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Table 3 Defensives actions during kickboxing small combat games executed with varied numbers of opponents and area sizes (values are mean ± standard deviation; n = 20)

From: Technical–tactical analysis of small combat games in male kickboxers: effects of varied number of opponents and area size

  Block/Parry Slip Lean backward Foot defense Duck Clinches Push
  1 versus 1
2 m × 2 m 14 ± 5d,e,f,g 1 ± 1 1 ± 1i 1 ± 1 0.2 ± 0.4 1 ± 2 1 ± 1¡
4 m × 4 m 14 ± 4e,f,g 2 ± 3 0 ± 0 2 ± 2 l 0.4 ± 0.6 1 ± 2 0 ± 1¡
6 m × 6 m 15 ± 6e,f,g 2 ± 3 0 ± 1 2 ± 2j,k 0.3 ± 0.6 1 ± 1 0 ± 1¡
  1 versus 2
2 m × 2 m 23 ± 7c,d 1 ± 2 1 ± 1i 1 ± 1 0 ± 0 1 ± 1 1 ± 1
4 m × 4 m 18 ± 7c,e,g 1 ± 1 0 ± 1 1 ± 1 l 0 ± 1 0 ± 1 0 ± 1
6 m × 6 m 15 ± 5c,e,g 2 ± 2 0 ± 1 2 ± 2j,k 0 ± 0 0 ± 0 0 ± 1
  1 versus 4
2 m × 2 m 28 ± 8a,b,d 4 ± 4 1 ± 1i 1 ± 1 0 ± 1 0 ± 1 1 ± 1
4 m × 4 m 22 ± 6a,b,g 2 ± 2 0 ± 1 1 ± 1 l 0 ± 0 1 ± 1 0 ± 1
6 m × 6 m 19 ± 6a,b,g 2 ± 2 0 ± 1 2 ± 2j,k 0 ± 0 1 ± 1 0 ± 1
  1. aNumber of opponents main effect, different from 1 versus 1 (p < 0.001)
  2. bNumber of opponent main effect, different from 1 versus 2 (p < 0.05)
  3. cNumber of opponents main effect, different from 1 versus 1 (p < 0.05)
  4. dMain effect of area, different from 4 m × 4 m and 6 m × 6 m (p < 0.001)
  5. eNumber of opponents and area interaction effect, lower than 1 versus 2 in 2 m × 2 m (p < 0.05)
  6. fNumber of opponents and area interaction effect, lower than 1 versus 4 in 4 m × 4 m (p < 0.05)
  7. gNumber of opponents and area interaction effect, lower than 1 versus 4 in 2 m × 2 m (p < 0.01); i = main effect of area, different from 4 m × 4 m and 6 m × 6 m (p < 0.05); j = a main effect of area, different from 2 m × 2 m (p < 0.001); k = main effect of area, different from 4 m × 4 m (p < 0.05); l = main effect of area, different from 2 m × 2 m (p < 0.01)
  8. ¡Number of opponents main effect, different from 1 versus 2 and 1 versus 4 conditions (p < 0.05)