Skip to main content

Table 6 Athletes’ utilisation of service providers, their perceived effectiveness and referrals, comparisons made using chi-square with contingency tables

From: A survey of elite and pre-elite athletes’ perceptions of key support, lifestyle and performance factors

  Physiotherapist Family GP Masseur Dietician/nutritionist Sports psychologist Sports
Medicine
Doctor
Acupuncturist Chiropractor Osteopath Myotherapist Naturopath/herbalist
% Utilisation 91 84 83 70 55 50 30 24 21 20 13
% Effectiveness 96 94 96 88 76 77 57 45 50 45 34
Referred by
(top ranking)
State institute Parent Self/state institute State institute State institute State institute Self Self/parent Friend Friend Friend
% Utilisation by achievement classification
(p value)
IP: 95
n-IP: 89
(0.113)
IP: 88
n-IP: 82
(0.217)
IP: 98
n-IP: 76
(0.001**)
IP: 85
n-IP: 62
(0.004**)
IP: 74
n-IP: 46
(0.002**)
IP: 76
n-IP: 38
(< 0.001**)
IP: 32
n-IP: 29
(0.370)
IP: 25
n-IP: 23
(0.230)
IP: 20
n-IP: 22
(0.411)
IP: 23
n-IP: 18
(0.278)
IP: 15
n-IP: 12
(0.335)
% Utilisation by able-bodied/with a disability
(p value)
AB: 89
AwD: 100
(0.051)
AB: 82
AwD: 95
(0.064)
AB: 83
AwD: 85
(0.421)
AB: 70
AwD: 70
(0.5)
AB: 53
AwD: 67
(0.141)
AB: 49
AwD: 60
(0.175)
AB: 28
AwD: 39
(0.174)
AB: 27
AwD: 5
(0.02*)
AB: 22
AwD: 17
(0.306)
AB: 23
AwD: 6
(0.265)
AB: 16
AwD: 0
(0.037*)
% utilisation by gender
(p value)
Male: 54
Female: 55
(0.861)
Male: 9
Female: 12
(0.611)
Male: 42
Female: 59
(0.047*)
Male: 16
Female: 19
(0.654)
Male: 12
Female: 20
(0.282)
Male: 2
Female: 11
(0.063)
Male: 2
Female: 6
0.334()
Male: 4
Female: 10
(0.243)
Male: 2
Female: 7
(0.207)
Male: 4
Female: 13
(0.097)
Male: 0
Female: 5
(0.136)
  1. *p < .05; **p < .01