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  1. Research article

    Assessing upper limb function: transcultural adaptation and validation of the Portuguese version of the Stroke Upper Limb Capacity Scale

    Brachial hemiparesis is one of the most frequent sequelae of stroke, leading to important functional disability given the role of the upper limb in executing activities of daily living (ADL). The Stroke Upper ...

    João Paulo Branco, Sandra Oliveira, João Páscoa Pinheiro and Pedro L. Ferreira

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:15

    Published on: 3 August 2017

  2. Research article

    Hormonal aspects of overtraining syndrome: a systematic review

    Overtraining syndrome (OTS), functional (FOR) and non-functional overreaching (NFOR) are conditions diagnosed in athletes with decreased performance and fatigue, triggered by metabolic, immune, hormonal and ot...

    Flavio A. Cadegiani and Claudio E. Kater

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:14

    Published on: 2 August 2017

  3. Research article

    Towards evidence based strength training: a comparison of muscle forces during deadlifts, goodmornings and split squats

    To ensure an efficient and targeted adaptation with low injury risk during strength exercises, knowledge of the participant specific internal loading conditions is essential. The goal of this study was to calc...

    Florian Schellenberg, William R. Taylor and Silvio Lorenzetti

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:13

    Published on: 17 July 2017

  4. Research article

    The influence of a Healthy Welcoming Environment on participation in club sport by adolescent girls: a longitudinal study

    This study investigated the perceived influence of a Healthy Welcoming Environment (HWE) on participation in sports clubs among adolescent girls, and how these perceptions changed longitudinally. HWE was defin...

    M. M. Casey, R. M. Eime, J. T. Harvey, N. A. Sawyer, M. J. Craike, C. M. Symons and W. R. Payne

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:12

    Published on: 19 May 2017

  5. Research article

    Are there two forms of isometric muscle action? Results of the experimental study support a distinction between a holding and a pushing isometric muscle function

    In isometric muscle function, there are subjectively two different modes of performance: one can either hold isometrically – thus resist an impacting force – or push isometrically – therefore work against a st...

    Laura V. Schaefer and Frank N. Bittmann

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:11

    Published on: 11 May 2017

  6. Research article

    Loading conditions in the spine, hip and knee during different executions of back extension exercises

    Back extension (BE) is a strength exercise for training the dorsal trunk and hip muscles. To optimise training recommendations that avoid overloading and possible injury, the aim of this study was to determine...

    Florian Schellenberg, Nicole Schmid, Ramona Häberle, Nicole Hörterer, William R. Taylor and Silvio Lorenzetti

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:10

    Published on: 24 April 2017

  7. Research article

    Quantification and physiological significance of the rightward shift of the V-slope during incremental cardiopulmonary exercise testing

    Ventilatory anaerobic threshold (VAT) is frequently used as a measure of exercise tolerance, with the V-slope method being the standard; however, this needs to be visually determined. Over the years, we have o...

    Hirotaka Nishijima, Kazuo Kondo, Kazuya Yonezawa, Hiroki Hashimoto and Masayuki Sakurai

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:9

    Published on: 20 April 2017

  8. Research article

    Comparison between logbook-reported and objectively-assessed physical activity and sedentary time in breast cancer patients: an agreement study

    Increasing physical activity (PA) and decreasing sedentary time (ST) have important health effects among breast cancer patients, a growing population group. PA and sedentary behaviors are complex multi-dimensi...

    Anne-Sophie Mazzoni, Karin Nordin, Sveinung Berntsen, Ingrid Demmelmaier and Helena Igelström

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:8

    Published on: 31 March 2017

  9. Research article

    Reliability and concurrent validity of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire short form among pregnant women

    The International Physical Activity Questionnaire short-form (IPAQ-SF) is frequently used to assess physical activity (PA) level in the general adult population including pregnant women. However, the reliabili...

    Birgitte Sanda, Ingvild Vistad, Lene Annette Hagen Haakstad, Sveinung Berntsen, Linda Reme Sagedal, Hilde Lohne-Seiler and Monica Klungland Torstveit

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:7

    Published on: 14 March 2017

  10. Meeting abstracts

    International Conference on Technology and Innovation in Sports, Health and Wellbeing (TISHW)

    Idoia Muñoz, Jokin Garatea, Jokin Garatea, Idoia Muñoz, Silvia Ala, Francisco Cardoso, Hugo Paredes, Margrit Gelautz, Florian Seitner, Christian Kapeller, Nicole Brosch, Zuzana Frydrychova, Iva Buresova, Katerina Bartosova, Sara Huteckova, Sara Huteckova…

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9(Suppl 1):5

    Published on: 24 February 2017

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  11. Research article

    Low back pain and FokI (rs2228570) polymorphism of vitamin D receptor in athletes

    Low back pain (LBP) is common in athletes. LBP can be detrimental to athletic performance and health. Factors predisposing to LBP in athletes remain elusive and require further studies. We investigated whether...

    Sabina Cauci, Francesca Migliozzi, Carlo Simone Trombetta, Ilaria Venuto, Paola Saccheri, Luciana Travan and Giovanni Chiriacò

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:4

    Published on: 7 February 2017

  12. Research article

    Differences in life expectancy between olympic high jumpers, discus throwers, marathon and 100 meter runners

    Several studies have demonstrated that body habitus is associated with survival (life expectancy) time. We sought to determine if survival differed between elite athletes with a range of body types. We hypothe...

    Jeffrey Lee-Heidenreich, David Lee-Heidenreich and Jonathan Myers

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:3

    Published on: 26 January 2017

  13. Research article

    Self-determined motivation in rehabilitating professional rugby union players

    The aim of the present study was to explore the views of professional rugby union players during the early rehabilitation, late rehabilitation and return to play stages, following anterior cruciate ligament (A...

    Fraser Carson and Remco C. J. Polman

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:2

    Published on: 18 January 2017

  14. Study protocol

    The effect of ongoing feedback on physical activity levels following an exercise intervention in older adults: a randomised controlled trial protocol

    Physical inactivity ranks as a major contributing factor in the development and progression of chronic disease. Lifestyle interventions reduce the progression of chronic disease, however, compliance decreases ...

    Katie-Jane Brickwood, Stuart T. Smith, Greig Watson and Andrew D. Williams

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2017 9:1

    Published on: 10 January 2017

  15. Research article

    Physical inactivity among physiotherapy undergraduates: exploring the knowledge-practice gap

    Physical inactivity is a common risk factor for several non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Increasing physical activity could reduce the burden of disease due to major NCDs and increase life expectancy. Undergr...

    Chathuranga Ranasinghe, Chathurani Sigera, Priyanga Ranasinghe, Ranil Jayawardena, Ayodya C. R. Ranasinghe, Andrew P. Hills and Neil King

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:39

    Published on: 7 December 2016

  16. Research article

    Incidence of back pain in adolescent athletes: a prospective study

    Recently, the incidence rate of back pain (BP) in adolescents has been reported at 21%. However, the development of BP in adolescent athletes is unclear. Hence, the purpose of this study was to examine the inc...

    Steffen Mueller, Juliane Mueller, Josefine Stoll, Olaf Prieske, Michael Cassel and Frank Mayer

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:38

    Published on: 7 December 2016

  17. Research article

    Normative values for musculoskeletal- and neuromotor fitness in apparently healthy Norwegian adults and the association with obesity: a cross-sectional study

    Up-to-date research on musculoskeletal- and neuromotor fitness (MSMF) is lacking. The aims of the present paper were to a) establish normative values of MSMF by gender and age, and b) to assess how much of the...

    Ingirid Geirsdatter Heald Kjær, Monica Klungland Torstveit, Elin Kolle, Bjørge Herman Hansen and Sigmund Alfred Anderssen

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:37

    Published on: 18 November 2016

  18. Study protocol

    Effectiveness and implementation of a community-based prevention programme targeting anabolic androgenic steroid use in gyms: study protocol of a quasi-experimental control group study

    During the past decades, concerns about increased anabolic androgenic steroid (AAS) use among recreational sportspeople have been raised, yet there is a paucity of AAS prevention efforts targeting this group. ...

    Yasmina Molero, Johanna Gripenberg and Ann-Sofie Bakshi

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:36

    Published on: 17 November 2016

  19. Research article

    Changes in exercise capacity, muscle strength, and health-related quality of life in esophageal cancer patients undergoing esophagectomy

    Surgery for cancer of the thoracic esophagus is a challenging procedure associated with high morbidity and mortality. Perioperative rehabilitation has been introduced to promote early mobilization of the patie...

    Takayuki Inoue, Satoru Ito, Masahiko Ando, Motoki Nagaya, Hiromichi Aso, Yota Mizuno, Keiko Hattori, Hiroki Nakajima, Yoshihiro Nishida, Yukiko Niwa, Yasuhiro Kodera, Masahiko Koike and Yoshinori Hasegawa

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:34

    Published on: 3 November 2016

  20. Research article

    Time-dependent postural control adaptations following a neuromuscular warm-up in female handball players: a randomized controlled trial

    Female handball athletes are at a particular risk of sustaining lower extremity injuries. The study examines time-dependent adaptations of static and dynamic balance as potential injury risk factors to a speci...

    Simon Steib, Peter Zahn, Christine zu Eulenburg, Klaus Pfeifer and Astrid Zech

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:33

    Published on: 13 October 2016

  21. Technical advance

    Criterion validity and reliability of a smartphone delivered sub-maximal fitness test for people with type 2 diabetes

    Prevention of multi-morbidities following non-communicable diseases requires a systematic registration of adverse modifiable risk factors, including low physical fitness. The aim of the study was to establish ...

    Cecilie Fau Brinkløv, Ida Kær Thorsen, Kristian Karstoft, Charlotte Brøns, Laura Valentiner, Henning Langberg, Allan Arthur Vaag, Jens Steen Nielsen, Bente Klarlund Pedersen and Mathias Ried-Larsen

    BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2016 8:31

    Published on: 7 October 2016

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