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Table 2 Reported normal ranges of glenohumeral joint range of movement

From: A comparison of the musculoskeletal assessments of the shoulder girdles of professional rugby players and professional soccer players

Range of Motion (degrees) American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Kendall, McCreary and Provance Hoppenfield American Medical Association
Flexion 0–180 0–180 0–90 0–150
Extension 0–60 0–45 0–45 0–50
Abduction 0–180 0–180 0–180 0–180
Medial Rotation 0–70 0–70 0–55 0–90
Lateral Rotation 0–90 0–90 0–45 0–90
  1. Adapted from Norkin and White, (1995) [34].