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Table 2 In Vitro Positions of the Glenohumeral Joint for the Strain Measurement of Coracohumeral Ligament and Significant Corresponding In Vivo Stretching Positions of the Shoulder

From: Stretching positions for the coracohumeral ligament: Strain measurement during passive motion using fresh/frozen cadaver shoulders

   -10° Ext. Rot. 0° Ext. Rot. 10° Ext. Rot. 20° Ext. Rot. 30° Ext. Rot. 40° Ext. Rot. 50° Ext. Rot. Maximal rotation
Elevation 0 0 0 0 2.75(3.17) 5.68(2.16)* 7.27(1.47)* 7.87(1.18)*
  30° 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
  60° 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Flexion 30° 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
  60° 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Abduction 30° 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
  60° 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Extension 30° 0 0 0 0 0.43(2.51) 3.04(1.34) 4.20(1.65)* 4.79(1.67)*
  30° + Add. 0 0 1.57(3.65) 2.65(3.23) 4.09(3.23)* 4.67(3.40)* 4.78(4.42)* 5.05(5.20)*
  1. ER, external rotation; Add, Adduction.