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  1. Content type: Research article

    Hormonal physiology in athletes, dysfunctional paths leading to overtraining syndrome (OTS), and clinical and biochemical behaviors that are independently modified by the presence of OTS remain unclear. Althou...

    Authors: Flavio A. Cadegiani and Claudio E. Kater

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2019 11:21

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Maximal strength increments are reported to result in improvements in sprint speed and jump height in elite male football players. Although similar effects are expected in females, this is yet to be elucidated...

    Authors: Sigurd Pedersen, Kim Arne Heitmann, Edvard H. Sagelv, Dag Johansen and Svein Arne Pettersen

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2019 11:20

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  3. Content type: Research article

    A scoping review of scientific literature on the effects of kettlebell training. There are no authoritative guidelines or recommendations for using kettlebells within a primary care setting. Our review objecti...

    Authors: Neil J. Meigh, Justin W. L. Keogh, Ben Schram and Wayne A. Hing

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2019 11:19

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  4. Content type: Research article

    The sequence of blocked balance training (BT) followed by blocked plyometric training (PT) showed greater improvements in physical performance than vice versa and is explained by a preconditioning effect of BT...

    Authors: Thomas Muehlbauer, Vincent Wagner, Dennis Brueckner, Simon Schedler, Gerrit Schwiertz, Rainer Kiss and Marco Hagen

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2019 11:18

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  5. Content type: Study protocol

    Lymphoma survivors commonly report ongoing complaints including fatigue, pain, depression and decreased quality of life (QoL) following treatment. Although evidence suggests that both relaxation and exercise c...

    Authors: Suchita Hathiramani, Ruth Pettengell, Hannah Moir and Ahmed Younis

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2019 11:17

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Patients hospitalized in intensive care units (ICUs) are susceptible to joint contracture and diminished range of motion. This is due to immobility as well as other underlying factors such as brain damage. Joi...

    Authors: MohammadBagher Shamsi, Aliakbar Vaisi-Raygani, Asghar Rostami and Maryam Mirzaei

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2019 11:15

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  7. Content type: Study protocol

    In adults with asthma, physical activity has been associated with several asthma outcomes. However, it is unclear whether changes in physical activity, measured via an accelerometer, have an effect on asthma c...

    Authors: Patricia D. Freitas, Rafaella F. Xavier, Natália F. P. Passos, Regina M. Carvalho-Pinto, Alberto Cukier, Milton A. Martins, Vinícius Cavalheri, Kylie Hill, Rafael Stelmach and Celso R. F. Carvalho

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2019 11:16

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Physical activity (PA) is a component of cardiac rehabilitation (CR). However, life-long engagement in PA is required to maintain benefits gained. Wearable PA monitoring devices (WPAM) are thought to increase ...

    Authors: Amanda L. Hannan, Michael P. Harders, Wayne Hing, Mike Climstein, Jeff S. Coombes and James Furness

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2019 11:14

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Despite its well-established positive effects, exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation (exCR) is underused in patients following an acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The aim of the study was to identify factors...

    Authors: Sabina Borg, Birgitta Öberg, Margret Leosdottir, Daniel Lindolm, Lennart Nilsson and Maria Bäck

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2019 11:13

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Organized, leisure time physical activities are an important part of a population approach to increase total physical activity participation. Dancing is a type of organized leisure time activity which may be u...

    Authors: Bridget C. Foley, Amy Jo Vassallo and Lindsey J. Reece

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2019 11:11

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Ultrasound tissue characterization (UTC) imaging has been previously used to describe the characteristics of patellar and Achilles tendons. UTC imaging compares and correlates successive ultrasonographic trans...

    Authors: Carla S. Pereira, Rafael C. G. Santos, Rod Whiteley and Taija Finni

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2019 11:12

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Ventilatory anaerobic threshold (VAT) is a useful submaximal measure of exercise tolerance; however, it must be visually determined. We developed a new mathematical method to objectively determine VAT.

    Authors: Hirotaka Nishijima, Kazuyuki Kominami, Kazuo Kondo, Masatoshi Akino and Masayuki Sakurai

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2019 11:10

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The mechanism for cardiac hypertrophy process that would be a benefit for improvement of cardiovascular endurance needed to be investigated throughly. Specific intensity of training may play a role for homeost...

    Authors: Julia Windi Gunadi, Vita Murniati Tarawan, Iwan Setiawan, Ronny Lesmana, Roro Wahyudianingsih and Unang Supratman

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2019 11:9

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  14. Content type: Study protocol

    A significant proportion of individuals are left with poor residual functioning of the affected arm after a stroke. This has a great impact on the quality of life and the ability for stroke survivors to live i...

    Authors: Marie-Hélène Milot, Stephania Palimeris, Hélène Corriveau, François Tremblay and Marie-Hélène Boudrias

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2019 11:8

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  15. Content type: Research article

    There is evidence that brief physical activity interventions by health professionals can increase physical activity levels. In addition, there is some evidence that simply measuring physical activity alone can...

    Authors: Nicole Freene, Rachel Davey and Steven M McPhail

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2019 11:6

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Wearing a textured shoe insole can decrease postural sway during static balance. Previous studies assessed bipedal and/or unipedal standing. In contrast, we aimed to investigate if textured insoles modulated p...

    Authors: Ryan P. W. Kenny, Daniel L. Eaves, Denis Martin, Anna L. Hatton and John Dixon

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2019 11:5

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Both universal goniometer and electro-goniometer are used for measuring joint range of motion in physiotherapy. Active knee extension test is a way to assess hamstring shortness in patients with chronic low ba...

    Authors: MohammadBagher Shamsi, Maryam Mirzaei and Seyyed Saeed Khabiri

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2019 11:4

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Self-efficacy is related to outcome after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears. The Knee Self Efficacy Scale (K-SES) available in Swedish and English, was developed to measure self-efficacy in present (K-SESpre...

    Authors: Wim van Lankveld, Nicky van Melick, Bas Habets, Yvette Pronk, J. Bart Staal and Robert van Cingel

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2019 11:3

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Although the health benefits of physical activity are well documented, a large proportion of the population remains less active than recommended by current guidelines. Commercial fitness centers provide an opp...

    Authors: Liv Riseth, Torunn Hatlen Nøst, Tom I. L. Nilsen and Aslak Steinsbekk

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2019 11:2

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Power output and force development during exercise are thought to be important indices of performance in elite athletes. The aim of this preliminary study was to determine the forces applied at the footrest du...

    Authors: Å. B. Tornberg, P. Håkansson, I. Svensson and P. Wollmer

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2019 11:1

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Strength deficits, muscle imbalances, and quadriceps inhibition are common after the surgical reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), even after the patient’s returned-to-sport. Typically, asym...

    Authors: Christian Baumgart, Wouter Welling, Matthias W. Hoppe, Jürgen Freiwald and Alli Gokeler

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2018 10:23

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Internal and external rotation exercises of the shoulder are frequently performed to avoid injury and pain. Knowledge about the motion and loadings of the upper extremities during these exercises is crucial fo...

    Authors: Ramona Häberle, Florian Schellenberg, Renate List, Michael Plüss, William R. Taylor and Silvio Lorenzetti

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2018 10:22

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  23. Content type: Review

    Type 2 diabetes and obesity epidemics are in effect in the United States and the two pathologies are linked. In accordance with the growing appreciation that ‘exercise is medicine,’ it is intuitive to suggest ...

    Authors: Fred J. DiMenna and Avigdor D. Arad

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2018 10:21

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  24. Content type: Study protocol

    Medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS) is a lower leg injury with a reported incidence rate of up to 35% in active individuals. Although numerous prospective studies have tried to identify risk factors for devel...

    Authors: Joshua Mattock, Julie R. Steele and Karen J. Mickle

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2018 10:20

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  25. Content type: Study protocol

    In people with cystic fibrosis (CF), higher exercise capacity is associated with better health-related quality of life (HRQoL), reduced risk of hospitalisation for a respiratory infection and survival. Therefo...

    Authors: Abbey Sawyer, Vinicius Cavalheri, Sue Jenkins, Jamie Wood, Nola Cecins, Bhajan Singh and Kylie Hill

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2018 10:19

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Swimming induced pulmonary oedema is an uncommon occurrence and usually presents during strenuous distance swimming in cold water. The prevalence is most likely underreported and the underlying mechanisms are ...

    Authors: Erik Hohmann, Vaida Glatt and Kevin Tetsworth

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2018 10:18

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  27. Content type: Research article

    There exists conflicting evidence regarding the impact of kinesiology tape on performance and muscle function. One variable that may account for disparities in the findings of previous studies is the colour of...

    Authors: Rocco Cavaleri, Tribikram Thapa, Paula R. Beckenkamp and Lucy S. Chipchase

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2018 10:17

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Dental caries and periodontitis are associated with elevated levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines which may trigger muscle fatigue during exercise, a strong risk factor for sports injuries. Fixed orthodontic a...

    Authors: Henny Solleveld, John Flutter, Arnold Goedhart and Luc VandenBossche

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2018 10:16

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Different test procedures are often used within performance-based measures, causing uncertainty as to whether results can be compared between studies. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess agreement betwee...

    Authors: Eva Ageberg and Anna Cronström

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2018 10:15

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Squatting is a core exercise for many purposes. The tissue loading during squatting is crucial for positive adaptation and to avoid injury. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of narrow, hip and wide stanc...

    Authors: Silvio Lorenzetti, Mira Ostermann, Fabian Zeidler, Pia Zimmer, Lina Jentsch, Renate List, William R. Taylor and Florian Schellenberg

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2018 10:14

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Soccer is a high-intensity sport with a high injury rate. Among youth soccer players, lower extremity pain is a major problem that could be associated with trunk function. This study investigated the associati...

    Authors: Yasuhito Sogi, Yoshihiro Hagiwara, Yutaka Yabe, Takuya Sekiguchi, Haruki Momma, Masahiro Tsuchiya, Kaoru Kuroki, Kenji Kanazawa, Masashi Koide, Nobuyuki Itaya, Shinichiro Yoshida, Toshihisa Yano, Eiji Itoi and Ryoichi Nagatomi

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2018 10:13

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  32. Content type: Research article

    It has previously been suggested that heat exposure and hypohydration have negative effects on cognitive performance, which may impact upon sporting performance. The aim of the present study was to examine the...

    Authors: Hannah MacLeod, Simon Cooper, Stephan Bandelow, Rachel Malcolm and Caroline Sunderland

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2018 10:12

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Various musculoskeletal changes occurring during pregnancy may lead to the change in gait and contribute to the increase in walking energy expenditure. Previous research indicates that changes in gait mechanic...

    Authors: Zarko Krkeljas and Sarah Johanna Moss

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2018 10:11

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  34. Content type: Research article

    The need for unobtrusive HR (heart rate) monitoring has led to the development of a new generation of strapless HR monitors. The aim of this study was to determine whether such an unobtrusive, wrist-worn optic...

    Authors: Francesco Sartor, Jos Gelissen, Ralph van Dinther, David Roovers, Gabriele B. Papini and Giuseppe Coppola

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2018 10:10

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  35. Content type: Technical advance

    Numerous methods have been proposed that use submaximal loads to predict one repetition maximum (1RM). One common method applies standard linear regression equations to load and average vertical lifting veloci...

    Authors: Mark G. L. Sayers, Michel Schlaeppi, Marina Hitz and Silvio Lorenzetti

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2018 10:9

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  36. Content type: Research article

    In order to investigate the impact of adherence to recommendations of physical activity and sedentary time on health outcomes in clinical trials, there is a need for feasible tools such as questionnaires that ...

    Authors: Hege Berg Henriksen, Sveinung Berntsen, Ingvild Paur, Manuela Zucknick, Anne Juul Skjetne, Siv Kjølsrud Bøhn, Christine Henriksen, Sigbjørn Smeland, Monica Hauger Carlsen and Rune Blomhoff

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2018 10:8

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  37. Content type: Review

    Metabolic syndrome is defined as a cluster of at least three out of five clinical risk factors: abdominal (visceral) obesity, hypertension, elevated serum triglycerides, low serum high-density lipoprotein (HDL...

    Authors: Carole A. Paley and Mark I. Johnson

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2018 10:7

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Technological development and improvements in Wearable Physiological Monitoring devices, have facilitated the wireless and continuous field-based monitoring/capturing of physiologic measures in healthy, clinic...

    Authors: Goris Nazari, Pavlos Bobos, Joy C. MacDermid, Kathryn E. Sinden, Julie Richardson and Ada Tang

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2018 10:6

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Leg-press machines are widely employed for musculoskeletal conditioning of the lower-limbs and they provide cardiovascular benefits for resistance training in cardiac patients. The aim of this study was to ass...

    Authors: Farouk Chrif, Tobias Nef and Kenneth J. Hunt

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2018 10:5

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Adequate levels of regular physical activity (PA) are crucial for health and well-being. Pediatric burn injuries can have major physiological consequences in both the short and long term. The question is wheth...

    Authors: Moniek Akkerman, Leonora J. Mouton, Laurien M. Disseldorp, Anuschka S. Niemeijer, Marco van Brussel, Lucas H. V. van der Woude and Marianne K. Nieuwenhuis

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2018 10:4

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Exercise adherence in already low-active older adults with and without mild cognitive impairment (MCI) remains low. Perceptual regulation and exergaming may facilitate future exercise behaviour by improving th...

    Authors: Liam McAuliffe, Gaynor C. Parfitt, Roger G. Eston, Caitlin Gray, Hannah A. D. Keage and Ashleigh E. Smith

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2018 10:2

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Measuring physical activity (PA) and sedentary time (ST) by self-report or device as well as assessing related health factors may alter those behaviors. Thus, in intervention trials assessments may bias interv...

    Authors: Lisa Voigt, Sophie Baumann, Antje Ullrich, Franziska Weymar, Ulrich John and Sabina Ulbricht

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2018 10:1

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Despite debate regarding their effectiveness, many different post-exercise recovery strategies are used by athletes. This study compared five post-exercise recovery strategies (cold water immersion, contrast w...

    Authors: Fiona Crowther, Rebecca Sealey, Melissa Crowe, Andrew Edwards and Shona Halson

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:25

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  44. Content type: Research article

    This systematic review was conducted with the first objective aimed at providing an overview of the physiological characteristics commonly evaluated in rugby and the corresponding tests used to measure each co...

    Authors: Matthew Chiwaridzo, Sander Oorschot, Jermaine M. Dambi, Gillian D. Ferguson, Emmanuel Bonney, Tapfuma Mudawarima, Cathrine Tadyanemhandu and Bouwien C. M. Smits-Engelsman

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:24

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Anthropometric models remain appropriate alternatives to estimate body composition of peripubertal populations. However, these traditional models do not consider other body components that undergo major change...

    Authors: Dalmo Machado, Analiza Silva, Luis Gobbo, Paula Elias, Francisco J. A. de Paula and Nilo Ramos

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:23

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  46. Content type: Research article

    It has previously been shown that isotonic strength training can improve driver performance among golfers, though few studies have investigated effects of strength training on swing kinematics together with dr...

    Authors: James Parker, Charlie Lagerhem, John Hellström and M. Charlotte Olsson

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:21

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  47. Content type: Research article

    The presence of pain during movement typically results in changes in technique. However, the physical properties of water, such as flotation, means that water-based exercise may not only reduce compensatory mo...

    Authors: Anna C. Severin, Brendan J. Burkett, Mark R. McKean, Aaron N. Wiegand and Mark G. L. Sayers

    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:20

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