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Training, injury prevention, and biomechanics

Section Edited by Anthony Blazevich

This section considers studies on the effects of training as well as studies investigating biomechanics, biomedical devices, and sports equipment.

  1. Handball is a strenuous body-contact team sport that places high loads on the knee joint. Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear is one of the most devastating injuries that any handball player can suffer, and ...

    Authors: Igor Setuain, Eder Bikandi, Francisco Antonio Amú Ruiz, Fernando Urtasun and Mikel Izquierdo

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2019 11:30

    Content type: Research article

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  2. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of an ACL Kinesio Taping technique (ACL-KT) on knee joint biomechanics during a drop vertical jump (DVJ).

    Authors: Weerawat Limroongreungrat and Chuanpis Boonkerd

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2019 11:32

    Content type: Research Article

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  3. Training programs for fall prevention often fail to induce large general effects. To improve the efficacy of fall prevention programs, it is crucial to determine which type of training is most effective in ind...

    Authors: Louis-Solal Giboin, Markus Gruber and Andreas Kramer

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2019 11:31

    Content type: Research article

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  4. In addition to the beneficial health effects of being active, sports are also associated with a risk of sustaining injuries. To avoid the occurrence of sports injuries, preventive measures can be applied. The ...

    Authors: E. Kemler, H. Valkenberg and V. Gouttebarge

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2019 11:26

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The sequence of blocked balance training (BT) followed by blocked plyometric training (PT) showed greater improvements in physical performance than vice versa and is explained by a preconditioning effect of BT...

    Authors: Thomas Muehlbauer, Vincent Wagner, Dennis Brueckner, Simon Schedler, Gerrit Schwiertz, Rainer Kiss and Marco Hagen

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2019 11:18

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Internal and external rotation exercises of the shoulder are frequently performed to avoid injury and pain. Knowledge about the motion and loadings of the upper extremities during these exercises is crucial fo...

    Authors: Ramona Häberle, Florian Schellenberg, Renate List, Michael Plüss, William R. Taylor and Silvio Lorenzetti

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2018 10:22

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS) is a lower leg injury with a reported incidence rate of up to 35% in active individuals. Although numerous prospective studies have tried to identify risk factors for devel...

    Authors: Joshua Mattock, Julie R. Steele and Karen J. Mickle

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2018 10:20

    Content type: Study protocol

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  8. There exists conflicting evidence regarding the impact of kinesiology tape on performance and muscle function. One variable that may account for disparities in the findings of previous studies is the colour of...

    Authors: Rocco Cavaleri, Tribikram Thapa, Paula R. Beckenkamp and Lucy S. Chipchase

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2018 10:17

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Dental caries and periodontitis are associated with elevated levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines which may trigger muscle fatigue during exercise, a strong risk factor for sports injuries. Fixed orthodontic a...

    Authors: Henny Solleveld, John Flutter, Arnold Goedhart and Luc VandenBossche

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2018 10:16

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Different test procedures are often used within performance-based measures, causing uncertainty as to whether results can be compared between studies. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess agreement betwee...

    Authors: Eva Ageberg and Anna Cronström

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2018 10:15

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Squatting is a core exercise for many purposes. The tissue loading during squatting is crucial for positive adaptation and to avoid injury. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of narrow, hip and wide stanc...

    Authors: Silvio Lorenzetti, Mira Ostermann, Fabian Zeidler, Pia Zimmer, Lina Jentsch, Renate List, William R. Taylor and Florian Schellenberg

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2018 10:14

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Soccer is a high-intensity sport with a high injury rate. Among youth soccer players, lower extremity pain is a major problem that could be associated with trunk function. This study investigated the associati...

    Authors: Yasuhito Sogi, Yoshihiro Hagiwara, Yutaka Yabe, Takuya Sekiguchi, Haruki Momma, Masahiro Tsuchiya, Kaoru Kuroki, Kenji Kanazawa, Masashi Koide, Nobuyuki Itaya, Shinichiro Yoshida, Toshihisa Yano, Eiji Itoi and Ryoichi Nagatomi

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2018 10:13

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Various musculoskeletal changes occurring during pregnancy may lead to the change in gait and contribute to the increase in walking energy expenditure. Previous research indicates that changes in gait mechanic...

    Authors: Zarko Krkeljas and Sarah Johanna Moss

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2018 10:11

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The need for unobtrusive HR (heart rate) monitoring has led to the development of a new generation of strapless HR monitors. The aim of this study was to determine whether such an unobtrusive, wrist-worn optic...

    Authors: Francesco Sartor, Jos Gelissen, Ralph van Dinther, David Roovers, Gabriele B. Papini and Giuseppe Coppola

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2018 10:10

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Numerous methods have been proposed that use submaximal loads to predict one repetition maximum (1RM). One common method applies standard linear regression equations to load and average vertical lifting veloci...

    Authors: Mark G. L. Sayers, Michel Schlaeppi, Marina Hitz and Silvio Lorenzetti

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2018 10:9

    Content type: Technical advance

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  16. It has previously been shown that isotonic strength training can improve driver performance among golfers, though few studies have investigated effects of strength training on swing kinematics together with dr...

    Authors: James Parker, Charlie Lagerhem, John Hellström and M. Charlotte Olsson

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:21

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The presence of pain during movement typically results in changes in technique. However, the physical properties of water, such as flotation, means that water-based exercise may not only reduce compensatory mo...

    Authors: Anna C. Severin, Brendan J. Burkett, Mark R. McKean, Aaron N. Wiegand and Mark G. L. Sayers

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:20

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Soccer is one of the most widely played sports in the world. However, soccer players have an increased risk of lower limb injury. These injuries may be caused by both modifiable and non-modifiable factors, jus...

    Authors: David Sadigursky, Juliana Almeida Braid, Diogo Neiva Lemos De Lira, Bruno Almeida Barreto Machado, Rogério Jamil Fernandes Carneiro and Paulo Oliveira Colavolpe

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:18

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Brazilian jiu-jitsu is characterized by musculoskeletal disorders and high occurrence of sports injuries. The present study was aimed to analyze some internal factors, as well as to describe occurrence and cha...

    Authors: Dayana das Graças, Letícia Nakamura, Fernando Sérgio Silva Barbosa, Paula Felippe Martinez, Filipe Abdalla Reis and Silvio Assis de Oliveira-Junior

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:16

    Content type: Research article

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  20. To ensure an efficient and targeted adaptation with low injury risk during strength exercises, knowledge of the participant specific internal loading conditions is essential. The goal of this study was to calc...

    Authors: Florian Schellenberg, William R. Taylor and Silvio Lorenzetti

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:13

    Content type: Research article

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  21. In isometric muscle function, there are subjectively two different modes of performance: one can either hold isometrically – thus resist an impacting force – or push isometrically – therefore work against a st...

    Authors: Laura V. Schaefer and Frank N. Bittmann

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:11

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Back extension (BE) is a strength exercise for training the dorsal trunk and hip muscles. To optimise training recommendations that avoid overloading and possible injury, the aim of this study was to determine...

    Authors: Florian Schellenberg, Nicole Schmid, Ramona Häberle, Nicole Hörterer, William R. Taylor and Silvio Lorenzetti

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:10

    Content type: Research article

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  23. A variety of recovery strategies are used by athletes, although there is currently no research that investigates perceptions and usage of recovery by different competition levels of team sport athletes.

    Authors: Fiona Crowther, Rebecca Sealey, Melissa Crowe, Andrew Edwards and Shona Halson

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:6

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Recently, the incidence rate of back pain (BP) in adolescents has been reported at 21%. However, the development of BP in adolescent athletes is unclear. Hence, the purpose of this study was to examine the inc...

    Authors: Steffen Mueller, Juliane Mueller, Josefine Stoll, Olaf Prieske, Michael Cassel and Frank Mayer

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:38

    Content type: Research article

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  25. During the past decades, concerns about increased anabolic androgenic steroid (AAS) use among recreational sportspeople have been raised, yet there is a paucity of AAS prevention efforts targeting this group. ...

    Authors: Yasmina Molero, Johanna Gripenberg and Ann-Sofie Bakshi

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:36

    Content type: Study protocol

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  26. Female handball athletes are at a particular risk of sustaining lower extremity injuries. The study examines time-dependent adaptations of static and dynamic balance as potential injury risk factors to a speci...

    Authors: Simon Steib, Peter Zahn, Christine zu Eulenburg, Klaus Pfeifer and Astrid Zech

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:33

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Paralympic sport provides sporting opportunities for athletes with a disability, with the Paralympic Games as the main event. Participation in sport is, however, associated with a significant risk for sustaini...

    Authors: Kristina Fagher, Jenny Jacobsson, Toomas Timpka, Örjan Dahlström and Jan Lexell

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:28

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:30

  28. ACL ruptures in Alpine ski racers are frequently observed. This study analysed the association between physical fitness, race performance and the knee injury history.

    Authors: Kai-Uwe Schmitt, Nicole Hörterer, Michael Vogt, Walter O. Frey and Silvio Lorenzetti

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:23

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Increased shoulder mobility and Generalised Joint Hypermobility (GJH) are assumed to be predisposing risk factors for shoulder injuries. The association between GJH and shoulder mobility among competitive swim...

    Authors: Tina Junge, Peter Henriksen, Heidi Lund Andersen, Linette Dyg Byskov, Hans Kromann Knudsen and Birgit Juul-Kristensen

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:19

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Arm throwing represents a deciding element in handball. Ball velocity, aim accuracy, and dynamic stability of the shoulder are factors that influence throwing effectiveness. The purpose of this study was to ex...

    Authors: Marília Santos Andrade, Fabiana de Carvalho Koffes, Ana Amélia Benedito-Silva, Antonio Carlos da Silva and Claudio Andre Barbosa de Lira

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:13

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Generalized joint hypermobility (GJH), in the absence of symptoms, is a common clinical finding. The joint instability present due to excessive musculoskeletal flexibility in hypermobile joints impairs the ext...

    Authors: Pranay Jindal, Amitesh Narayan, Sailakshami Ganesan and Joy C. MacDermid

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:12

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Joint torques are generally of primary importance for clinicians to analyze the effect of a surgery and to obtain an indicator of functional capability to perform a motion. Given the current need to standardiz...

    Authors: Laurent Ballaz, Maxime Raison, Christine Detrembleur, Guillaume Gaudet and Martin Lemay

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:8

    Content type: Research article

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  33. It has previously been shown that conditioning activities consisting of repetitive hops have the potential to induce better drop jump (DJ) performance in recreationally active individuals. In the present pilot...

    Authors: Jakob Kümmel, Julian Bergmann, Olaf Prieske, Andreas Kramer, Urs Granacher and Markus Gruber

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:1

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Although it is well known that oral pathogens can enter the systemic circulation and cause disease, it is largely unknown if poor oral health increases the risk of sports injuries. The purpose of this study is...

    Authors: Henny Solleveld, Arnold Goedhart and Luc Vanden Bossche

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2015 7:11

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Compression garments (CG) are commonly used by athletes to improve motor performance and recovery during or following exercise. Numerous studies have investigated the effect of CG on physiological and physical...

    Authors: Amitabh Gupta, Joshua John Bryers and Peter James Clothier

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2015 7:10

    Content type: Research article

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  36. While the neural and mechanical effects of whole nerve cutaneous stimulation on human locomotion have been previously studied, there is less information about effects evoked by activation of discrete skin regi...

    Authors: E Paul Zehr, Tsuyoshi Nakajima, Trevor Barss, Taryn Klarner, Stefanie Miklosovic, Rinaldo A Mezzarane, Matthew Nurse and Tomoyoshi Komiyama

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014 6:33

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Existing literature showed improved swimming performances for swimmers wearing wetsuits competing under standardized conditions in races held in pools on short to middle distances. Data about the influence of ...

    Authors: Sebastian Ulsamer, Christoph Alexander Rüst, Thomas Rosemann, Romuald Lepers and Beat Knechtle

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014 6:20

    Content type: Research article

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  38. We developed a single stretch injury model to create damage near the musculotendinous junction (MTJ) of the gastrocnemius muscle in mice. Our hypothesis was that magnitude of muscle injury could be controlled ...

    Authors: Stacey L Brickson, Ronald P McCabe, Adam W Pala and Ray Vanderby Jr

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014 6:14

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The purpose of this study was to describe professional soccer players’ perceptions towards injuries, physical recovery and the effect of surface related factors on injury resulting from soccer participation on...

    Authors: Constantine CN Poulos, John Gallucci Jr, William H Gage, Joseph Baker, Sebastian Buitrago and Alison K Macpherson

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014 6:11

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Although injuries related to sports and recreation represent a significant burden to children and youth, few studies have examined the descriptive epidemiology of sports-related injury since 2005, and some spo...

    Authors: Liraz Fridman, Jessica L Fraser-Thomas, Steven R McFaull and Alison K Macpherson

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2013 5:30

    Content type: Research article

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  41. In order to improve training performance, as well as avoid overloading during prevention and rehabilitation exercises in patients, the aim of this study was to understand the biomechanical differences in the k...

    Authors: Florian Schellenberg, Julia Lindorfer, Renate List, William R Taylor and Silvio Lorenzetti

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2013 5:27

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Muscles are important “sensors of the joint instability”. The aim of this study was to identify the neuro-motor control strategies adopted by patients with anterior shoulder instability during overhead shoulde...

    Authors: Bala S Rajaratnam, James CH Goh and Prem V Kumar

    Citation: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology 2013 5:26

    Content type: Research article

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