Training, injury prevention, and biomechanics

Section Edited by Anthony Blazevich

This section considers studies on the effects of training as well as studies investigating biomechanics, biomedical devices, and sports equipment.

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  1. Research article

    Towards evidence based strength training: a comparison of muscle forces during deadlifts, goodmornings and split squats

    To ensure an efficient and targeted adaptation with low injury risk during strength exercises, knowledge of the participant specific internal loading conditions is essential. The goal of this study was to calc...

    Florian Schellenberg, William R. Taylor and Silvio Lorenzetti

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:13

    Published on: 17 July 2017

  2. Research article

    Are there two forms of isometric muscle action? Results of the experimental study support a distinction between a holding and a pushing isometric muscle function

    In isometric muscle function, there are subjectively two different modes of performance: one can either hold isometrically – thus resist an impacting force – or push isometrically – therefore work against a st...

    Laura V. Schaefer and Frank N. Bittmann

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:11

    Published on: 11 May 2017

  3. Research article

    Loading conditions in the spine, hip and knee during different executions of back extension exercises

    Back extension (BE) is a strength exercise for training the dorsal trunk and hip muscles. To optimise training recommendations that avoid overloading and possible injury, the aim of this study was to determine...

    Florian Schellenberg, Nicole Schmid, Ramona Häberle, Nicole Hörterer, William R. Taylor and Silvio Lorenzetti

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:10

    Published on: 24 April 2017

  4. Research article

    Incidence of back pain in adolescent athletes: a prospective study

    Recently, the incidence rate of back pain (BP) in adolescents has been reported at 21%. However, the development of BP in adolescent athletes is unclear. Hence, the purpose of this study was to examine the inc...

    Steffen Mueller, Juliane Mueller, Josefine Stoll, Olaf Prieske, Michael Cassel and Frank Mayer

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:38

    Published on: 7 December 2016

  5. Study protocol

    Effectiveness and implementation of a community-based prevention programme targeting anabolic androgenic steroid use in gyms: study protocol of a quasi-experimental control group study

    During the past decades, concerns about increased anabolic androgenic steroid (AAS) use among recreational sportspeople have been raised, yet there is a paucity of AAS prevention efforts targeting this group. ...

    Yasmina Molero, Johanna Gripenberg and Ann-Sofie Bakshi

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:36

    Published on: 17 November 2016

  6. Research article

    Time-dependent postural control adaptations following a neuromuscular warm-up in female handball players: a randomized controlled trial

    Female handball athletes are at a particular risk of sustaining lower extremity injuries. The study examines time-dependent adaptations of static and dynamic balance as potential injury risk factors to a speci...

    Simon Steib, Peter Zahn, Christine zu Eulenburg, Klaus Pfeifer and Astrid Zech

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:33

    Published on: 13 October 2016

  7. Study protocol

    The Sports-Related Injuries and Illnesses in Paralympic Sport Study (SRIIPSS): a study protocol for a prospective longitudinal study

    Paralympic sport provides sporting opportunities for athletes with a disability, with the Paralympic Games as the main event. Participation in sport is, however, associated with a significant risk for sustaini...

    Kristina Fagher, Jenny Jacobsson, Toomas Timpka, Örjan Dahlström and Jan Lexell

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:28

    Published on: 30 August 2016

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:30

  8. Research article

    The association between generalized joint hypermobility and active horizontal shoulder abduction in 10–15 year old competitive swimmers

    Increased shoulder mobility and Generalised Joint Hypermobility (GJH) are assumed to be predisposing risk factors for shoulder injuries. The association between GJH and shoulder mobility among competitive swim...

    Tina Junge, Peter Henriksen, Heidi Lund Andersen, Linette Dyg Byskov, Hans Kromann Knudsen and Birgit Juul-Kristensen

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:19

    Published on: 12 July 2016

  9. Research article

    Effect of fatigue caused by a simulated handball game on ball throwing velocity, shoulder muscle strength and balance ratio: a prospective study

    Arm throwing represents a deciding element in handball. Ball velocity, aim accuracy, and dynamic stability of the shoulder are factors that influence throwing effectiveness. The purpose of this study was to ex...

    Marília Santos Andrade, Fabiana de Carvalho Koffes, Ana Amélia Benedito-Silva, Antonio Carlos da Silva and Claudio Andre Barbosa de Lira

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:13

    Published on: 5 May 2016

  10. Research article

    Muscle strength differences in healthy young adults with and without generalized joint hypermobility: a cross-sectional study

    Generalized joint hypermobility (GJH), in the absence of symptoms, is a common clinical finding. The joint instability present due to excessive musculoskeletal flexibility in hypermobile joints impairs the ext...

    Pranay Jindal, Amitesh Narayan, Sailakshami Ganesan and Joy C. MacDermid

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:12

    Published on: 25 April 2016

  11. Research article

    Joint torque variability and repeatability during cyclic flexion-extension of the elbow

    Joint torques are generally of primary importance for clinicians to analyze the effect of a surgery and to obtain an indicator of functional capability to perform a motion. Given the current need to standardiz...

    Laurent Ballaz, Maxime Raison, Christine Detrembleur, Guillaume Gaudet and Martin Lemay

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:8

    Published on: 11 April 2016

  12. Research article

    Effects of conditioning hops on drop jump and sprint performance: a randomized crossover pilot study in elite athletes

    It has previously been shown that conditioning activities consisting of repetitive hops have the potential to induce better drop jump (DJ) performance in recreationally active individuals. In the present pilot...

    Jakob Kümmel, Julian Bergmann, Olaf Prieske, Andreas Kramer, Urs Granacher and Markus Gruber

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:1

    Published on: 30 January 2016

  13. Research article

    Associations between poor oral health and reinjuries in male elite soccer players: a cross-sectional self-report study

    Although it is well known that oral pathogens can enter the systemic circulation and cause disease, it is largely unknown if poor oral health increases the risk of sports injuries. The purpose of this study is...

    Henny Solleveld, Arnold Goedhart and Luc Vanden Bossche

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2015 7:11

    Published on: 20 April 2015

  14. Research article

    The effect of leg compression garments on the mechanical characteristics and performance of single-leg hopping in healthy male volunteers

    Compression garments (CG) are commonly used by athletes to improve motor performance and recovery during or following exercise. Numerous studies have investigated the effect of CG on physiological and physical...

    Amitabh Gupta, Joshua John Bryers and Peter James Clothier

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2015 7:10

    Published on: 19 April 2015

  15. Research article

    Cutaneous stimulation of discrete regions of the sole during locomotion produces “sensory steering” of the foot

    While the neural and mechanical effects of whole nerve cutaneous stimulation on human locomotion have been previously studied, there is less information about effects evoked by activation of discrete skin regi...

    E Paul Zehr, Tsuyoshi Nakajima, Trevor Barss, Taryn Klarner, Stefanie Miklosovic, Rinaldo A Mezzarane, Matthew Nurse and Tomoyoshi Komiyama

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014 6:33

    Published on: 8 August 2014

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