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Table 2 Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire (NMQ): scores before and after intervention in the two groups (BEG vs. CG); n = 387

From: The effect of the Baduanjin exercise on COVID-19-related anxiety, psychological well-being and lower back pain of college students during the pandemic

Group Before intervention After intervention p2
CG(n = 192) 22.51 ± 1.81 22.47 ± 1.46 > 0.05
BEG (n = 195) 22.45 ± 1.67 18.35 ± 1.05** < 0.05
p1 > 0.05 < 0.05  
  1. CG Control group, BEG Baduanjin exercise group
  2. 1 Between-group difference
  3. 2Within-group difference
  4. *p < 0.05
  5. **p < 0.01