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Table 1 Physical assessment of patients with Anterior Shoulder Instability

From: Control strategies to re-establish glenohumeral stability after shoulder injury

  Anterior shoulder instability (n = 19)
ROM in degrees at 90 degree abduction  
• External rotation (SD : Range) 74.2 (6.07: 62–83)
• Internal rotation (SD : Range) 62.2 (12.08: 41–70)
Muscle strength measured in MMT# grades (SD) of:  
• External rotators 4.8 (0.36)
• Internal rotators 4.2 (0.41)
• Deltoids 4.7 (0.46)
Special test (numbers of patients):  
• Apprehension + ve (15) - ve (4)
• Neer + ve (6) - ve (13)
• Sulcus grade Gd 3 (14) Gd <3 (5)
• Speeds + ve (2) - ve (17)
• Empty can + ve (9) - ve (10)
*WOSI score (SD)/2100 614.7 (277)
  1. *WOSI: The Western Ontario Shoulder Instability Index.
  2. # MMT: Kendalls Manual Muscle Testing procedure.