 months
 Always during training and competition vs ≤often during training and competition 319 0.31 (0.13–0.77) 0.32 (0.13–0.79)
 Always during training and competition vs always after training and competition. 111 0.14 (0.01–2.81)   
Training parameters during the last 3 months
 Average running distance per week ≥23 km 321 0.43 (0.22–0.87) 0.72 (0.53–0.99)
 Duration of training for primary sports, hours 313 0.90 (0.75–1.20)   
 Duration of training combined for primary, secondary, and tertiary sport 315 1.02 (0.94–1.20)   
Competition participation during the last 12 months
 Frequency of competition participation for primary sport 276 1.01 (0.97–1.04)   
 Frequency of competition participation for primary, secondary, and tertiary sport combined 277 1.00 (0.98–1.03)   
  1. Abbreviations; 95% CI, 95% confidence interval; km, kilometer
  2. Note: All logistic regressions analyses were performed using athletes who reported running as their primary sport and wore compression socks or tubes; bold text denotes significant association (p< 0.05);
  3. *Sample size only applies to the model adjusted for age and gender;
  4. always using a CG was defined as using a CG during 100–96% of the training sessions and competition;
  5. often or less using a CG was defined as using a CG during 96% of the training sessions and competition or less