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  1. A number of specific tests are used to standardize competition performance. Specific Judo fitness test (SJFT) can be applied by considering the start of the competition qualifiers in the morning and the contin...

    Authors: Özgür Eken, Filipe Manuel Clemente and Hadi Nobari
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:92
  2. In the rehabilitation and sports science fields, comprehensive assessment of the response to exercise is important for accurately prescribing exercise programs. Lactate is an important energy substrate that is...

    Authors: Satomi Okano, Hitomi Nishizawa, Joya Yui and Akinori Nakamura
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:91
  3. The Lumbar Spine Instability Questionnaire (LSIQ) is a self-reported measure of clinical instability of the lumbar spine. This study aimed to translate and culturally adapt the LSIQ into Persian language (LSIQ...

    Authors: Noureddin Nakhostin Ansari, Zahra Abdollahzade, Soofia Naghdi, Mohammad Taghi Beigmohammadi and Mina Kashi-Alashti
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:90
  4. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between minutes played (MP) with maturity status, fitness, and hormonal levels, and to quantify their influence on minutes played.

    Authors: Ebrahim Eskandarifard, Hadi Nobari, Filipe Manuel Clemente, Rui Silva, Cain C. T. Clark, Hugo Sarmento and António José Figueiredo
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:89
  5. Ankle orthotics decreases the maximal vertical jump height. It is essential to maximize jump height and minimize ground contact time during athletic performance. However, the effect of ankle orthotics on athle...

    Authors: Masanori Morikawa, Noriaki Maeda, Makoto Komiya, Toshiki Kobayashi and Yukio Urabe
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:88
  6. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of a 12-week upper/lower split- versus a full-body resistance training program on maximal strength, muscle mass and explosive characteristics. Fifty resistance ...

    Authors: Helene Pedersen, Marius Steiro Fimland, Brad J. Schoenfeld, Vegard Moe Iversen, Kristoffer Toldnes Cumming, Susanne Jensen, Atle Hole Saeterbakken and Vidar Andersen
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:87
  7. Due to the high postural control demands of sport ju-jitsu, it is likely that long-term sport ju-jitsu training may induce sport-specific adaptations in postural control, especially in positions directly relat...

    Authors: Anna Akbaş, Wojciech Marszałek, Sławomir Drozd, Wojciech Czarny, Paweł Król, Krzysztof Warchoł, Kajetan J. Słomka and Marian Rzepko
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:86
  8. Assessing physical workload is the most important step in deciding whether a workload is high and adopting appropriate control strategies to reduce physical workload. This study aimed to compare physical workl...

    Authors: Farnaz Bagherifard, Hadi Daneshmandi, Mansour Ziaei, Haleh Ghaem, Ruhollah Khoshbakht, Omid Jaberi and Alireza Choobineh
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:85
  9. Performing multiple high-intensity interval training (HIIT) sessions in a compressed period of time (approximately 7–14 days) is called a HIIT shock microcycle (SM) and promises a rapid increase in endurance p...

    Authors: Thomas Leonhard Stöggl, Julia C. Blumkaitis, Tilmann Strepp, Mahdi Sareban, Perikles Simon, Elmo W. I. Neuberger, Thomas Finkenzeller, Natalia Nunes, Lorenz Aglas and Nils Haller
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:84
  10. Handball is a high-intensity game, during which players run, change directions with or without the ball, interact with the opponent and make different decisions in both offensive and defensive actions. Players...

    Authors: Maciej Śliż, Karolina H. Przednowek, Paweł Kapuściński, Bartosz Dziadek, Łukasz Godek, Krzysztof Warchoł, Janusz Zieliński and Krzysztof Przednowek
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:83
  11. The aims of this study were to (1) determine the match technical and running performance required by different teams based on their final ranking position in a professional soccer league; and (2) analyze the c...

    Authors: Marcin Andrzejewski, José M. Oliva-Lozano, Paweł Chmura, Jan Chmura, Sławomir Czarniecki, Edward Kowalczuk, Andrzej Rokita, José M. Muyor and Marek Konefał
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:82
  12. Low back pain (LBP) is a common symptom in classical ballet dancers, which can limit their daily activities and dance training routines. The purpose of the study was to verify the association and comparison of...

    Authors: Brenda Luciano de Souza, Patricia Colombo de Souza and Ana Paula Ribeiro
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:81
  13. Given that recent studies report negative secular declines in physical fitness, associations between fitness and cognition in childhood are strongly discussed. The preschool age is characterized by high neurop...

    Authors: Kristin Wick, Susi Kriemler and Urs Granacher
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:80
  14. Summer alpine sports, including mountain biking, hiking and airborne pursuits, have experienced a recent surge in popularity. Accordingly, trauma associated with these activities has increased. There is a scar...

    Authors: Sebastian Frederick Bigdon, Verena Hecht, Paul Gilbert Fairhurst, Moritz C. Deml, Aristomenis K. Exadaktylos and Christoph E. Albers
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:79
  15. The purpose of the present study was to explore the feasibility of collecting GPS data and the usability of GPS data to evaluate associations between the training load and onset of running-related knee injurie...

    Authors: Kyra L. A. Cloosterman, Tryntsje Fokkema, Robert-Jan de Vos, Ben van Oeveren, Sita M. A. Bierma-Zeinstra and Marienke van Middelkoop
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:78
  16. Gender differences in muscle activity during landing have been proposed as a possible contributing factor to the greater incidence of anterior cruciate ligament injuries in women. Conflicting results among a f...

    Authors: Mohammad Seyedahmadi, Hooman Minoonejad, Mohammad Karimizadeh Ardakani, Zahra Heidari, Mohammad Bayattork and Hadi Akbari
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:77
  17. A baseball pitcher with decreased scapular control may not be able to achieve suitable scapular motion at maximum shoulder external rotation (MER) of baseball pitching during the pitching action. It is common ...

    Authors: Yuki Nomura, Hajime Toda, Masaki Katayose, Shun Watanabe, Masahiro Yoshida, Makoto Yoshida and Keizo Yamamoto
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:76
  18. Running is a very popular sport among both recreational and competitive athletes. However, participating in running is associated with a comparably high risk of sustaining an exercise-related injury. Due to th...

    Authors: A. L. Rahlf, T. Hoenig, J. Stürznickel, K. Cremans, D. Fohrmann, A. Sanchez-Alvarado, T. Rolvien and K. Hollander
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:75
  19. Current evidence still emerging regarding the risk of cardiovascular (CV) sequel associated with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection, and considerable replicated studies are needed to ensure safe ret...

    Authors: Bandar Alosaimi, Isamme AlFayyad, Salman Alshuaibi, Ghazwaa Almutairi, Nawaf Alshaebi, Abdulaziz Alayyaf, Wael Alturaiki and Muhammad Azam Shah
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:74
  20. The time of day that people exercise can potentially influence the efficiency of exercises for fall prevention in older adults. The present pilot study was conducted to explore the feasibility and effects of m...

    Authors: Frédéric Noé, Karim Korchi, Noëlle Bru and Thierry Paillard
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:73
  21. The ability to perform visually-guided motor tasks requires the transformation of visual information into programmed motor outputs. When the guiding visual information does not align spatially with the motor o...

    Authors: Nicole Smeha, Ravneet Kalkat, Lauren E. Sergio and Loriann M. Hynes
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:72
  22. Use of a wearable gait analysis system (WGAS) is becoming common when conducting gait analysis studies due to its versatility. At the same time, its versatility raises a concern about its accuracy, because its...

    Authors: Kentaro Homan, Keizo Yamamoto, Ken Kadoya, Naoki Ishida and Norimasa Iwasaki
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:71
  23. Lateral trunk obliquity during landing is a characteristic of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries in female athletes and affects their knee and hip kinetics and kinematics. However, it is unclear whether...

    Authors: Shohei Taniguchi, Tomoya Ishida, Masanori Yamanaka, Ryo Ueno, Ryohei Ikuta, Masato Chijimatsu, Mina Samukawa, Yuta Koshino, Satoshi Kasahara and Harukazu Tohyama
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:70
  24. The accumulation of physiological stress and the presence of inflammation disturb iron management in athletes during intense training. However, little is known about the mechanisms regulating iron levels in at...

    Authors: Justyna Cichoń, Joanna Ostapiuk-Karolczuk, Mirosława Cieślicka, Hanna Dziewiecka, Anita Marcinkiewicz, Małgorzata Tafil-Klawe, Piotr Basta, Dariusz Maciejewski and Anna Skarpańska-Stejnborn
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:69
  25. Dual-transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has been used to rebalance the cortical excitability of both hemispheres following unilateral-stroke. Our previous study showed a positive effect from a sing...

    Authors: Wanalee Klomjai and Benchaporn Aneksan
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:68
  26. COVID-19 lockdown measures led to the suspension of centre-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR). We aimed to describe the impact of lockdown on CR behaviours and perceptions of efficacy in a sample of CR particip...

    Authors: Richard Kirwan, Fatima Perez de Heredia, Deaglan McCullough, Tom Butler and Ian G. Davies
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:67
  27. Femur-tibia angle (FTA) and patella-tibia angle (PTA) are two MRI measurements that reflect the rotation of the knee joint. The purposes of this study were to assess whether FTA and PTA are associated with ACL...

    Authors: Zeng Li, Mengyuan Li, Yan Du, Mo Zhang, Hai Jiang, Ruiying Zhang, Yuanchen Ma and Qiujian Zheng
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:66
  28. Martial arts training has shown positive impacts on balance and physiological measurements. Further investigation of the contents and feasibility of an effective therapeutic assessment of martial arts is neede...

    Authors: Hajer Mustafa, Aimee Harrison, Yao Sun, Gregory E. P. Pearcey, Bruno Follmer, Benjamin M. Nazaroff, Ryan E. Rhodes and E. Paul Zehr
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:65
  29. Diminished balance is associated with the incidence of ankle and lower extremity injuries in adolescents. Although flexible flatfoot is a common foot condition in pediatric and adolescent populations, the asso...

    Authors: Yasunari Ikuta, Tomoyuki Nakasa, Hironori Fujishita, Hiromune Obayashi, Kouki Fukuhara, Tetsuhiko Sakamitsu, Kai Ushio and Nobuo Adachi
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:64
  30. This study examined the physiological and perceived impact of wearing a novel lower body resistance garment during exercise and recovery.

    Authors: Samantha M. Hoffmann, Isaiah Di Domenico and Paul K. Collins
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:63
  31. Stroke is a major cause of disability with mainly affecting trunk mobility and function. The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness of core stabilization exercises versus conventional therapy ...

    Authors: Wajeeha Mahmood, Hafiz Syed Ijaz Ahmed Burq, Sarah Ehsan, Basita Sagheer and Tahir Mahmood
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:62
  32. Prehabilitation may improve postoperative clinical outcomes among patients undergoing major abdominal surgery. This study evaluated the potential effects of a high-intensity interval training (HIIT) program pe...

    Authors: Anna Michel, Vincent Gremeaux, Guillaume Muff, Basile Pache, Sandrine Geinoz, Ana Larcinese, Charles Benaim, Bengt Kayser, Nicolas Demartines, Martin Hübner, David Martin and Cyril Besson
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:61
  33. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a highly infectious respiratory tract disease. The most common clinical manifestation of severe COVID-19 is acute respiratory failure. Respiratory rehabilitation can be a...

    Authors: Manzur Kader, Md. Afzal Hossain, Vijayendar Reddy, Nirmala K. Panagodage Perera and Mamunur Rashid
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:60
  34. The second-to-fourth digit ratio (2D:4D) has been calculated for individual athletes and sports, but it has not been investigated in futsal performance. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate any ...

    Authors: Farid Farhani, Hamid Arazi, Mohammad Mirzaei, Hadi Nobari, Elena Mainer-Pardos, Imen Moussa Chamari, Julien S. Baker, Jorge Pérez-Gómez and Karim Chamari
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:59
  35. A continuous tracking of the PA level during the COVID-19 pandemic is important to understand how people’s behaviour has varied along time. The aim of this study was to evaluate the physical activity (PA) traj...

    Authors: Eduardo L. Caputo, Natan Feter, Jayne S. Leite, Igor R. Doring, Júlia Cassuriaga, Felipe M. Delpino, Caroline M. Huckembeck, Ricardo Alt, Marcelo C. da Silva, Airton J. Rombaldi and Felipe F. Reichert
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:58
  36. The lifestyle of children has a significant impact on the future health of the whole society. Therefore, health education, prevention and monitoring of health determinants is important at every stage of ontoge...

    Authors: Mirosław Mrozkowiak and Marta Stępień-Słodkowska
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:57
  37. This study aimed to investigate the knowledge of cardiovascular disease risk among asymptomatic sedentary males participating in Islamic prayer, alongside various exercise durations and age groups.

    Authors: Abdul Hamid Jalal and Habib Noorbhai
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:56
  38. Isometric muscle actions can be performed either by initiating the action, e.g., pulling on an immovable resistance (PIMA), or by reacting to an external load, e.g., holding a weight (HIMA). In the present stu...

    Authors: Silas Dech, Frank N. Bittmann and Laura V. Schaefer
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:55
  39. Female soldiers form an integral part of any modern defence force. Previous reports have highlighted that female soldiers report injuries at higher rates than male personnel. One possible reason for this is an...

    Authors: Ben Schram, Elisa Canetti, Robin Orr and Rodney Pope
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:54
  40. In this study, the incidence rate of the injury in Winter Paralympic Games was summarized. Besides, to testify the underlying factors of injury incidence heterogeneity, the difference of these events incidence...

    Authors: Fengyu Wu, Yitong Liu and Maohua Zhuang
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:53
  41. Beetroot juice (BJ) and caffeine (CAF) are considered as ergogenic aids among athletes to enhance performance, however, the ergogenic effects of BJ and CAF co-ingestion are unclear during team-sport-specific ...

    Authors: Erfan Berjisian, Kerry McGawley, Bryan Saunders, Raúl Domínguez, Majid S. Koozehchian, Caio Victor Coutinho de Oliveira, Ramin Rafiei, Hossein Miraftabi, Amir Sarshin and Alireza Naderi
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:52
  42. The aim of this study was to describe and compare the in-season variations of acute: chronic workload ratio (ACWR) coupled, uncoupled, and exponentially weighted moving average (EWMA) through session rating of...

    Authors: Hadi Nobari, Ersan Arslan, Alexandre Duarte Martins and Rafael Oliveira
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:51
  43. Fencing is a highly asymmetrical combat sport, that imposes high mechanical demands over repeated exposures on the musculoskeletal structures, a primary cause of injuries in fencers. However, there are limited...

    Authors: Congfei Lu, Yuxuan Fan, Genyu Yu, Hua Chen, Jonathan Sinclair and Yifang Fan
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:50
  44. With the dynamic development of professional Paralympic sport, the prevalence of musculoskeletal pain and structural and/or functional disturbances in Para athletes constantly increases. The aim of the study w...

    Authors: Anna Zwierzchowska, Eliza Gawel, Diana Celebanska and Barbara Rosolek
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:49
  45. Aim of the study was to enrol a group of individuals with schizophrenia in a long-term moderate-intensity physical activity program and to evaluate its effects on their cognitive functions and cardiovascular r...

    Authors: S. Mandini, M. Morelli, M. Belvederi Murri, L. Grassi, S. Masotti, L. Simani, V. Zerbini, A. Raisi, T. Piva, G. Grazzi and G. Mazzoni
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:48
  46. Resistance training with blood flow restriction (BFR) results in hypertrophy, and its magnitude depends on various training variables. This study aimed to compare the long-term effect of passive recovery (PR) ...

    Authors: Vahid Fekri-Kurabbaslou, Sara Shams and Sadegh Amani-Shalamzari
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:47
  47. The postural stability seems to be important in the physical development of the soccer player and the specific tasks related to the game. In addition, it is related to the injury risk and therefore, with the i...

    Authors: Francisco Tomás González-Fernández, Luis Manuel Martínez-Aranda, Moisés Falces-Prieto, Hadi Nobari and Filipe Manuel Clemente
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:45
  48. To combat the spread of SARS-CoV-2, CrossFit® training centers, and fitness studios were closed during the first lockdown in Germany from mid-March until June 2020, and as a result, CrossFit® (CFA) or weightli...

    Authors: Nicole Meier, Till Nägler, Robin Wald and Annette Schmidt
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:44
  49. Musculoskeletal pain and its risk factors are rarely assessed in studies on adolescent athletes. The aim was to identify risk factors at baseline that were associated with the persistence or development of mus...

    Authors: Julia S. Malmborg, Ann Bremander, Stefan Bergman, Emma Haglund and M. Charlotte Olsson
    Citation: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2022 14:43

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