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Table 3 Coronavirus Anxiety Scale (CAS) before and after intervention between the two groups (BEG vs. CG); n = 387

From: The effect of the Baduanjin exercise on COVID-19-related anxiety, psychological well-being and lower back pain of college students during the pandemic

Group Before intervention After intervention p2
CG(n = 192) 5.21 ± 0.67 5.18 ± 0.78 < 0.05
BEG (n = 195) 5.22 ± 0.45 5.07 ± 0.27** < 0.01
p1 > 0.05  < 0.05  
  1. Control group; BEG Baduanjin exercise group
  2. p1: Between-group difference
  3. p2: Within-group difference
  4. *p < 0.05
  5. **p < 0.01