Skip to main content

Table 4 Comparison of injured and non-injured athletes (overall, thigh/hip and foot/shank) for movement, clinical and strength variables

From: Risk factors for overuse injuries in a cohort of elite Swedish track and field athletes

  OA INJ. OA NON-INJ.   T/H INJ. T/H NON-INJ.   F INJ. F NON-INJ.  
m ± SD m ± SD p rpb m ± SD m ± SD p rpb m ± SD m ± SD p rpb
Movement
 HADROM_R [°] 5.38 [2.58] 6.03 [2.53] .26 .16 4.68 [2.38] 5.80 [2.58] .16 .24 5.87 [2.71] 5.42 [2.48] .60 −.07
 HADROM_L [°] 4.80 [2.35] 5.50 [2.44] .14 .20 4.19 [2.01] 5.21 [2.44] .13 .25 5.33 [2.54] 4.83 [2.29] .54 −.08
 KFVEL_R [°/s] 327.27 [132.87] 371.77 [185.00] .67 .06 257.82 [41.53] 360.59 [161.28] .08 .29 336.10 [129.64] 344.94 [165.26] .84 −.03
 KFVEL_L [°/s] 334.78 [129.59] 379.44 [169.10] .44 .11 266.14 [42.50] 367.97 [152.16] .03* .37 341.39 [125.37] 353.91 [155.34] .91 −.02
 AEV_R [°] 15.04 [6.26] 16.81 [9.16] .58 .08 14.86 [5.61] 15.78 [7.66] .70 −.07 15.33 [6.66] 15.78 [7.74] .74 .05
 AEV_L [°] 14.72 [6.30] 17.43 [8.37] .17 .19 15.24 [5.06] 15.67 [7.51] .53 −.11 14.78 [6.42] 16.09 [7.50] .38 .12
 AEVVEL_R [°/s] 250.09 [120.81] 287.86 [135.23] .18 .19 245.12 [88.32] 266.10 [133.35] .88 −.03 257.43 [138.04] 265.17 [119.32] .45 .10
 AEVVEL_L [°/s] 242.45 [119.76] 298.40 [135.10] .05* .27 250.26 [84.70] 262.72 [134.95] .64 −.08 245.74 [124.95] 269.51 [128.32] .30 .14
Clinical
 RFFLEX_R [°] 139.02 [16.63] 144.38 [7.48] .26 .15 140.77 [8.48] 140.74 [15.62] .30 .16 139.15 [19.68] 141.67 [10.51] .63 −.06
 RFFLEX_L [°] 148.62 [8.45] 150.38 [11.27] .65 .06 148.94 [5.80] 149.25 [10.11] .82 .04 148.64 [10.20] 149.51 [9.03] .81 −.03
 ILFLEX_R [°] 108.68 [11.73] 105.70 [8.45] .24 −.15 108.77 [11.46] 107.40 [10.66] .17 −.21 107.85 [11.74] 107.53 [10.26] .78 .04
 ILFLEX_L [°] 108.92 [8.38] 106.27 [9.13] .14 −.18 111.25 [8.61] 107.42 [8.65] .15 −.23 108.38 [8.58] 107.79 [8.81] .68 −.05
Strength
 HAB:HAD [Nm/kg] 0.79 [0.19] 0.84 [0.19] .15 .18 0.76 [0.08] 0.82 [0.21] .25 .15 0.77 [0.16] 0.83 [0.21] .39 .11
 H:Q_R [Nm/kg] 0.83 [0.16] 0.84 [0.16] .93 .01 0.79 [0.15] 0.84 [0.16] .62 .08 0.84 [0.15] 0.83 [0.17] .39 −.11
 H:Q_L [Nm/kg] 0.82 [0.13] 0.83 [0.17] .42 −.10 0.80 [0.12] 0.83 [0.15] .84 .03 0.83 [0.13] 0.82 [0.15] .60 −.07
  1. HADROM Hip adduction range of motion, KFVEL Knee flexion velocity, AEV Ankle eversion, AEVVEL Ankle eversion velocity, RFFLEX Rectus femoris flexibility, ILFLEX Iliopsoas flexibility, HAB:HAD Hip abduction:adduction strength ratio, H:Q Hamstring:quadriceps strength ratio, OA INJ Overall injured, OA NON-INJ Overall non-injured, T/H INJ Thigh/hip injured, T/H NON-INJ Thigh/hip non-injured, R Right side, L Left side, m Mean, SD Standard deviation, * indicates p ≤ 0.05, rpb Rank-Biserial Correlation