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Table 1 Comparison of demographic and clinical characteristics of samples in three groups of massage, ROM exercises, and control

From: A randomized controlled clinical trial of the effects of range of motion exercises and massage on muscle strength in critically ill patients

Variable Group
Massage ROM exercises Control Test statistic P value
Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD
Age 46.67 17.24 44.27 13.61 47.43 17.36 F = 0.31 0.73
  N % N % N %   
Length of hospital stay before ICU admission         
1–2 days 29 96.7 27 90.0 26 86.7 χ2 = 1.92 0.52
3–4 days 1 3.3 3 10.0 4 13.3  
Disease diagnosis        Fisher’s exact test = 10.14 0.19
Respiratory problems 20 71.4 21 77.8 21 70.0  
Pregnancy problems 0 0 2 7.4 2 6.7  
Gastrointestinal problems 3 10.7 3 11.1 0 0  
Poisoning 4 14.3 1 3.7 4 13.3  
Others 1 3.6 0 0 3 10.0  
Addiction         
Yes 14 46.7 10 35.7 12 40.0 χ2 = 0.73 0.69
No 16 53.3 18 64.3 18 60.0  
History of chronic disease         
Yes 18 62.1 13 43.3 18 60.0 χ2 = 2.54 0.31
No 11 37.9 17 56.7 12 40.0  
History of ICU admission        Fisher’s exact test = 1.49 0.61
Yes 1 3.3 1 3.3 3 10.0  
No 29 96.7 29 96.7 27 90.0  
Use of renal replacement therapy        Fisher’s exact test = 1.82 0.77
Yes 1 3.3 0 0 2 6.7  
No 29 96.7 29 100.0 28 93.3  
  1. ROM, Range of motion; SD, Standard deviation