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  1. In isometric muscle function, there are subjectively two different modes of performance: one can either hold isometrically – thus resist an impacting force – or push isometrically – therefore work against a st...

    Authors: Laura V. Schaefer and Frank N. Bittmann
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:11
  2. Back extension (BE) is a strength exercise for training the dorsal trunk and hip muscles. To optimise training recommendations that avoid overloading and possible injury, the aim of this study was to determine...

    Authors: Florian Schellenberg, Nicole Schmid, Ramona Häberle, Nicole Hörterer, William R. Taylor and Silvio Lorenzetti
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:10
  3. Ventilatory anaerobic threshold (VAT) is frequently used as a measure of exercise tolerance, with the V-slope method being the standard; however, this needs to be visually determined. Over the years, we have o...

    Authors: Hirotaka Nishijima, Kazuo Kondo, Kazuya Yonezawa, Hiroki Hashimoto and Masayuki Sakurai
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:9
  4. Increasing physical activity (PA) and decreasing sedentary time (ST) have important health effects among breast cancer patients, a growing population group. PA and sedentary behaviors are complex multi-dimensi...

    Authors: Anne-Sophie Mazzoni, Karin Nordin, Sveinung Berntsen, Ingrid Demmelmaier and Helena Igelström
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:8
  5. The International Physical Activity Questionnaire short-form (IPAQ-SF) is frequently used to assess physical activity (PA) level in the general adult population including pregnant women. However, the reliabili...

    Authors: Birgitte Sanda, Ingvild Vistad, Lene Annette Hagen Haakstad, Sveinung Berntsen, Linda Reme Sagedal, Hilde Lohne-Seiler and Monica Klungland Torstveit
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:7
  6. A variety of recovery strategies are used by athletes, although there is currently no research that investigates perceptions and usage of recovery by different competition levels of team sport athletes.

    Authors: Fiona Crowther, Rebecca Sealey, Melissa Crowe, Andrew Edwards and Shona Halson
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:6
  7. Authors: Idoia Muñoz, Jokin Garatea, Jokin Garatea, Idoia Muñoz, Silvia Ala, Francisco Cardoso, Hugo Paredes, Margrit Gelautz, Florian Seitner, Christian Kapeller, Nicole Brosch, Zuzana Frydrychova, Iva Buresova, Katerina Bartosova, Sara Huteckova, Sara Huteckova…
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9(Suppl 1):5

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  8. Low back pain (LBP) is common in athletes. LBP can be detrimental to athletic performance and health. Factors predisposing to LBP in athletes remain elusive and require further studies. We investigated whether...

    Authors: Sabina Cauci, Francesca Migliozzi, Carlo Simone Trombetta, Ilaria Venuto, Paola Saccheri, Luciana Travan and Giovanni Chiriacò
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:4
  9. Several studies have demonstrated that body habitus is associated with survival (life expectancy) time. We sought to determine if survival differed between elite athletes with a range of body types. We hypothe...

    Authors: Jeffrey Lee-Heidenreich, David Lee-Heidenreich and Jonathan Myers
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:3
  10. Physical inactivity ranks as a major contributing factor in the development and progression of chronic disease. Lifestyle interventions reduce the progression of chronic disease, however, compliance decreases ...

    Authors: Katie-Jane Brickwood, Stuart T. Smith, Greig Watson and Andrew D. Williams
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:1
  11. Physical inactivity is a common risk factor for several non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Increasing physical activity could reduce the burden of disease due to major NCDs and increase life expectancy. Undergr...

    Authors: Chathuranga Ranasinghe, Chathurani Sigera, Priyanga Ranasinghe, Ranil Jayawardena, Ayodya C. R. Ranasinghe, Andrew P. Hills and Neil King
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:39
  12. Recently, the incidence rate of back pain (BP) in adolescents has been reported at 21%. However, the development of BP in adolescent athletes is unclear. Hence, the purpose of this study was to examine the inc...

    Authors: Steffen Mueller, Juliane Mueller, Josefine Stoll, Olaf Prieske, Michael Cassel and Frank Mayer
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:38
  13. Up-to-date research on musculoskeletal- and neuromotor fitness (MSMF) is lacking. The aims of the present paper were to a) establish normative values of MSMF by gender and age, and b) to assess how much of the...

    Authors: Ingirid Geirsdatter Heald Kjær, Monica Klungland Torstveit, Elin Kolle, Bjørge Herman Hansen and Sigmund Alfred Anderssen
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:37
  14. During the past decades, concerns about increased anabolic androgenic steroid (AAS) use among recreational sportspeople have been raised, yet there is a paucity of AAS prevention efforts targeting this group. ...

    Authors: Yasmina Molero, Johanna Gripenberg and Ann-Sofie Bakshi
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:36
  15. Surgery for cancer of the thoracic esophagus is a challenging procedure associated with high morbidity and mortality. Perioperative rehabilitation has been introduced to promote early mobilization of the patie...

    Authors: Takayuki Inoue, Satoru Ito, Masahiko Ando, Motoki Nagaya, Hiromichi Aso, Yota Mizuno, Keiko Hattori, Hiroki Nakajima, Yoshihiro Nishida, Yukiko Niwa, Yasuhiro Kodera, Masahiko Koike and Yoshinori Hasegawa
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:34
  16. Female handball athletes are at a particular risk of sustaining lower extremity injuries. The study examines time-dependent adaptations of static and dynamic balance as potential injury risk factors to a speci...

    Authors: Simon Steib, Peter Zahn, Christine zu Eulenburg, Klaus Pfeifer and Astrid Zech
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:33
  17. Stand up paddle boarding (SUP) is a rapidly growing sport and recreational activity where anecdotal evidence exists for its proposed health, fitness and injury rehabilitation benefits. While limited scientific...

    Authors: Ben Schram, Wayne Hing and Mike Climstein
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:32
  18. Prevention of multi-morbidities following non-communicable diseases requires a systematic registration of adverse modifiable risk factors, including low physical fitness. The aim of the study was to establish ...

    Authors: Cecilie Fau Brinkløv, Ida Kær Thorsen, Kristian Karstoft, Charlotte Brøns, Laura Valentiner, Henning Langberg, Allan Arthur Vaag, Jens Steen Nielsen, Bente Klarlund Pedersen and Mathias Ried-Larsen
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:31
  19. There is very limited knowledge about the effects of exercise on men with Chronic Widespread Pain (CWP), especially regarding fatigue. We wanted to investigate the effects of resistance exercise compared with ...

    Authors: Anna Ericsson, Tomas Bremell, Åsa Cider and Kaisa Mannerkorpi
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:29
  20. Paralympic sport provides sporting opportunities for athletes with a disability, with the Paralympic Games as the main event. Participation in sport is, however, associated with a significant risk for sustaini...

    Authors: Kristina Fagher, Jenny Jacobsson, Toomas Timpka, Örjan Dahlström and Jan Lexell
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:28

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:30

  21. Proximal humerus fractures can be treated surgically (eg: pinning, plate and screws) or conservatively by wearing a splint or a cast. Following both of these approaches, rehabilitation has proven effective to ...

    Authors: François Cabana, Catherine Pagé, Amy Svotelis, Samuel Langlois-Michaud and Michel Tousignant
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:27
  22. The use of exergaming is a potential alternative to traditional methods of balance training, which can be repetitive and somewhat monotonous. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of exergaming u...

    Authors: Gillian Barry, Paul van Schaik, Alasdair MacSween, John Dixon and Denis Martin
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:25
  23. Exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation reduces morbidity and mortality. Walking is a convenient activity suitable for people with cardiac disease. Pedometers count steps, measure walking activity and motivate p...

    Authors: Charlotte Brun Thorup, Mette Grønkjær, Helle Spindler, Jan Jesper Andreasen, John Hansen, Birthe Irene Dinesen, Gitte Nielsen and Erik Elgaard Sørensen
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:24
  24. ACL ruptures in Alpine ski racers are frequently observed. This study analysed the association between physical fitness, race performance and the knee injury history.

    Authors: Kai-Uwe Schmitt, Nicole Hörterer, Michael Vogt, Walter O. Frey and Silvio Lorenzetti
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:23
  25. Volume kinetic fluid turnover of three beverages was investigated for the purpose of estimating their rates of absorption and elimination as well as their maximum effect on the blood volume. The results were t...

    Authors: Joachim Zdolsek, Annika Metander and Robert Hahn
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:22
  26. Bovine colostrum is proposed as a nutritional countermeasure to the risk of upper respiratory symptoms (URS) during exercise training. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to estimate the si...

    Authors: Arwel W. Jones, Daniel S. March, Ffion Curtis and Christopher Bridle
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:21
  27. Most of the research in the area of psychosocial factors in rehabilitation after sports injuries has focused on risk behaviors, while relatively few studies have focused on behaviors that facilitate rehabilita...

    Authors: Urban Johnson, Andreas Ivarsson, Jón Karlsson, Martin Hägglund, Markus Waldén and Mats Börjesson
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:20
  28. Increased shoulder mobility and Generalised Joint Hypermobility (GJH) are assumed to be predisposing risk factors for shoulder injuries. The association between GJH and shoulder mobility among competitive swim...

    Authors: Tina Junge, Peter Henriksen, Heidi Lund Andersen, Linette Dyg Byskov, Hans Kromann Knudsen and Birgit Juul-Kristensen
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:19
  29. The fascia provides and transmits forces for connective tissues, thereby regulating human posture and movement. One way to assess the myofascial interaction is a fascia ultrasound recording. Ultrasound can fol...

    Authors: Carlos Cruz-Montecinos, Mauricio Cerda, Rodolfo Sanzana-Cuche, Jaime Martín-Martín and Antonio Cuesta-Vargas
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:18
  30. Balance dysfunction and postural instability in Parkinson’s disease are among the most relevant determinants of an impaired quality of life. Physiotherapy interventions are essential to reduce the level of dis...

    Authors: Asmare Yitayeh and Amare Teshome
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:17
  31. According to current physical activity guidelines, a substantial percentage of the population in high-income countries is inactive, and inactivity is an important risk factor for chronic conditions and mortali...

    Authors: Claudia C. M. Molema, G. C. Wanda Wendel-Vos, Lisanne Puijk, Jørgen Dejgaard Jensen, A. Jantine Schuit and G. Ardine de Wit
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:15
  32. To evaluate the feasibility of executing a randomized controlled trial of progressive resistance training (PRT) in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

    Authors: Lisa Vizza, Caroline A. Smith, Soji Swaraj, Kingsley Agho and Birinder S. Cheema
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:14
  33. Arm throwing represents a deciding element in handball. Ball velocity, aim accuracy, and dynamic stability of the shoulder are factors that influence throwing effectiveness. The purpose of this study was to ex...

    Authors: Marília Santos Andrade, Fabiana de Carvalho Koffes, Ana Amélia Benedito-Silva, Antonio Carlos da Silva and Claudio Andre Barbosa de Lira
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:13
  34. Generalized joint hypermobility (GJH), in the absence of symptoms, is a common clinical finding. The joint instability present due to excessive musculoskeletal flexibility in hypermobile joints impairs the ext...

    Authors: Pranay Jindal, Amitesh Narayan, Sailakshami Ganesan and Joy C. MacDermid
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:12
  35. There is a need for a patient-relevant instrument to evaluate outcome after treatment in patients with a total Achilles tendon rupture. The purpose of this study was to undertake a cross-cultural adaptation of...

    Authors: Roberto Zambelli, Rafael Z. Pinto, João Murilo Brandão Magalhães, Fernando Araujo Silva Lopes, Rodrigo Simões Castilho, Daniel Baumfeld, Thiago Ribeiro Teles dos Santos and Nicola Maffulli
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:11
  36. The short form of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ-sf) is a validated questionnaire used to assess physical activity (PA) in healthy adults and commonly used in both apparently healthy a...

    Authors: Karianne Vassbakk-Brovold, Christian Kersten, Liv Fegran, Odd Mjåland, Svein Mjåland, Stephen Seiler and Sveinung Berntsen
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:10
  37. Aerobic adaptations following interval training are supposed to be mediated by increased local blood supply. However, knowledge is scarce on the detailed relationship between exercise duration and local post-e...

    Authors: Fabian Stöcker, Christoph Von Oldershausen, Florian Kurt Paternoster, Thorsten Schulz and Renate Oberhoffer
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:9
  38. Joint torques are generally of primary importance for clinicians to analyze the effect of a surgery and to obtain an indicator of functional capability to perform a motion. Given the current need to standardiz...

    Authors: Laurent Ballaz, Maxime Raison, Christine Detrembleur, Guillaume Gaudet and Martin Lemay
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:8
  39. Patients with substance use disorder (SUD) suffer from multiple health and psychosocial problems. Because poor physical capacities following an inactive lifestyle may indeed contribute to these problems, physi...

    Authors: Runar Unhjem, Grete Flemmen, Jan Hoff and Eivind Wang
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:7
  40. Participation in sport has many health benefits, and is popular amongst children. However participation decreases with age. While the membership records of peak sports organisations have improved markedly in r...

    Authors: Rochelle M. Eime, Jack T. Harvey, Melanie J. Charity, Meghan M. Casey, Hans Westerbeek and Warren R. Payne
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:6
  41. Achilles tendinopathy is a painful musculoskeletal condition that is common among athletes, and which limits training capacity and competitive performance. The lack of biomarkers for tendinopathy limits resear...

    Authors: James E. Gaida, Håkan Alfredson, Sture Forsgren and Jill L. Cook
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:5
  42. The ability to generate muscle strength is a pre-requisite for all human movement. Decreased quadriceps muscle strength is frequently observed in older adults and is associated with a decreased performance and...

    Authors: K. W. Douma, G. R. H. Regterschot, W.P. Krijnen, G. E. C. Slager, C. P. van der Schans and W. Zijlstra
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:4
  43. Time spent sedentary appears to be associated with several health outcomes in adults, but findings are inconsistent in children. Further, the assessment of sedentary time represents a major challenge. The obje...

    Authors: Jarle Stålesen, Frøydis Nordgård Vik, Bjørge Herman Hansen and Sveinung Berntsen
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:2
  44. It has previously been shown that conditioning activities consisting of repetitive hops have the potential to induce better drop jump (DJ) performance in recreationally active individuals. In the present pilot...

    Authors: Jakob Kümmel, Julian Bergmann, Olaf Prieske, Andreas Kramer, Urs Granacher and Markus Gruber
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:1

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