Skip to main content

Table 4 Normalized integrated EMG (mean ± standard deviation) during dynamic balance test. Results show significant difference from control socks condition are in bold. Statistical results are presented in Table 5

From: Compression socks enhance sensory feedback to improve standing balance reactions and reflex control of walking

   Target directions
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Control socks Right TA 0.73 ± 0.30 0.80 ± 0.28 0.76 ± 0.20 0.75 ± 0.28 0.73 ± 0.22 0.86 ± 0.45 0.69 ± 0.25 0.74 ± 0.24
Right PL 0.68 ± 0.23 0.73 ± 0.23 0.77 ± 0.21 0.77 ± 0.20 0.75 ± 0.23 0.84 ± 0.41 0.74 ± 0.17 0.77 ± 0.17
Right MG 0.75 ± 0.25 0.84 ± 0.30 0.84 ± 0.25 0.89 ± 0.22 0.95 ± 0.32 0.99 ± 0.54 0.88 ± 0.23 0.97 ± 0.22
Left TA 0.66 ± 0.22 0.78 ± 0.29 0.87 ± 0.35 0.84 ± 0.32 0.75 ± 0.20 0.88 ± 0.38 0.79 ± 0.18 0.78 ± 0.23
Left PL 0.74 ± 0.26 0.76 ± 0.20 0.85 ± 0.25 0.85 ± 0.23 0.79 ± 0.24 0.88 ± 0.36 0.81 ± 0.20 0.80 ± 0.22
Left MG 0.73 ± 0.30 0.79 ± 0.30 0.87 ± 0.24 0.83 ± 0.22 0.86 ± 0.24 0.90 ± 0.36 0.83 ± 0.29 0.81 ± 0.26
Ankle compression socks Right TA 0.59 ± 0.24 0.76 ± 0.25 0.69 ± 0.19 0.69 ± 0.16 0.68 ± 0.18 0.68 ± 0.18 0.67 ± 0.20 0.72 ± 0.19
Right PL 0.54 ± 0.20 0.68 ± 0.18 0.67 ± 0.16 0.67 ± 0.16 0.64 ± 0.16 0.64 ± 0.19 0.64 ± 0.16 0.69 ± 0.18
Right MG 0.65 ± 0.23 0.74 ± 0.20 0.73 ± 0.22 0.76 ± 0.27 0.80 ± 0.32 0.80 ± 0.19 0.76 ± 0.23 0.84 ± 0.32
Left TA 0.54 ± 0.16 0.80 ± 0.21 0.73 ± 0.12 0.78 ± 0.16 0.65 ± 0.13 0.68 ± 0.22 0.73 ± 0.22 0.76 ± 0.10
Left PL 0.61 ± 0.21 0.78 ± 0.25 0.76 ± 0.18 0.77 ± 0.22 0.74 ± 0.20 0.74 ± 0.26 0.72 ± 0.21 0.80 ± 0.20
Left MG 0.61 ± 0.23 0.69 ± 0.20 0.81 ± 0.22 0.74 ± 0.23 0.75 ± 0.23 0.83 ± 0.30 0.68 ± 0.20 0.93 ± 0.38
Calf compression socks Right TA 0.62 ± 0.26 0.66 ± 0.23 0.74 ± 0.26 0.65 ± 0.16 0.63 ± 0.14 0.66 ± 0.21 0.66 ± 0.21 0.74 ± 0.24
Right PL 0.51 ± 0.15 0.58 ± 0.15 0.64 ± 0.20 0.61 ± 0.14 0.59 ± 0.14 0.63 ± 0.15 0.63 ± 0.18 0.67 ± 0.21
Right MG 0.57 ± 0.17 0.73 ± 0.23 0.86 ± 0.32 0.83 ± 0.31 0.82 ± 0.34 0.82 ± 0.25 0.87 ± 0.27 0.90 ± 0.41
Left TA 0.50 ± 0.16 0.62 ± 0.19 0.72 ± 0.23 0.62 ± 0.13 0.70 ± 0.19 0.68 ± 0.16 0.66 ± 0.17 0.72 ± 0.24
Left PL 0.56 ± 0.26 0.67 ± 0.26 0.77 ± 0.36 0.68 ± 0.25 0.74 ± 0.29 0.73 ± 0.33 0.73 ± 0.30 0.77 ± 0.33
Left MG 0.63 ± 0.23 0.74 ± 0.31 0.87 ± 0.28 0.78 ± 0.34 0.83 ± 0.33 0.82 ± 0.24 0.80 ± 0.23 0.83 ± 0.33
Ankle sleeves Right TA 0.62 ± 0.24 0.70 ± 0.21 0.68 ± 0.37 0.72 ± 0.25 0.83 ± 0.27 0.66 ± 0.21 0.74 ± 0.31 0.69 ± 0.24
Right PL 0.53 ± 0.20 0.58 ± 0.26 0.59 ± 0.22 0.59 ± 0.18 0.72 ± 0.32 0.60 ± 0.24 0.65 ± 0.32 0.57 ± 0.19
Right MG 0.58 ± 0.17 0.67 ± 0.16 0.80 ± 0.27 0.73 ± 0.26 0.86 ± 0.30 0.77 ± 0.29 0.76 ± 0.25 0.73 ± 0.25
Left TA 0.61 ± 0.22 0.67 ± 0.17 0.74 ± 0.24 0.69 ± 0.29 0.82 ± 0.24 0.65 ± 0.14 0.76 ± 0.29 0.74 ± 0.21
Left PL 0.65 ± 0.27 0.69 ± 0.20 0.69 ± 0.24 0.71 ± 0.18 0.82 ± 0.24 0.68 ± 0.21 0.73 ± 0.26 0.71 ± 0.26
Left MG 0.59 ± 0.25 0.72 ± 0.22 0.65 ± 0.21 0.72 ± 0.24 0.83 ± 0.26 0.72 ± 0.22 0.78 ± 0.18 0.73 ± 0.18