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Table 1 Mean and standard deviation of maximum torque angles during maximum concentric contractions (PF = plantar flexion, KF = knee flexion, HAb = hip abduction, HF = Hip flexion, zero-degree-position is defined as neutral upright standing according to [41])

From: Maximum isometric torque at individually-adjusted joint angles exceeds eccentric and concentric torque in lower extremity joint actions

Muscle groups Angle at peak MVC
Ankle plantarflexors 7° ± 4° PF and 90° KF
Ankle dorsiflexors 20° ± 4° PF and 90° KF
Knee flexors 37° ± 14° KF and 90° HF
Knee extensors 65° ± 5° KF and 90° HF
Hip abductors 13° ± 5° HAb
Hip adductors 25° ± 12° HAb
Hip flexors 25° ± 6° HF
Hip extensors 75° ± 11° HF