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Table 5 Recovery practices: percentage of IP and n-IP athletes, and AB and AwD athletes who practiced these techniques and procedure, statistical comparisons made using chi-square with contingency tables

From: A survey of elite and pre-elite athletes’ perceptions of key support, lifestyle and performance factors

Recovery practice IP
(%)
n-IP
(%)
p value AB
(%)
AwD
(%)
p value
Remedial massage 95 65 0.0001** 73 85 0.13
Stretching 90 84 0.173 86 85 0.44
Mindfulness 83 62 0.010* 70 67 0.396
Visualisation 80 67 0.064 74 57 0.061
Hot/cold immersion 76 50 0.004* 59 55 0.358
Ice Bath 76 54 0.012* 63 55 0.252
Hot/cold shower 74 61 0.080 62 81 0.052
Walking 71 69 0.433 79 25  < .001**
Meditation 66 50 0.049* 58 43 0.103
Plunge pool 59 27 0.0003** 38 35 0.401
Relaxation Massage 56 47 0.186 51 50 0.484
Yoga 51 36 0.058 44 30 0.131
Spa 46 44 0.416 50 20 0.007**
Cold water swimming 45 31 0.064 34 45 0.213
Pilates 37 25 0.086 28 30 0.444
Progressive muscle relaxation 34 37 0.396 37 29 0.226
Infrared sauna 20 4 0.002** 11 0 0.061
Finnish sauna 15 13 0.382 16 0 0.028*
Neuro linguistic programming 15 4 0.016* 4 25 0.001**
Dance 15 14 0.448 16 5 0.102
Intermittent hypoxic training 7 8 0.478 8 5 0.322
Floatation tank 5 7 0.298 7 5 0.38
  1. *p < .05; **p < .01