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Table 3 Descriptive data, statistical comparisons, and effect sizes between male and female from two-force-platform method

From: The validity of using one force platform to quantify whole-body forces, velocities, and power during a plyometric push-up

  Male Female Confidence interval and statistical significance Effect sizes (Cohen’s d)
Peak GRFs applied to hands (body weight) 1.29 ± 0.17 0.95 ± 0.11 [0.25 to 0.44]
(p < 0.05)
2.25
Peak whole-body GRFs (body weight) 1.58 ± 0.18 1.28 ± 0.11 [0.20 to 0.41]
(p < 0.05)
2.01
Peak whole-body velocities (m/s) 1.07 ± 0.11 0.72 ± 0.16 [0.25 to 0.45]
(p < 0.05)
2.54
Peak whole-body power (watt/body weight) 1.24 ± 0.16 0.81 ± 0.20 [0.31 to 0.56]
(p < 0.05)
2.37
GRFs applied to the feet at the starting position (body weight) 0.33 ± 0.03 0.36 ± 0.04 [− 0.06 to − 0.01]
(p < 0.05)
0.84
Mean GRFs applied to the feet during the push-up (body weight) 0.28 ± 0.03 0.33 ± 0.04 [− 0.07 to − 0.02]
(p < 0.05)
1.41
Whole-body GRFs at peak whole-body power (body weight) 1.24 ± 0.05 1.16 ± 0.05 [0.01 to 0.08]
(p < 0.05)
1.60
Whole-body velocities at peak whole-body power (m/s) 1.03 ± 0.11 0.69 ± 0.15 [0.26 to 0.43]
(p < 0.05)
2.57