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Table 4 Psychological Well-Being (PWBS) before and after intervention between the two groups (BEG vs. CG); n = 387

From: The effect of the Baduanjin exercise on COVID-19-related anxiety, psychological well-being and lower back pain of college students during the pandemic

Group   AU EM PG PRWO PL SA TS
CG
(n = 192)
Before intervention 12.19 ± 2.12 11.40 ± 1.68 8.15 ± 2.21 13.73 ± 2.15 13.33 ± 2.38 10.12 ± 1.67 68.92 ± 6.72
After intervention 12.22 ± 1.81 11.43 ± 2.01 8.23 ± 1.89 13.88 ± 2.46 13.39 ± 2.63 10.07 ± 1.35 69.22 ± 5.34
BEG (n = 195) Before intervention 13.21 ± 2.06 11.48 ± 2.19 8.45 ± 2.33 13.54 ± 2.47 13.46 ± 2.24 9.97 ± 1.38 70.11 ± 8.65
After intervention 13.28 ± 2.37 14.23 ± 2.04* 14.31 ± 2.43* 14.32 ± 1.78 13.51 ± 2.27 13.47 ± 2.65* 84.12 ± 7.38**
  1. AU: Autonomy; EM: Environmental Mastery; PG: Personal Growth; PRWO: Positive Relations with Others; PL: Purpose in Life; SA: Self-Acceptance; TS: PWBS total score; CG: Control group; BEG: Baduanjin exercise group
  2. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01