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Table 2 Cervical and lumbar range of motion values in the experimental and control groups and p-values for the comparison of differences within and between groups

From: Effects of a home-exercise therapy programme on cervical and lumbar range of motion among nurses with neck and lower back pain: a quasi-experimental study

  Experimental group   Control group   
  Meana (SD) Meanb (SD) p Mean (SD) pc pd
Cervical ROM       
 Flexion 42.3 (8.1) 57.0 (7.0) 0.000 50.5 (7.6) 0.109 0.004
 Extension 49.5 (10.7) 60.2 (9.2) 0.002 58.4 (13.5) 0.080 0.704
 Lateral flexion (right) 34.8 (4.5) 40.8 (5.5) 0.002 37.6 (6.2) 0.133 0.203
 Lateral flexion (left) 35.5 (6.6) 41.4 (7.8) 0.012 39.9 (7.1) 0.107 0.634
 Rotation (right) 75.7 (8.7) 84.2 (6.4) 0.002 83.2 7.3) 0.323 0.731
 Rotation (left) 78.4 (8.8) 85.8 (7.6) 0.010 84.8 (6.1) 0.354 0.766
Lumbar ROM       
 Flexion 62.2 (9.8) 61.2 (7.2) 0.698 60,0 (7.9) 0.275 0.691
 Extension 22.4 (7.9) 23.6 (5.9) 0.528 28.2 (7.6) 0.090 0.113
 Lateral flexion (right) 21.9 (4.7) 27.4 (2.2) 0.003 27.2 (7.4) 0.045 0.925
 Lateral flexion (left) 24.5 (6.0) 29.6 (3.6) 0.009 27.6 (5.4) 0.142 0.272
  1. aexperimental subjects before therapy; bexperimental subjects after therapy; cexperimental subjects before therapy compared to controls; dexperimental subjects after therapy compared to controls
  2. p < 0.05 constituted significant differences within and between groups