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Table 4 Description of characteristics of surgery and procedures performed during hospitalization

From: Preoperative walking recommendation for non-cardiac surgery patients to reduce the length of hospital stay: a randomized control trial

Characteristic Intervention
(n = 249)
Control
(n = 119)
p value
Surgical waiting time (mean days, min and max) 15 [3–233] 17 [3–378] 0.668
Surgical time hour: min (RI) 1:42 (1:29) 1:54 (1:30) 0.209
Length of stay days, n (%)    
  < 1 30 (12.1) 8 (6.7) 0.188
 1–2 62 (24.9) 26 (21.9)  
 > 2 157 (63.0) 85 (71.4)  
Type of surgery, n (%)    
 Surgery modified to ambulatory 32 (12.9) 8 (6.7) 0.077
 Required hospitalization for more than 24 h 217 (87.1) 111 (93.3)
Scheduled surgery, n (%)    
 General surgery 60 (24.1) 25 (21.0) 0.296
 Urology 101 (40.6) 56 (47.1)
 Gynecology 41 (16.5) 22 (18.5)
 Orthopedic 30 (12.0) 6 (5.0)
 Other specialties 17 (6.4) 10 (8.4)
Type of anesthesia, n (%)    0.603
 General 195 (78.3) 87 (73.1)  
 Regional 50 (20.1) 30 (25.2)
 Other 2 (1.7) 4 (1.6)
Type of wound, n (%)    0.083
 Clean 83 (33.3) 30 (25.2)  
 Clean contaminated 166 (66.7) 88 (73.9)
 Contaminated 1 (0.8) 0 (0)
Type of incision, n (%)    0.575
 Open 152 (61.0) 69 (58.0)  
 Laparoscopy 97 (39.0) 50 (42.0)  
Complications during hospitalization, n (%)    
 Death 1 (0.4) 0  
 DVT (Deep Venous Thrombosis) 1 (0.4) 0  
 Fall 1 (0.4) 0  
Complications six months after the surgery, n (%)   
 Death 3 (1.2) 1 (0.8) 0.749
 DVT (Deep Venous Thrombosis) 2 (0.8) 0 0.328
  1. Values in each cell correspond to means (standard deviation), counts (proportions), or median [interquartile range]