Skip to main content

Table 5 Description of physical activity before surgery, during hospitalization, and after discharge

From: Preoperative walking recommendation for non-cardiac surgery patients to reduce the length of hospital stay: a randomized control trial

Characteristic Intervention
(n = 249)
Control
(n = 119)
p value
Activity validation before surgery    
 Accelerometer users 20 (8.4) 20 (16.8)
 Physical activity (min/week)    
 Low (1.5–3.0 MET) 358 [230–507] 196 [166–255] 0.004
 Moderate (3.1–6.0 MET) 45 [38–86] 26 [4–47] 0.025
 Vigorous (6.1–9.0 MET) 0 [0–1] 0 [0–1] 0.952
 Total 403 [268, 630] 237 [200, 321] 0.003
Time to first walk after surgery in hospital (hours), n (%)    
 Walk before to 24 h 153 (61.4) 68 (57.1) 0.710
 Walk between 24 and 72 h 88 (35.3) 47 (39.5)  
 Walk time over 72 h 8 (3.2) 4 (3.4)  
Place of first ambulation, n (%)    
 Around the bed 13 (5.2) 7 (5.9) 0.218
 From the bed to the bathroom 164 (65.9) 87 (73.1)
 From the bed to the hallway 35 (14.1) 9 (7.6)
 Through the hallway 7 (2.8) 6 (5.0)
 Other 30 (12.0) 10 (8.4)
Following walking behavior after six months from the surgery    
 Were you walking after surgery at least 150 min at the week? Yes 191 (76.7) 44 (36.9) < 0.001
  1. METS is defined as the amount of oxygen consumed while sitting at rest and is equal to 3.5 ml O2 per kg body weight × min