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Exercise and health

This section considers studies on exercise and its effects on health, including mental health.

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  1. The value of social support in enhancing performance is well established in non-impaired and sub-international level athletes with impairments. Despite this, no research to date has explored the experiences of...

    Authors: Beth Aitchison, Alison B. Rushton, Paul Martin, Andrew Soundy and Nicola R. Heneghan

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:42

    Content type: Research article

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  2. The 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) has been adopted as an important component of preparticipation cardiovascular screening. However, there are still controversies in the screening and few studies with a large...

    Authors: Xu Wen, Yu-min Huang, Tong-Hui Shen, Ying-Lan Gong, Rui-qing Dong, Ling Xia and Tian-sheng Xie

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:41

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Exercise-induced improvements in cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) often coincide with improvements in insulin sensitivity and reductions in liver fat content. However, there are limited data concerning the rela...

    Authors: Angelo Sabag, Shelley E. Keating, Kimberley L. Way, Rachelle N. Sultana, Sean M. Lanting, Stephen M. Twigg and Nathan A. Johnson

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:40

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Obesity is a major health concern in western countries. In Norway, patients with obesity can attend weight-loss programmes, which focus on changes in dietary and physical activity habits. Use of self-monitorin...

    Authors: Ingrid S. Følling, Line M. Oldervoll, Christina Hilmarsen and Ellen M. I. Ersfjord

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:25

    Content type: Research article

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  5. To assess physical activity (PA), a comparative measurement – evaluating one’s own PA compared to others – may be an appropriate method. In previous studies, the use of comparative measurements led to an effec...

    Authors: Katharina Diehl, Alessia Brassat and Jennifer Hilger-Kolb

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:19

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Physical training is recommended in various national and international guidelines for patients with cancer. Observational studies have shown that physical activity leads to reduced recurrence and mortality rat...

    Authors: Roberto Falz, René Thieme, Uwe Tegtbur, Christian Bischoff, Christian Leps, Peter Hillemanns, Kay Kohlhaw, Jürgen Klempnauer, Florian Lordick, Jens-Uwe Stolzenburg, Bahriye Aktas, Jürgen Weitz, Ulrich Bork, Pauline Wimberger, Christian Thomas, Ronald Biemann…

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:15

    Content type: Study protocol

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  7. Artificial intelligence (AI) is one of the most promising areas in medicine with many possibilities for improving health and wellness. Already today, diagnostic decision support systems may help patients to es...

    Authors: Lia Rigamonti, Katharina Estel, Tobias Gehlen, Bernd Wolfarth, James B. Lawrence and David A. Back

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:13

    Content type: Technical advance

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  8. Generalized joint hypermobility is defined as an excessive range of motion in several joints. Having joint hypermobility is not a pathology, but when associated with pain and other symptoms, it might affect he...

    Authors: Gere Luder, Daniel Aeberli, Christine Mueller Mebes, Bettina Haupt-Bertschy, Jean-Pierre Baeyens and Martin L. Verra

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:10

    Content type: Research article

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  9. HIIT has recently been widely used for health promotion in healthy people and patients with chronic diseases. Exercise can help SUD reduce drug cravings, enhance mental health and return to normal life. Howeve...

    Authors: Yang Yan-guang, Chen Jing-yi, Pang Xiao-Wu, Shen Meng-lu, Yang Su-yong, Xu Ding, Xiao Ke, Wang Tian-yuan, Wang Jia-bin and Zhu Dong

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:6

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Ultrasonography is an emerging non-invasive bedside tool for muscle quantity/quality assessment; Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis (BIA) is an alternative non-invasive bedside measure of body composition, recom...

    Authors: Carly Welch, Zeinab Majid, Isabelle Andrews, Zaki Hassan-Smith, Vicky Kamwa, Hannah Picton, Daisy Wilson and Thomas A. Jackson

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:3

    Content type: Research article

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  11. When studying the quality of sleep in relation to athletic performance, the athlete’s chronotype and habitual time consider important factors. We aim to investigate the sleep quality and athletes’ performance ...

    Authors: Seung-Taek Lim, Do-Yoon Kim, Hyeong-Tae Kwon and Eunjae Lee

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2021 13:2

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Empirical data have suggested that mind-body practices that originated in Eastern traditions can cause desirable changes to psychological traits, the brain, somatic physiological functions, etc. Martial arts i...

    Authors: Hiromitsu Miyata, Daisuke Kobayashi, Akifumi Sonoda, Hibiki Motoike and Saki Akatsuka

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:75

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The Lower (YBT-LQ) and Upper (YBT-UQ) Quarter Y Balance Test have been widely used for the assessment of dynamic balance and shoulder mobility/stability, respectively. However, investigations on the validity o...

    Authors: Gerrit Schwiertz, Rainer Beurskens and Thomas Muehlbauer

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:73

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Anti-retroviral therapy (ART) is associated with low bone mineral density (BMD) among people living with HIV (PLWHIV). Although physical activity is recommended for improving bone health in patients with reduc...

    Authors: Enock M. Chisati, Demitri Constantinou and Fanuel Lampiao

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:67

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The optimal time-response window for photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) using low-level laser therapy (LLLT) and/or light emitting diodes therapy (LEDT) combined with static magnetic fields (sMF) before physica...

    Authors: Ernesto Cesar Pinto Leal-Junior, Marcelo Ferreira Duarte de Oliveira, Jon Joensen, Martin Bjørn Stausholm, Jan Magnus Bjordal and Shaiane Silva Tomazoni

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:64

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Behavior change interventions have the potential to have a transformative effect on the health of populations. Allied health professionals have a key role to play in delivering these interventions. However, tr...

    Authors: James Matthews, Amanda M. Hall and Alison Keogh

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:62

    Content type: Research article

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  17. African American (AA) women have a higher prevalence of obesity and related metabolic dysfunction and lower level of physical activity compared to white counterparts. Determining feasible exercise alternatives...

    Authors: Avigdor D. Arad, Jeanine B. Albu and Fred J. DiMenna

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:59

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The study aimed to translate the foot function index (FFI) questionnaire to Thai and to determine psychometric properties of the questionnaire among individuals with plantar foot complaints.

    Authors: Sunee Bovonsunthonchai, Suthasinee Thong-On, Roongtiwa Vachalathiti, Warinda Intiravoranont, Sarawut Suwannarat and Richard Smith

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:56

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect on physical performance of combining whole-body vibration exercise (WBV) with parathyroid hormone 1–34 (teriparatide) compared to teriparatide alone.

    Authors: Ditte Beck Jepsen, Tahir Masud, Anders Holsgaard-Larsen, Stinus Hansen, Niklas Rye Jørgensen and Jesper Ryg

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:54

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Adjuvant therapy may cause multiple sideeffects on long term health, including reduced cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) in patients with breast cancer (1, 2). However, there is currently limited knowledge regar...

    Authors: Tor Helge Wiestad, Truls Raastad, Karin Nordin, Helena Igelström, Anna Henriksson, Ingrid Demmelmaier and Sveinung Berntsen

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:53

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The rising prevalence of childhood obesity in developing and developed countries poses a major public health challenge to policy makers and an effective strategy to promote physical activity among adolescents ...

    Authors: Jia Jia LEE, Nivedita Vikas NADKARNI, Irene TEO and Semra OZDEMIR

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:52

    Content type: Research article

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  22. International guidelines for physical activity recommend at least 150 min per week of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) for adults, including those with cardiac disease. There is yet to be consensu...

    Authors: Grace O. Dibben, Manish M. Gandhi, Rod S. Taylor, Hasnain M. Dalal, Brad Metcalf, Patrick Doherty, Lars H. Tang, Mark Kelson and Melvyn Hillsdon

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:47

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Obstructive Sleep Apnoea (OSA) is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and Type 2 diabetes (T2D). Observational studies suggested that OSA treatment might reduce CVD and T2D but RCTs failed to suppor...

    Authors: Julie K. Black, Anna C. Whittaker, Abd A. Tahrani and George M. Balanos

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:46

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is a metabolic disease characterized by hyperglycemia and excessive generation of reactive oxygen species caused by autoimmune destruction of beta-cells in the pancreas. Among the ...

    Authors: Ailton Santos Sena Júnior, Felipe José Aidar, Jymmys Lopes Dos Santos, Charles Dos Santos Estevam, Jessica Denielle Matos dos Santos, Ana Mara de Oliveira e Silva, Fábio Bessa Lima, Silvan Silva De Araújo and Anderson Carlos Marçal

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:45

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Emerging research shows a high prevalence of fatigue and sleep problems among university students. The present study evaluates the effects of regular aerobic exercise on sleep quality and fatigue level among f...

    Authors: Maryam Ezati, Maryam Keshavarz, Zahra Amirkhanzadeh Barandouzi and Ali Montazeri

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:44

    Content type: Research article

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  26. This study was a part of 16-week sitting light volleyball (SLVB) intervention program which examined the effects of the intervention on the physical and psychological attributes of adults with physical impairm...

    Authors: Ka-Man Leung, Pak-Kwong Chung and William Chu

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:41

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Decreased oxygenation of muscle may be accentuated during exercise at high altitude. Monitoring the oxygen saturation of muscle (SmO2) during hand grip exercise using near infrared spectroscopy during acute expos...

    Authors: Hayley J. Nell, Laura M. Castelli, Dino Bertani, Aaron A. Jipson, Sean F. Meagher, Luana T. Melo, Karl Zabjek and W. Darlene Reid

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:16

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Dynamic knee extensor muscle strength is a valid measure among healthy older adults but has not been tested in the sarcopenia condition. This study’s objective was to test the validity of a one-repetition subm...

    Authors: Pedro Pugliesi Abdalla, Anderson dos Santos Carvalho, André Pereira dos Santos, Ana Claudia Rossini Venturini, Thiago Cândido Alves, Jorge Mota and Dalmo Roberto Lopes Machado

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:29

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:34

  29. Exercise is recommended for the treatment and management of low back pain (LBP) and the prevention of chronicity. Exercise adherence has been only modest in intervention studies among people with musculoskelet...

    Authors: Annika Taulaniemi, Markku Kankaanpää, Marjo Rinne, Kari Tokola, Jari Parkkari and Jaana H. Suni

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:28

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Knee Instability (KI) is described as a sense of knee buckling, shifting, or giving way during the weight bearing activities. High prevalence (60–80%) has been reported for KI amongst the patients with knee os...

    Authors: Shirin Assar, Farzaneh Gandomi, Mahsa Mozafari and Freshteh Sohaili

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:27

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Low back pain causes changes in muscle activation patterns. Knowing how different exercises may improve altered muscle activation is useful in the treatment of patients. The aim of the study was to investigate...

    Authors: MohammadBagher Shamsi, Maryam Mirzaei and Mohammad HamediRad

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:24

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Exercise training is important in the management of adults with chronic pulmonary conditions. However, achieving high intensity exercise may be challenging for this clinical population. There has been clinical...

    Authors: Abbey Sawyer, Vinicius Cavalheri and Kylie Hill

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:22

    Content type: Review

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  33. Hemodialysis is one of the common therapies in patients with end-stage renal disease. Even patients who receive regular treatment suffer from fatigue, which is one of the main factors leading to poor quality o...

    Authors: Farzaneh Salehi, Mahlagha Dehghan, Parvin Mangolian Shahrbabaki and Mohammad Reza Ebadzadeh

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:19

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Low physical performance is a predictor of morbidity and mortality. This study looks at long-term effects of an exercise intervention on maximal step-up height (MSH) in individuals with low physical function. ...

    Authors: Lillemor A. Nyberg, Carl Johan Sundberg, Per Wändell, Jan Kowalski and Mai-Lis Hellénius

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:11

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Hematologic malignancies and their treatments are recognized for their significant long-term adverse effects on health-related quality of life. As a part of cancer treatment, physical exercise is known to impr...

    Authors: Claire Fournié, Nicolas Bouscaren, Georges Dalleau, Victorine Lenclume, Catherine Mohr, Patricia Zunic, Quentin Cabrera and Chantal Verkindt

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:18

    Content type: Study protocol

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  36. Rugby is increasingly gaining popularity among school-aged male junior players in countries hardly known for dominating international rugby, such as Zimbabwe. Given rugby combativeness, participating adolescen...

    Authors: Matthew Chiwaridzo, Gillian D. Ferguson and Bouwien C. M. Smits-Engelsman

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:3

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Multicomponent interventions combined with health coaching are widely recommended to improve a healthy lifestyle. The aim of the present study was to analyse the usage and acceptance of a multicomponent interv...

    Authors: Lea Anna Lisa Dejonghe, Kevin Rudolf, Jennifer Becker, Gerrit Stassen, Ingo Froboese and Andrea Schaller

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:2

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Our pilot study has demonstrated improvements in health outcomes through participation in a new sport, light volleyball (LVB), among older adults. In response to the promising results of the LVB pilot study an...

    Authors: Ka Man Leung, Pak-Kwong Chung, Aileen W. K. Chan, Lynda Ransdell, Parco Ming Fai Siu, Ping Sun, Jinjin Yang and Tie Cheng Chen

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:6

    Content type: Study protocol

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  39. There is a high prevalence of women in South Africa with overweight and obesity which is associated with an increased risk of cardiometabolic disorders. Perceived barriers such as lack of time and motivation r...

    Authors: Emmanuel Frimpong, Chloe Dafkin, Janine Donaldson, Aletta Maria Esterhuyse Millen and Rebecca Mary Meiring

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2019 11:39

    Content type: Study protocol

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  40. It is not clear how physical activity affects body composition in adolescents. Physical activity levels are often reduced during this period, and the relative proportion of body fat mass and lean mass undergo ...

    Authors: Nils Abel Aars, Bjarne K. Jacobsen, Bente Morseth, Nina Emaus and Sameline Grimsgaard

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2019 11:37

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Although sports participation leads to important health enhancement for youth with chronic diseases or physical disabilities (CDPD), it may pose an increased risk for injury or illness. This study investigated...

    Authors: Kristel Lankhorst, Janke de Groot, Tim Takken and Frank Backx

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2019 11:36

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Current evidence of metabolic health benefits of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) are limited to longer training periods or conducted in overweight youth. This study assessed 1) fasting and postprandial...

    Authors: Emma J. Cockcroft, Bert Bond, Craig A. Williams, Sam Harris, Sarah R. Jackman, Neil Armstrong and Alan R. Barker

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2019 11:29

    Content type: Research article

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  43. The organized sports sector has received increased interest as a setting to stimulate physical activity among inactive target groups. To include many inactive people and to obtain population health benefits, i...

    Authors: Linda Ooms, Mette van Kruijsbergen, Dorine Collard, Chantal Leemrijse and Cindy Veenhof

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2019 11:33

    Content type: Research article

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  44. The recent development of wearable devices has enabled easy and continuous measurement of heart rate (HR). Exercise intensity can be calculated from HR with indices such as percent HR reserve (%HRR); however, ...

    Authors: Hirotaka Matsuura, Masahiko Mukaino, Yohei Otaka, Hitoshi Kagaya, Yasushi Aoshima, Takuya Suzuki, Ayaka Inukai, Emi Hattori, Takayuki Ogasawara and Eiichi Saitoh

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2019 11:27

    Content type: Research article

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  45. People with long-term health conditions face barriers to physical activity and community health interventions despite potential life-changing benefits for self-management of their condition and wellbeing. A we...

    Authors: Helen Quirk and Steve Haake

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2019 11:22

    Content type: Research article

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  46. A scoping review of scientific literature on the effects of kettlebell training. There are no authoritative guidelines or recommendations for using kettlebells within a primary care setting. Our review objecti...

    Authors: Neil J. Meigh, Justin W. L. Keogh, Ben Schram and Wayne A. Hing

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2019 11:19

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Lymphoma survivors commonly report ongoing complaints including fatigue, pain, depression and decreased quality of life (QoL) following treatment. Although evidence suggests that both relaxation and exercise c...

    Authors: Suchita Hathiramani, Ruth Pettengell, Hannah Moir and Ahmed Younis

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2019 11:17

    Content type: Study protocol

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  48. In adults with asthma, physical activity has been associated with several asthma outcomes. However, it is unclear whether changes in physical activity, measured via an accelerometer, have an effect on asthma c...

    Authors: Patricia D. Freitas, Rafaella F. Xavier, Natália F. P. Passos, Regina M. Carvalho-Pinto, Alberto Cukier, Milton A. Martins, Vinícius Cavalheri, Kylie Hill, Rafael Stelmach and Celso R. F. Carvalho

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2019 11:16

    Content type: Study protocol

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  49. Physical activity (PA) is a component of cardiac rehabilitation (CR). However, life-long engagement in PA is required to maintain benefits gained. Wearable PA monitoring devices (WPAM) are thought to increase ...

    Authors: Amanda L. Hannan, Michael P. Harders, Wayne Hing, Mike Climstein, Jeff S. Coombes and James Furness

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2019 11:14

    Content type: Research article

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