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  1. The optimal time-response window for photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) using low-level laser therapy (LLLT) and/or light emitting diodes therapy (LEDT) combined with static magnetic fields (sMF) before physica...

    Authors: Ernesto Cesar Pinto Leal-Junior, Marcelo Ferreira Duarte de Oliveira, Jon Joensen, Martin Bjørn Stausholm, Jan Magnus Bjordal and Shaiane Silva Tomazoni
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:64
  2. Older people with chronic musculoskeletal pain are at risk of falls. This study aimed to investigate the effects of exergaming on pain and postural control in older people with chronic musculoskeletal pain. Se...

    Authors: Jae-Llane Ditchburn, Paul van Schaik, John Dixon, Alasdair MacSween and Denis Martin
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:63
  3. Behavior change interventions have the potential to have a transformative effect on the health of populations. Allied health professionals have a key role to play in delivering these interventions. However, tr...

    Authors: James Matthews, Amanda M. Hall and Alison Keogh
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:62
  4. High load (HL: > 85% of one repetition maximum (1RM)) squats with maximal intended velocity contractions (MIVC) combined with football sessions can be considered a relevant and time-efficient practice for main...

    Authors: Edvard H. Sagelv, Sigurd Pedersen, Lars Petter R. Nilsen, Andrea Casolo, Boye Welde, Morten B. Randers and Svein Arne Pettersen
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:61
  5. The biomechanical background of the transitory force decrease following a sudden reduction in the stimulation frequency under selected experimental conditions was studied on fast resistant motor units (MUs) of...

    Authors: Joanna Rakoczy, Katarzyna Kryściak, Hanna Drzymała-Celichowska, Rositsa Raikova and Jan Celichowski
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:60
  6. African American (AA) women have a higher prevalence of obesity and related metabolic dysfunction and lower level of physical activity compared to white counterparts. Determining feasible exercise alternatives...

    Authors: Avigdor D. Arad, Jeanine B. Albu and Fred J. DiMenna
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:59
  7. Since 2004, Sport Waikato has delivered Project Energize, a through-school nutrition and physical activity program to primary schools in the Waikato. As part of the program’s continued assessment and quality c...

    Authors: Carolyn Cairncross, Victor Obolonkin, Tara Coppinger and Elaine Rush
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:58
  8. Anterior cruciate ligament trauma is one of the most common knee injuries in professional athletes. This study aimed to investigate the effects of kinesio taping on kinesiophobia, balance, and functional perfo...

    Authors: Milad Gholami, Fahimeh Kamali, Maryam Mirzeai, Alireza Motealleh and MohammadBagher Shamsi
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:57
  9. The study aimed to translate the foot function index (FFI) questionnaire to Thai and to determine psychometric properties of the questionnaire among individuals with plantar foot complaints.

    Authors: Sunee Bovonsunthonchai, Suthasinee Thong-On, Roongtiwa Vachalathiti, Warinda Intiravoranont, Sarawut Suwannarat and Richard Smith
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:56
  10. The prevalence of obesity in childhood is increasing worldwide and may be affected by genetic factors and the lifestyle (exercise, nutrition behavior) of expectant parents. Lifestyle factors affect adipokines,...

    Authors: Nina Ferrari, Laura Schmitz, Nikola Schmidt, Esther Mahabir, Patricia Van de Vondel, Waltraut M. Merz, Walter Lehmacher, Stephanie Stock, Konrad Brockmeier, Regina Ensenauer, Tanja Fehm and Christine Joisten
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:55
  11. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect on physical performance of combining whole-body vibration exercise (WBV) with parathyroid hormone 1–34 (teriparatide) compared to teriparatide alone.

    Authors: Ditte Beck Jepsen, Tahir Masud, Anders Holsgaard-Larsen, Stinus Hansen, Niklas Rye Jørgensen and Jesper Ryg
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:54
  12. Adjuvant therapy may cause multiple sideeffects on long term health, including reduced cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) in patients with breast cancer (1, 2). However, there is currently limited knowledge regar...

    Authors: Tor Helge Wiestad, Truls Raastad, Karin Nordin, Helena Igelström, Anna Henriksson, Ingrid Demmelmaier and Sveinung Berntsen
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:53
  13. The rising prevalence of childhood obesity in developing and developed countries poses a major public health challenge to policy makers and an effective strategy to promote physical activity among adolescents ...

    Authors: Jia Jia LEE, Nivedita Vikas NADKARNI, Irene TEO and Semra OZDEMIR
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:52
  14. The patellofemoral joint (PFJ) provides extremely low kinetic friction, which results in optimal arthrokinematic motion quality. Previous research showed that these friction-reducing properties may be diminish...

    Authors: Ewelina Ołowiana, Noelle Selkow, Kevin Laudner, Daniel Puciato and Dawid Bączkowicz
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:51
  15. Olympic handball is a sport mainly focused on executing throwing and passing techniques with the throwing arm. Functional specialization due to the unilateral characteristic and dominance of the throwing arm m...

    Authors: Julian Bauer, Simon Schedler, Stephan Fischer and Thomas Muehlbauer
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:50
  16. The direct application of photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) using low-level laser therapy (LLLT) and light emitting diodes (LEDs) combined with a static magnetic field (sMF) (PBMT-sMF) to target tissues is sho...

    Authors: Caroline dos Santos Monteiro Machado, Heliodora Leão Casalechi, Adriane Aver Vanin, Jônatas Bezerra de Azevedo, Paulo de Tarso Camillo de Carvalho and Ernesto Cesar Pinto Leal-Junior
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:49
  17. According to research, fast skating on short distances increases functional asymmetry of leg muscles. As has been proven in many sporting disciplines, this asymmetry can increase the risk of injury. The aim of...

    Authors: Mariusz Konieczny, Paweł Pakosz and Mateusz Witkowski
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:48
  18. International guidelines for physical activity recommend at least 150 min per week of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) for adults, including those with cardiac disease. There is yet to be consensu...

    Authors: Grace O. Dibben, Manish M. Gandhi, Rod S. Taylor, Hasnain M. Dalal, Brad Metcalf, Patrick Doherty, Lars H. Tang, Mark Kelson and Melvyn Hillsdon
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:47
  19. Obstructive Sleep Apnoea (OSA) is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and Type 2 diabetes (T2D). Observational studies suggested that OSA treatment might reduce CVD and T2D but RCTs failed to suppor...

    Authors: Julie K. Black, Anna C. Whittaker, Abd A. Tahrani and George M. Balanos
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:46
  20. Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is a metabolic disease characterized by hyperglycemia and excessive generation of reactive oxygen species caused by autoimmune destruction of beta-cells in the pancreas. Among the ...

    Authors: Ailton Santos Sena Júnior, Felipe José Aidar, Jymmys Lopes Dos Santos, Charles Dos Santos Estevam, Jessica Denielle Matos dos Santos, Ana Mara de Oliveira e Silva, Fábio Bessa Lima, Silvan Silva De Araújo and Anderson Carlos Marçal
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:45
  21. Emerging research shows a high prevalence of fatigue and sleep problems among university students. The present study evaluates the effects of regular aerobic exercise on sleep quality and fatigue level among f...

    Authors: Maryam Ezati, Maryam Keshavarz, Zahra Amirkhanzadeh Barandouzi and Ali Montazeri
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:44
  22. The newly compiled Bafa Wubu of Tai Chi (Eight Methods and Five Footworks) is a fitness routine that has been developed in accordance with the appeal of the General Administration of Sport of China and promote...

    Authors: Shaojun Lyu, Jianwei Zhang, Jianquan Nie, Cuihan Li, Tianming Gao, Wen Yuan, Zaihao Chen and Jing Ma
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:43
  23. Symmetry during lifting is considered critical for allowing balanced power production and avoidance of injury. This investigation assessed the influence of elevating the heels on bilateral lower limb symmetry ...

    Authors: Mark G. L. Sayers, S. H. Hosseini Nasab, Caroline Bachem, William R. Taylor, Renate List and Silvio Lorenzetti
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:42
  24. This study was a part of 16-week sitting light volleyball (SLVB) intervention program which examined the effects of the intervention on the physical and psychological attributes of adults with physical impairm...

    Authors: Ka-Man Leung, Pak-Kwong Chung and William Chu
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:41
  25. Low back pain (LBP) is a common problem among young basketball players in addition to lower extremity injuries. However, studies that focus on LBP with lower extremity pain are limited. From the perspective of...

    Authors: Yutaka Yabe, Yoshihiro Hagiwara, Takuya Sekiguchi, Haruki Momma, Masahiro Tsuchiya, Kenji Kanazawa, Nobuyuki Itaya, Shinichirou Yoshida, Yasuhito Sogi, Toshihisa Yano, Takahiro Onoki, Eiji Itoi and Ryoichi Nagatomi
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:40
  26. In the conduct of their daily duties, law enforcement officers (LEO) are often required to perform dynamic, physically demanding tasks with little or no notice, sometimes at maximal levels of exertion. Given t...

    Authors: Colin Tomes, Ben Schram, Rodney Pope and Robin Orr
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:39
  27. Despite its high risk of injury, many people are still favor trampolining. However, currently there is no consensus as to which type of trampoline and which type of participant is more likely to have a trampol...

    Authors: Janisa Andrea Muljadi, Kornkit Chaijenkij, Alisara Arirachakaran and Jatupon Kongtharvonskul
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:37
  28. Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death worldwide. Notwithstanding the well-known benefits of cardiac rehabilitation (CR), adherence to CR remains low, particularly in women. High-intensity interv...

    Authors: Kimberley L. Way, Sol Vidal-Almela, Marja-Leena Keast, Harleen Hans, Andrew L. Pipe and Jennifer L. Reed
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:38
  29. Compared to injury surveillance in Olympic athletes relatively little literature exists for Paralympic athletes. Injury surveillance data underpin design and evaluation of injury prevention strategies in elite...

    Authors: N. R. Heneghan, L. Heathcote, P. Martin, S. Spencer and A. Rushton
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:36
  30. Little is known about the effect of exercise in young heart transplant recipients, and results on group level is lacking. This study summarizes the findings of the youngest participants in two previous randomi...

    Authors: Kari Nytrøen, Katrine Rolid, Marianne Yardley and Lars Gullestad
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:35
  31. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Pedro Pugliesi Abdalla, Anderson dos Santos Carvalho, André Pereira dos Santos, Ana Claudia Rossini Venturini, Thiago Cândido Alves, Jorge Mota and Dalmo Roberto Lopes Machado
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:34

    The original article was published in BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:29

  32. Decreased oxygenation of muscle may be accentuated during exercise at high altitude. Monitoring the oxygen saturation of muscle (SmO2) during hand grip exercise using near infrared spectroscopy during acute expos...

    Authors: Hayley J. Nell, Laura M. Castelli, Dino Bertani, Aaron A. Jipson, Sean F. Meagher, Luana T. Melo, Karl Zabjek and W. Darlene Reid
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:16
  33. There is growing interest in assessing psychological well-being in patients after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. It is unknown whether an assessment of psychological outcome in addition to te...

    Authors: Ramana Piussi, Susanne Beischer, Roland Thomeé and Eric Hamrin Senorski
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:32
  34. The Single leg squat (SLS) is a movement screening test widely used in clinical settings. The SLS is highly subjective in its nature. Objective measures, such as 3D-motion analyses, are seldom used in daily cl...

    Authors: John Ressman, Eva Rasmussen-Barr and Wilhelmus Johannes Andreas Grooten
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:31
  35. Few studies have measured device-based physical activity and sedentary behaviour following a percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), with no studies comparing these behaviours between countries using the sam...

    Authors: Nicole Freene, Sabina Borg, Margaret McManus, Tarryn Mair, Ren Tan, Rachel Davey, Birgitta Öberg and Maria Bäck
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:17
  36. We investigated the feasibility of a 16-week supervised heavy resistance training program with weekly undulating periodization for individuals with persistent non-specific low-back pain (LBP).

    Authors: Svein O. Tjøsvoll, Paul J. Mork, Vegard M. Iversen, Marit B. Rise and Marius S. Fimland
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:30
  37. Dynamic knee extensor muscle strength is a valid measure among healthy older adults but has not been tested in the sarcopenia condition. This study’s objective was to test the validity of a one-repetition subm...

    Authors: Pedro Pugliesi Abdalla, Anderson dos Santos Carvalho, André Pereira dos Santos, Ana Claudia Rossini Venturini, Thiago Cândido Alves, Jorge Mota and Dalmo Roberto Lopes Machado
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:29

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:34

  38. Exercise is recommended for the treatment and management of low back pain (LBP) and the prevention of chronicity. Exercise adherence has been only modest in intervention studies among people with musculoskelet...

    Authors: Annika Taulaniemi, Markku Kankaanpää, Marjo Rinne, Kari Tokola, Jari Parkkari and Jaana H. Suni
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:28
  39. Knee Instability (KI) is described as a sense of knee buckling, shifting, or giving way during the weight bearing activities. High prevalence (60–80%) has been reported for KI amongst the patients with knee os...

    Authors: Shirin Assar, Farzaneh Gandomi, Mahsa Mozafari and Freshteh Sohaili
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:27
  40. The effects of 7 weeks plyometric training on a stable surface and on sand were compared in junior male handball players.

    Authors: Mehrez Hammami, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Souhail Hermassi, Nawel Gaamouri, Ridha Aouadi, Roy J. Shephard and Mohamed Souhaiel Chelly
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:26
  41. Although numerous studies have reported the effect of inspiratory muscle training for improving exercise performance, the outcome of whether exercise performance is improved by inspiratory muscle training is c...

    Authors: Takeshi Ogawa, Maiko Nagao, Naoto Fujii and Takeshi Nishiyasu
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:25
  42. Low back pain causes changes in muscle activation patterns. Knowing how different exercises may improve altered muscle activation is useful in the treatment of patients. The aim of the study was to investigate...

    Authors: MohammadBagher Shamsi, Maryam Mirzaei and Mohammad HamediRad
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:24
  43. Exercise training provides benefits for individuals with cystic fibrosis; however, the optimal program is unclear. High-intensity interval training is safe and effective for improving ‘functional capacity’ in ...

    Authors: Ronen Reuveny, Fred J. DiMenna, Cedric Gunaratnam, Avigdor D. Arad, Gerry N. McElvaney, Davide Susta, Michael Peled and Niall M. Moyna
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:9
  44. Photobiomodulation (PBMT) is a therapy that uses non-ionising forms of light, including low-level lasers and light-emitting diodes (LEDs) that may be capable of modulating cellular activity. Some biological pr...

    Authors: Paulo Roberto Vicente de Paiva, Heliodora Leão Casalechi, Shaiane Silva Tomazoni, Caroline dos Santos Monteiro Machado, Neide Firmo Ribeiro, Amanda Lima Pereira, Marcelo Ferreira Duarte de Oliveira, Marjury Nunes da Silva Alves, Maiara Conceição dos Santos, Inti Ernesto Torrico Takara, Eduardo Foschini Miranda, Paulo de Tarso Camillo de Carvalho and Ernesto Cesar Pinto Leal-Junior
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:23
  45. Musculoskeletal disorders are highly prevalent among office workers, with strong evidence suggesting that workplace-based resistance training programs can prevent several upper extremity musculoskeletal disord...

    Authors: Atle Hole Saeterbakken, Paula Makrygiannis, Nicolay Stien, Tom Erik Jorung Solstad, Matthew Shaw, Vidar Andersen and Helene Pedersen
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:8
  46. Exercise training is important in the management of adults with chronic pulmonary conditions. However, achieving high intensity exercise may be challenging for this clinical population. There has been clinical...

    Authors: Abbey Sawyer, Vinicius Cavalheri and Kylie Hill
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:22
  47. Recent shoulder injury prevention programs have utilized resistance exercises combined with different forms of instability, with the goal of eliciting functional adaptations and thereby reducing the risk of in...

    Authors: Omar Baritello, Mina Khajooei, Tilman Engel, Stephan Kopinski, Andrew Quarmby, Steffen Mueller and Frank Mayer
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:21
  48. While a number of studies have investigated knee symptoms among elite athletes, few have directly compared the association between engagement in different sports and knee symptoms among young adults in the gen...

    Authors: Lloyd L. Y. Chan, Arnold Y. L. Wong and Maggie H. Wang
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:20
  49. Hemodialysis is one of the common therapies in patients with end-stage renal disease. Even patients who receive regular treatment suffer from fatigue, which is one of the main factors leading to poor quality o...

    Authors: Farzaneh Salehi, Mahlagha Dehghan, Parvin Mangolian Shahrbabaki and Mohammad Reza Ebadzadeh
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2020 12:19

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